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Full text of "The pupil's pharmacopœia; a literal tr. of the London pharmacopœia, the Engl. following the orig ..."

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PUPIL'S PHARMACOPOEIA ; 

LITERAL TRANSLATION 

OF THX 

XaONDON PHARBIAOOPCBZA, 

THE ENGLISH FOLLOWING THE ORIGINAL IN ITALICS 

WORD FOR WORD; 
AND 

The Latin text being marked to fiwilitate a proper Ihronunciatioii. 

IN ADDSriOK TO WHICH, 

THE CHEMICAL DECOMPOSITIONS ARE EXPLAINED IN 

A NOTE AT THE FOOT OF EACH PREPARATION. 

- to THE WHOLE IS AKNEXEOy 
A Table eshiUting at one view, 

THE NAMES OF MEDieiNES, 
^^th their Properties, Doses, and Antidotes in cases of Poison, &c. 

®i)itti OEtiition, 

ALTERED TO THE LAST EDITION OF THE LONDON FHARBCJ 



'* Duplex libelU dos est." 



By W. MAUGHAM, S 




LONDON: 

PRINTED FOR 

LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, BROWN, AND GREEN, 

. FAiERKOSTER-ROW. 

1824. 
3/^ 



IjONDON • 

Printed by A. and R. Spotti8WOOde» 
New.Street- Square. 



TO 

DAVID UWINS, M.D. 

CO&RESFOMDING MEMBER OF THE MEDICO CUIEUAGICAL 

SOCIETY OF BERLIN, 

FELLOW^ AND LATE PRESIDENT, OF THE LONDON 
MEDICAL SOCIETY. 

I 

PHYSICIAN TO THE CITY DISPENSARY, AND LECTURER ON THE 
THEORY AND PRACTICE OF MEDICINE^ 

THIS TRANSLATION 

OF 

THE LONDON PHARMACOPCEIA, 

WITH NOTES, &c 

IS MOST RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED,. 

BY HIS MUCH OBLIGED 

AND YERY GRATEFUL PUPIL, 



WILLIAIVJ MAUGHAM, 



London, Deoemher 1 . ] 823. 



A 2 



TRANSLATOR'S PREFACE. 



Although the following translation of the 
London Pharmacopoeia was undertaken princi- 
pally for the use of students, yet as it is printed 
throughout in an Italic type, and, may be read 
independently of the Latin, it will, no doubt, 
be found serviceable to the general practitioner. 
Perhaps there are some who will at once con- 
demn the very appearance of the interweaving, as 
it were, o£ the two languages t<^ether : but I 
will ask these, if a translation be admissible at 
all, why it should not be equally so und.er tbe 

E resent arrangement ? When. work$ of this kind 
ave been written in a dead language, and 
couched for the most part in terms of modern 
invention, I conceive they cannot be rendered 
too explanatory to the junior part of the pro- 
fession ; some of whom have never had a classical 
education, whilst many others, during their ap- 
prenticeship, have, in all probability, forgotten 
the little knowledge of Latin thev had acquired 
at school. The short period which is usually 
spent in attending Hospital pra.ctice, and the 
different lectures, &c. necessary for rendering a 
ypung man eligible for his examination, either 
at the College of Surgeons or Apothecaries' 
Hall, is certainly of all others the most improper 
for entering upon the study of this language, 
as the whole of his attention should then be 

A3 



vi translator's preface. 

directed to those pursuits which are of a more 
important nature ; inasmuch as they affect not 
only himself, but the public at large. It is by 
no means requisite, that a person should possess 
a knowledge of Latin either to reduce a dislo- 
cation, or to afford relief in a case of enteritis ; 
and it may not be discouraging to remember, 
that the greatest surgeon the world ever pro- 
duced, and whose name* should never be men- 
tioned but with teverence, was altogether defi- 
cient in classical acquirements, I would not, how- 
ever, by any means wish to depreciate this sort 
of literature, being perfectly aware that where 
it can be cultivated without interfering with 
those duties which every man owes to society, it 
will always tend to enlarge the mind and assist 
in thinking with more accuracy and precision. 

To facilitate something like a proper pro- 
nunciation, these two marks have been intro- 
duced [- ^], the former of which shews that the 
vowel over which it is placed must be pro- 
nounced long ; whilst, on the contrary, a vowel 
accompanied by the latter should be pronounced 
short. By simply attending to these observa- 
tions^ there will be but little difficulty in giving 
each word its proper accent; for if the penulti- 
mate and antepenultimate syllables of Latin 
words have their proper quantities assigned 
them, a correct accentuation will follow as a 
matter of course. I speak generally, deeming 
it unnecessary, in this place, to enter into the 
labyrinths of prosody. As far as it could be 
done, the names in the Materia Medica have 
been marked agreeably to their derivation ; and 



TIIANSLATOR S PREFACE. VII 

where this was not practicable, the best received 
authorities have been adopted. 

That the work might not be considered de- 
ficient, the preface of the college is prefixed, in 
the translating of which a little more freedom 
has been used, as a verbal translation could 
have answered no useful purpose. 

The chemical decompositions are given with 
as much conciseness as possible, and will be 
found agreeable to the most recent theories ; 
thus saving the trouble of turning to different 
authors where a number of opinions often em- 
barrass rather than inform the student. No ob- 
servation is made respecting- the process for 
producing cether; because the theory is as yet 
involved in much obscurity, and the notions en- 
tertained by different chemists are as unsatis- 
factory as they, are multifarious^ 

In the present edition I have placed, immedi- 
ately afler this preface, such information relative 
to the College of Surgeons and Apothecaries' 
Hall, as will be found of use to those who reside 
at a distance from the metropolis ; and I have 
also added the regulations for the admission of 
medical men into the East India Company's 
service. 

In conclusion, I have to observe, that every 
care has been taken to render the work on the 
whole as perfect as possible ; but should any 
errors inadvertently have crept in, it is hoped 
they will meet with indulgence. 



ROYAL COLLEGE OF SURGEONS, 

LONDON. 



The Coukt of Examiners, in Pursuance of their Duty 
to promote this Cultivation of sound chirurgical Knowledge, 
and to discountenance Practices which ha?e a contrary 
Tendency, have Resolved : 

Hurt, from and after the Date hereof; 

The only Schools of Surgery recognised by the Court 
be, Lfrndofiy Dvhlinf Edinburgh, Gtasgow, and Aberdeen : 

That Certificates of Attendance* upon the Chirurgical 
Practice of an Hospital, be not received by the Court, un- 
less such Hospital be in one of the above recognised Schools, 
and shall contain on an Average One Hundred Patients : . 

And that Certificates of Attendance at Lectures on Ana* 
tomy. Physiology, the Theory and Practice of Surgery, 
and of the Performance of Dissections, be not received by 
the Court, except from the appointed Professors of Ana- 
tomy and Surgery in liie Universities of Dublin, Edinburgh, 
Glasgow, and Abef^een ; or from Persons teaching in a 
School acknowledged by the Medical Establishment of one 
of the recognised Hospitals, or from Persons being Physi- 
cians or Surgeons to any of those Hospitals. 



Candidates for the Diploma will be required to produce, 
prior to Examination, Certificates—- 

1. Of having been engaged Six Years, at least, in the 
Acquisition of Professional Knowledge. 

2. Of being Twenty-two Years of Age. And, accord- 
ing to the above Resolutions, 

3. Of having regularly attended Three Winter Courses, 
at least, of Anatomicid Lectures ; and, also, one or more 
Winter Courses of Chirurgical Lectures. 

4. Of having performed Dissections during two or 
more Winter Courses. 

t — - 

« Candidates arc to observe, that tickets q/* Admission only will not 
be received as Certificates or evidence of attendance. 



ix 



/ 5. And of haTiDg diligently attended, during the Term 
of, at least. One Year, the Cbirurgical Practice of an 
Hospital. 

Candidates under the following Circumstances, and of 
the required Age, are also admissible to Examination. 

Members of any of the legally constituted Colleges of 
Surgeons in the United Kingdom. 

Grraduates in Medicine of any, of the Universities of the 
United Kingdom who shall have performed Two or more 
Courses of Dissection, as above specified ; and who shall 
have regularly attended, during the Term of, at least, One 
Year, the Chirurgical Practice of One of the above de- 
scribed Hospittils. 

The above Rules are required to be observed by Cav- 
DiDATEs to be examined for the Testimonial of Qualifi- 
cation of Principal Surgeon in any Service. 



Candidates for the Testimonial of Qualification of 
AssisTANT-SuRGEON, in any Service, must have attended 
Six Months, at least, the Chirurgical Practice of an Hos- 
pital, as above described; and two or more Courses of 
Anatomy ; one Course of Surgery ; and one of Dissections, 
as specified. 

By Order, 
Edmund Belfour, Secretart/, 
I9th Bay of March y 1824. 



APOTHECARIES* HALL. 



Hegulaiumi for ihe EjtamAnaHon of Apothecaries. 

Tub Coukt of Examiivvrs chosen -and appointed by the 
Mastx»,. WaHtDims, and Assistants of the Society of 
Afotbecaeiis, of the Citt of London, in pursuance of a 
certain Act of PABUAXssx^.lLjjQr better Regulating the 
J*ractice of Afotbecaries throughout England and 
Wales," passed in the 55th year of the reign of his 
Majestt Kiko George tl^e Third, have determined : 

That every Person who shall be admitted to an Exa- 
mination for a Certificate to practise as an Apothecary, 
shall be required to produce 

Testimonials of having served an Apprenticeship of 
tud less ihanfve years to an Apothecary ; of having at- 
tained the full age of Ttoenty-one Years, and being of a 
good moral conduct. 

N. B. Candidates for ExanunaUon are requested to take 
notice, that in JtUure the jyrodttclion of their Articles of Ap^ 
jtrenticeshipf where such Articles are in existence, will be 
considered inditpensably reguisiie to JEsamiHation s butf in 
any case, where such Articles shall have been lost, or from 
any other cause may not be capable of being produced, it is 
expected that the Candidate shall bring forward very strong 
testimony to prove tJtat he lias served such an Apprenticeship 
tOHin Apothecary, as the Act tf Parliament directs. 

He is expected to possess a competent knowledge of the 
Latin Language, and to produce Certificates of having 
attended not less than 

Two Courses of Lectures on Anatomy and Phy- 
siology: 

Two Courses of Lectures on the Theory and Prac- 
tice of Medicine. 



XI 

K. B. AJier the 1st of January 1823, no Testimonial of 
Attendance on Lectures on the Principies and Practice of 
Medicine delivered in London, or vnthin Seven Miles tJieretff 
will render a Candidate eligible for JExamination, unless such 
Lectures were gtven, and the Testimonial is signed by 
a FeUowg Candidate, or Licentiate of the Royal College of 
Physicians* 

One Cou&se of Lectures on Chemistry ; and 
OjfE Course of Lectures on Materia Medic a« 
A Certificate of Attendance for six Months at least on 
the Medical Practice of some Public Hosfital, or In« 
FIRM ART or for nine Months at a Disfeksart. 

The Court have also determined, that the Examination 
for a Certificate to practice as an Afotbecart, shall be 
as follows : 

* 1. In translating parts of the Pharmacopceia Lok- 
BiKXNsis, and Physicians' Prescriptions. 

2. In Pharmaceutical Chemistry. 

3. In the Materia Medica, and in Medical BoTANY.f 
4» In Anatomy and Physiology. 

5. In the PracAce of Medicine. 



Notice* 
'Every Person intending to qualify himself under the 
regulations of this Act, to practise as an Apothecary, 
must give notice in writing, addressed to the Clerk of the 
Society, on or before the Monday previous to the day 
of Examination ; and must also at the same time deposit 



* The Coubt arc extremely Awxtoirs to impress upon those 

PSISONS WHO may be IMTBlfDINO TO PRBSBNT THBBI8ELTB8 FOR 

Examination before them, a Conviction of thb absolutb Neces. 

SITT of such KNOWLBOOB OF THE LaTIN LaNOUAOE, AS MAY ENABLE 
THEM TO TRANSLATE THE FhARMACOPJSIA LoNDUCBNSIS, AMD PRESCRIP- 
TIONS OF PHYStCIAES WHICH THEY CONSIDER AS A QUALIFICATION IN- 
DISPBNSABLB TO THB APOTHECARY, AND WHICH THB FIFTH SBCTION OF 
THB Acr BXPBE88LY REQUIRES. 

Tbey are psrticulArljr indueed to give greater publicity to this Regu- 
Uition, because they have had the distressing duty imposed on them of 
withholding Certificates of Qualification from several Persons, prill. 
dpaOy finom their great deficiency in this most important pre-requisite 
to a Medical Education. 

t By Medical Botany is to be understood those indigenous Plants 
onJlf, which are eont^ned In the PharmacopoeU Londinenflis, and 
sucn indigenous Plants as are esteemed of a poisonous quality. 



xu 

all the required Testimonials at the OfRce of the Beadle, 
at Apothscakies* Hall. 

The Court will meet in the Hall every Thursday , 
where Candidates are requested to attend at HALF 
PAST ONE O'CLOCK. 

By order of the Court, 

John Watson, Secretary. 
London, October 1, 1822. 

' *#* It is expressly ordered by the Court of Examiners^ 
that no Gratuity be received by any (Officer from any Person 
ajtplying for Iriformation relative to the Business of this 
Court, 



ExTRACTsJrom the Act " For better Regulating 
the Practice of Apothecaries throughout 
England and Wales." 



That from and after the First Day of August One 
Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifteen, it shall not be 
lawful for any Person or Persons (except Persons already 
in practice as such), to practise as an Apothecary in any 
part of England or Wales, unless he or they shall have 
been Examined by the Court of Examiners, or the major 
part of them, and have received a Certificate of his or their 
being duly qualified to practise as such, from the said Court 
of Examiners ; who are authorised and required to Examine 
all Person or Persons applying to them, for the purpose of 
ascertaining the skill and abilities of such Person or Per- 
sons in the Science and Practice of Medicine, and his or 
their fitness and qualification to practise as an Apothecary. 

That from and after the First Day of August, One 



Xlll 

Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifteen, it shall not be 
lawful for any Person or Persons (except tlie Persons then 
/tcting as Assistants to any Apothecaries, and excepting 
Persons who have actually served an Apinrenticeship of 
Five Years to an Apothecary) to act as an Assistant to any 
Apothecary, In compounding or di^iensing Medicines, 
without undergoing an Examination by the Ceurt of Ex- 
aminers, or by Five Apothecaries, so to be appointed as 
hereinafter is mentioned. 

That if any Person (except such as are then actually 
practising as such) shall, after the said First Day oi 
August, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifteen, act 
or practise as an Apothecary in any part of England or 
WaleSy without having obtained such Certificate as afore- 
said, every Person so offending shall for every such Offence, 
forfeit and pay the Sum of Twenty Pounds; and if any 
Person (except such as are then acting as such, and ex- 
cepting Persons who have actually served an Apprentice- 
ship as aforesaid) shall, after the First Day of August, One 
Thousand Eight Hundred and I^lfteen, act as an Assistant 
to any Apothecary, to compound and dispense Medicines, 
without having obtained such Certificate, every Person so 
offending, shall for every such Offence forfeit and pay the 
Sum of Five Pounds, 

That no Apothecary shall be allowed to recover any 
Charges claimed by him in any Court of Law, unless such 
Apothecary shall prove on the Trial, thatheVas in Prac- 
tice as an Apothecary prior to, or on the said First Day of 
August, One Thousand Eight Hundred and Fifteen, or 
that he has obtained a Certificate to practice as an Apothe- 
cary. 

That ih6 said Master, Wardens, and Society of Apothe- 
caries, do make annually, and cause to be printed, an 
exact List of all and every Person who shall in that Year 
have obtained a Certificate to practise as an Apothecary, 
with their respective Residences attached to their respective 
Names, 

That the said Master, Wardens, and Society of Apothe- 
caries for the Time being, and their Successors, or any 
of the Assistants, or any other Person or Persons properly 
qualified, as the Act directs, to be by the Master and 



XIV 

Wardens nominated and assigned, not being fewer iu 
Number than Two Persons at the least/ shall and may 
from Time to Time, and ai all seasonable and convenient 
Times in the Day-time, as often as to the said Master and 
Wardens it shall seem^ expedient, go and enter into any 
Shop, or Shops of any Person or Persons whatever using 
or exercising the Art or Mystery. of an Apothecary in any 
Part of England or ffales, and shall and may search, 
survey, prove, and determine if the Medicines, sim- 
ple or compound, Wares^ Drugs, or any Thing or 
Things whatsoever therein contained, and belonging to the 
Art or Mystery of Apothecaries aforesaid, be wholesome, 
meet, and fit for llie Cure, Health, and Ease of his Ma- 
jesty's Subjects ; and all and every such Medicines, Wares, 
Drugs, and all other Things belonging to the aforesaid 
Art, which they shall find false, unlawful, deceitful, stale, 
unwholesome, corrupt, pernicious or hurtful,, shall and 
may bum, or otherwise destroy ; and also shall and may 
report to die Master, Wardens, and Assistants of the said 
Society, the Name or Names of such Person or Persons as 
shall be ^ound^to have the same in their Possession ; and 
the said Master, Wardens, and Assistants shall and may 
impose and levy the following Fines and Penalties upon 
each and every Person whose Name sliall be so reported 
to them, as hereinafter mentioned ; for the First Offence 
the Sum of Five Pounds, for the Sec6nd Offence the Sum 
of Ten Pounds, and for the Third and every other Offence 
the Sum of Twenty Pounds, 



XV 



REGULATIONS 



FOR THE ADMISSION OF MEDICAL GENTLEMEN 

INTO TUX 

EAST* INDIA COMPANY'S SERVICE, 

AS ASSISTANT ^UBGEONS FOK INDIA. 



■T>P> J i« /I I 



AGE. 

» 
Ths Assistant Surgeon must not be under Twenty-two 
Years, ia pcoof of wMoh he.tnust produce aa Extract fiom 
tbe Register of the Parish in which he was bom, or his own 
Affidavit. 

QUALIFICATION IN SURGERY. 

A Diploma from the Royal College of Surgeons of 
London, or of the Colleges of Surgeons of Dublin or 
Edinburgh,' or of the College and University of Glasgow, 
or the Faculty of Phytjidans and Surgeons of Glasgow, is 
deoned satisfactory as to his knowledge of Surgery. The 
idx>Te Testimonials must be produced upon his receiving 
his Nomination from a ^}ember of the Court .of Directors. 

QUALIFICATION IN PHYSIC. 

The Assistant Surgeon will then be sent to Dr. Cham- 
bers, the Company's examining Physician, with the under- 
mentioned letter : 

'^ SiK : — - 1 have the commands of the Committee for 
** passing Military Appointments, to ivquest you will 

" please to examine Mr. •♦, and certify 

^ whether he is now qualified in Physic to sei ve as an 
.'* Assistant Sui|;eon at any of the Company's Presidencies 



XVI 

" in the East- Indies ; and if not, at what period you think 
" he may be sufficiently qualified to obtain your Cer- 
" tificate." 

The following Regulations have been resolved on by the 
Court, in reference to the examinatipn he is (o undergo by 
Dr. Chambers : 

That every person nominated an Assistant Surgeon be 
required to pass an examination in the practice of Physic ; 
in which examination will be included as much Anatomy 
and Physiology as is necessary for understanding the causes 
and treatment of internal diseases, as well as the art of pre- 
scribing and compounding medicines. 

That upon the Assistant Surgeon presenting himself to 
. Dr. Chambers, he be required to produce to him satisfac- 
tory proof of his haying attended at least one pourse of 
Lectures on the practice of Phydc, and above all, of his 
having attended diligently the practice of the Physicians at 
some general Hospital in London, Edinburgh, Dublin, or 
Glasgow, for at least six months, or at some Dispensary in 
London for at least twelve months ; and that unless he pro- 
duce such proof, it be deemed a want of proper qualification, 
ai\d be immediately reported as such by the examining 
Physician, to the Committee for passing Military Appoint- 
ments. 

The Assistant Surgeon will likewise be required to attend 
one course of Dr. Gilchrist's Lectures in Hindoostanee, for 
admission to which he will have to pay not more than Three 
Guineas ; and previous to his passing the Committee, he 
will be required to produce Dr. Gilchrist's Certificate of bis 
having so attended. * 



: *:DR. GILCHRIST'S LECTURES. 

Tuesdays, Thursdays, and Fridays, at 11 o'clock, 48, Duke Street,' ' 

PiccadiUy. 
Commences 1st Dec. ends Slst Jan. ^ 

Commences 1st Feb. ends Mar. 
^Commences April, ends May. 



xvu 

The Assistant Surgeon ^iU finally be required to exe- 
cute Covenants in the Secretary's Office, and find security 
in two Persons to the extent of £5QO, jointly and sererallyy 
for the due perfimnance. of those Covenants. * 

STAMPS AND FEES, connected tnth the above 

AppoinJtfnent, 

£> «• d. 

Potion 5 

Letter to Surg^ns* Hall, or the Examining 

Physician .«•....• •..•....*• 5 

Stamps for the Covenants 10 15 O 

Fee Upon executing Covenants .».•....•.>... 5 

I>o. foraii Order for Yds Baggage..... 10 6 

PASSAGE MONEY TO INDIA. 

If the Assistant Surgeon should proceed in one of the 
Company's Ships, he will have to pay £95 for his accom- 
modation at the Captain's table, or £55 for his accommo- 
dation at the Third Mate's mess ; and his Passage Money 
must be lodged in the hands of the Company's Paymaster, 
for the said Captain or Third Mate. 



* The Covenantg above ttated may be seen <n the Secretary's Office 
atlthe India House, Leadenhall Street. 



PR^FATIO 

EDITIONIS 1809. 



Ai^Nis viginti duobus vix elapsis, Phatmaco- 
poeiam nostram incudi reddere iterum statuimus. 
Hlinc ' laborem 'nobis imposuit culta indies et 
amplificata Naturae scieutia. Ilia enim intra 
paucos hos annos itk erroribus purgata et ex- 
perimentis illustrata est, itk principiis novis fir- 
mioribuSj altioribus, undequaque stabilita, ut si 
in h^c un^ parte, quse ad Medicinam spectat, 
neglecta et rudis jaceret, id nobis meritb dede- 
cori verteretur; praecipue cum duse finitimae 
huic nostras Artes, Chemica, et Botanica, haec, 
omnes omnium regionum herbas cum labore 
maximo exploraverit ; ilia integram suam disci- 
plinam' in meliorem commutaverit, et Hnguam ' 
penittis novam loqui didicerit. Non ulteriiis 
igitur spatium esse moras videtur, quin medi- 
camentorum omnium vir6s et naturam cum 
summa diligentia perpendamus, ut si fuerint, 
quae vel obsoleta vel supervacua judicemiis, loco 
moveamus* 

Antecessores nostri plurimilm san^ contule- 
runt ad singula certius promptiiisque confi- 



PREFACE 

TO THE EDITION OF 1809r 



Scarcely are tw^6niy-two years elapsed, and 
again we have determined to re-model our Phar- 
macopoeia. This task has been imposed upon us 
by the daily cultivated and enlarged science of 
natural Philosophy: which has, within these few 
years, been so elucidated by experiments and 
freed from errors, so established on all sides 
upon new, firmer, and more exalted principles, 
that if that part thereof which relates to .Medi- 
cine were laid aside neglected and unimproved, it 
would very justly be considered a disgrace to us; 
especially when of the two Sciences most nearly 
allied to ours — Chemistry and Botany — one has 
explored, with the most diligent research, all 
the plants of every climate ; the other has 
changed its whole system for a better, and 
learned to speak a language entirely new. 
There seems, therefore, no further ground for 
delay, but that we should examine with the 
utmost attention the virtues and nature of every 
medicine, so that if there were any which we 
should deem either obsolete or superfluous, they 
might be expunged. 

Our predecessors have certainly very much 
contributed towards having each article prepared 



XX PRiEFATIO. 

cienda; jkm tiim enim Philosophise lux nova 
exoriebatur, quaS prlsrtins dilsciplins nubila dis- 
cutiebat, formidines vanas cum tenebris simul 
fugabaty secreta denique Naturae eateniis re- 
dudebaty ut quid incongruum esset, quid con- 
sentaneuQiy quaenam inter se pugnantia, qusnam 
in compositione aptissim^ consocianda, medico- 
rum oculis pal^m tandem ostenderet. Sed ea 
est artis conditio, ut emendari quid^m possit, 
absoluta reddi non possit. 

Exind^ igitur in annos singulos ailiquid me- 
diciQse accesfiit^ neque k priorum incoeptis hsec 
ieetas nostra declinavit, quin et morborum quo- 
rundam signa aocuratiiltf exposuit, et quibusdam 
remedia magis idonea reperit, turn medicamen- 
torum alia inutilia et inepta rejecit, alia ralen- 
tiora U8U et autoritate comprobavit; universa 
etiam aut scrutata est diligentiiis, aut quomodo 
peritiils componantur, ^ocuit.' Cum nos igitur 
ad hoc opus recognoscendum animum primum 
intendimus, multa invenimus quae cum perfec* 
tiore nostrae artis discipline maid congruebant, 
plura quibus abhorrebat erudita ilia rerum ap- 
pellandarum norma, quam iiiterek physici ex- 
cogitaverant, nonnulla etiam quae addi postulabat 
ipsius operis ordo, et concinnitas. Non ideb ta- 
men nos fefellit multum molestiaei multum etiam 



I>REFAC£. XXI 

with more promptness and accuracy ; for in their 
days that new light of Philosophy was beginning 
to appear, which dispelled the clouds of the 
ancient system, and put to flight the groundless 
fears which accompanied the darkness of the 
times ; and, in short, so far revealed the secrets 
of nature as to shew at length more openly to 
the eyes of physicians what things were incon- 
gruous,- and what were proper, those which 
varied with each other, and those uniting most 
readily, in. composition. But such is the con- 
dition of art, that, although it may admit of 
improvement, it cannot be rendered perfect. 

From that period, therefore, every year has 
produced some improvement in medicine; nor has 
the present age been backward in following up 
what the former had begun, but has expounded 
more accurately the symptoms of some diseases, 
and devised for others remedies more appro- 
priate, having rejected some useless and inept 
medicines, whilst it has approved, from expe- 
rience and authority, of others more efficacious ; 
and at the same time not only examined the whole 
more diligently, but has also taught us in what 
manner they may be more skilfully compounded. 
When, therefore, we first turned our attention 
to thte.revisal of this work, we discovered many 
things which ill agreed t^ith the more perfect 
state of the science, but a still greater number 
which were at variance with that erudite system 
of nomenclature latterly thought of by natural 
philosophers, and some also which the concinnity 
and order of the work itself required to be added. 
It did not, however, escape our notice that 



XXll PaJCFATIO. 

periculiy h crebrSl Pharmacopceiarum mutatione 
provenire : sed nobis persuasum erat, ea tandem 
et stabilia maxim^ et utilia fore^ quae cam rectft 
ratione arctissim^ convenirent. Quibus perpen- 
sis, ' nomina medicamentis dare, quantum fieri 
potuit^ legitima, et naturae cujusque congruentia^ 
statuimus : sic tamen, ut provideremus ne titii<- 
lorum amplificatio medicos impediat. Si pluYi» 
bus igitur Yocabulis' opus fuerit, ut rei cujuspiam 
compositiotiem manifest^ in appellando design 
heinus, ei simpliciusy etsi mintis eruditUm cog- 
nomea apponere maluimus. 

Quod ad nos attinet, nihil I^boris detrect^- 
vimus quo librum hunc qukn perfectissim^m 
ederemus!* Non itk tamen, ut omnibus nos 
satisfacturos esse, vel errores nullos admisisse, 
confidamus ; quos siquis asperitis notare voluerit, 
reputet modo quantum et varietatis et difficultatis 
hujusmodi opus amplectitur, et paucis maculis 
nou offensum iri speramus. — Sed haec hactenus. 

Quaedam vero obnixiiis cxcusanda sunt, 
quae videantur aut plus qukm satis est ab usu 
populari discedere» ut Antkemis^ aut horridum 
quid ac barbarum sonare, ut Potassa. DHi 
taraen restitimus : sed quid contra omnium 
Physicorum autoritatem facere, aut qui potuimus 
nomina Animalium, Herbarum, Lapidumve, ea 
retinerei quae rebus omnind diversis Scriptores 



PREi^ACE* xxiii 

much trouble and danger arises from a frequent 
alteration of Pharmacopoeias; and we were there* 
fore persuaded that those intendments would in 
the end be most permanent and useful that best 
accorded with sound reasoning. Having well 
weighed these considerations, we resolved, as far 
as it could be done, to affix such names to medi- 
cines as would be appropriate and agreeable to 
their nature ; nevertheless, taking care that their 
length should not^ be an obstacle to physicians. 
If, dierefore, it required many words to designate 
clearly^ the composition of an article^ in giving 
it a name, we have chosen the more simple, al- 
though it may be the less learned title of the two. 

As far as relates to ourselves, every endea- 
vour has been used to render the present 
edition as perfect as possible. We do not, 
however, suppose that it will be satisfactory to 
every one, or that no errors have crept in ; but 
should any person feel disposed to notice these 
with severity, let him consider with what di- 
versity and difficulties a work of this kind is 
fraught, and we trust he will then not be dis- 
pleased at a few blemishes. But no more on this 
head. 

Some names, however, require a more earnest 
apology, as they seem to depart more than 
is absolutely necessary from popular custom, 
such as Anthemis, whilst others sound barba- 
rous and disagreeable, as Potassa. We hesitated 
a good while, but. what could we do against the 
authority of all natural philosophers? or how 
could we retain those names of animals, plants, 
and stoneS; when the first writers in- this land of 



XXIT PRJEFATIO. 

in eo genere principes imposuerant? Satii!ls 
igitur ^sse putavimus nos in rudis ingenii crimen 
incurrere» qukm anceps aliquid, et dubise sig- 
nificationis admittere, aut voce un^ atque altera 
ab universe chemicorum consuetudine dissen- 
tire. 

Quod ad mutationem attinet quam.in Men- 
Buris liquidorum facere instituimus^ ea cum ab 
omnibus dudum efflagitata fuerit, ne studio no- 
vitatis fieri existimetur, non est cur timeamus. 
Idem nomen liquidorum mensurae, idem soli- 
dorum ponderi dari, errorem frequentissimd 
induxit. lUam autem mensuram, cui Congio 
nomen est, et cujus capacitas h, Rege et Senatu 
prsscripta est, mutare non ausi.sumus, sed in 
partes pro arbitrio dividere, et unicuique titulum 
assignare, non licitum mod5, sed officii esse 
nostri duximus. 

Quod superest, eam nos in hoc opere per- 
ficiendo rationem adhibuisse speramus, quae 
rei tractandae sit accommodatissima. Nobis 
certb laboris et curarum praemia suavissima .com- 
parabuntur, si qualiacunque haec sint, utilitati 
publicae conducant, et vel hoc praestare videan- 
tur, ut morborura remedia paul6 certiora indi- 
centur, morbi ipsi paul5 citijils mitigentur. 



PREFACE. XXV 

science had applied them to things widely dif- 
ferent? We nave, therefore^ thought it better 
to incur the blame of being ingenious in bar- 
barism, rather than to admit any terms of an 
uncertain or dubious meaning, or to differ in this 
or the other word from the cobunon custom of 
chemists. 

As far as respects the change which we have 
determined to make in the measures of Hquids, 
we are not afraid that it should be thought to 
arise from it love of novelty, as it has long ago 
been desired by every one. The same name 
applied b^oth to the measure of liquid and to the 
weight of sdlld substances, has very frequently 
been the. cause of error. We have not, how- 
ever, presumed to. change that measure, the 
capacity of which is defined by the king and. 
parliament, and which is called ^gallon: but we 
have thought it not only lawful, but our duty, to 
divide.it into parts, according to 6ur discretion 
and to assign to each a title. 

To condude ; we trust we have adhered to 
that mretfaod, in -bringing the work to perfec- 
tion, whidi h best suited to the subject treated 
upon. To us, certainly; it will be a most agree* 
able reward. for our labours and anxieties, if 
these things, such as they are, contribute to the 
public good, and shall appear to accomplish this 
object, namely, that the remedies of diseases 
be more certainly pointed out, whilst diseases 
themsdves are more speedily rdieved. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS. 



Page 

^Veights and Measures 1 

Materia Medica 6 

Preparations and Compounds 21 

Acids 21 

Alkalies and their Salts .« 28 

"Earths and their Salts 41 

Metals and their Salts ;....... 46 

Preparations of Sulphur. ^....> ,,,„ 74 

Vegetables ....1 77 

Expressed Oils 81 

Distilled Oils 82 

Distilled Waters 84 

Infusions «.• • 88 

Mucilages 95 

Decoctions 96 

Extracts 102 

Mixtures 114 

Spuits 118 

Tinctures .* 129 

Preparations of ^ther. « 143 

Wines 147 

Vinegars ....; • • 150 

Preparations of Honey , •... 151 

Syrups « ••.*•* 153 

Confections ....t....w « .....; 161 

Powders ^.* 168 

Pills 173 

Prq)arations from Animals .* 177 

Plasters .' c 179 

Ceirates 186 

Ointments 190 

Liniments i ^ 197 

Cataplasms 200 

SurPLKMEKT I «, 209 



PHARMACOPOEIA 

LONDINENSIS. 



THE PHARMACOPOSU OF LONDON. 



PONDERA MENStTRJG, &c. 

WEIGHTS, MEASURES, 4^. 

Cum As duo gSn^ra two kinds pond£nim of 
tceighfs recepta sint have been received usu in use 
in AngM in England, altSro by one quorum of 
which aurum gold et and argentum silver, altero 
ty the other ferh almost ceeterae all other merces 
commodities, estimantur are estimated, nos we 
utimur use priore the former, quod which et also 
voc^tur is called Troy Weight : que and disper* 
timua we divide libram the pound sic thus^ videucet 
nameUf : 

Libra ft. 

The pound 

Uncia 

The ounce I habet 

I>rachina f contains 

The dram 

Scrupiilos 

The scruple 



^ Uncias du5d^cim 
Twelve ounces. 
Drachmas octo 
Eight drams* 
Scrupiiios tres 
Three scruples. 
Qrana viginti 
Twenty grains. 



3 



«T. 



Apposuimus we have placed notas the signs 
quibus by which est it is consuetum customary 
designare to designate quodque every pondus 
weight, • 

Mensiira the measure liquidorum of liquids 
etiam also est is dispar unlike, alia one propna 
peculiar cerevisise to ale, alia the other vino to 
wine ; nos we adhibemu& employ posteridrem the 
latter, que and utiniur we use mensuris the mea» 
sures liquidorum of fluids deductis derived ex from 
congio vinario the wine gallon. 

CoDgius vinanus the winegallon est is defiinitus 
defined legibus by the laws regiii of the realm, 
quern wMcn ad for medicinales medicinal usus 
uses dispefttmus we AvUte sic ihus, yit, namely : 



Cohgtus C 
A gallon 
Octanus 
A pint 
Fluiduncia 
A fluid ounce 
Tlaidrachma 
A fluid dram 



. habet 
contains 



Octarios octo O 

Eight pints. 
FluiduncYas sedecini f^ 
Sixteen fluid ounces, 
Fittidrachmas octo ^ 
Eight fluid drams. 
Minima ftex;^inta % 
. Sixty drops. 



Apposuimus we have placed notas ihe ^ns 
quibus % .tt;^ic^ designanius we designate quam- 
que every mensurann measure. 



Ne lest qUis any error error nascatur should 
arise exffwn nominibiis the names, (pxtt which 
sunt are imposjfta applied ponderibus to weights 
tt and mensum measures nullo without any dis- 
crimine discrimination, finxiraus we have invented 



£st it is yidendum io be seen, [i. e. observed], 
ne whether quid any [portion] cupri of copper^ aut 
or plutubi lead, ipsit be present in matend in 
the material ex from qu& which mortaria mortars, 
meDsurae measures, infundibula funnels, ^ut or 
alia any vasa vessels fiunt are 9na^, in quibus m 
tcAicA.medicam^ntar medicines sen ei^Aer praepa- 
rantur are prepared sive or servantur preserved ; 
itaque therefore fictilia earthen ware, vitrlfacta 
glazed plumbo with lead, sunt are aliena improper * 

Oportet it is proper servare to keep acida add, 
alkalina alkaline, terrea earthy, (and) metallica 
metallic, prseparata preparations, turn also sales 
salts omnis of every generis hind, in pbtur&tis in 
stopped vitreis ^2aj^ vasis vessels, 

Metlmur we measure gradum the degree Gal5ris 
of heat thermonoetro by the thermometer Fahren- 
heitiano of Fahrenheit ; et and cum when prsecipW 

qusedam certain nova new [nomtna names, under" 
stood[], non not inconsuUfe inconsiderately, quae 
which brevis a little usus use reddet will render 
fsicWisk familiar. 

Ad haec to this [or likewise] metimur we measure 
mensurS, vitrei by a glass measure, signktA graduated 
squalibus at e^uaZ intervallis distances, minimas 
the smallest partes parts liquidorum of liquids. 
fitenim for numerus the number gut^rum of drops 
est is rallax deceptive et and incertus uncertain, 
[there being] fer^ almost bis twice tdtidem as 
many guttis drops cujuslibet of any tincturse 
tincture, quot as aquae of water, implentibus for 
filling eandem the same mensuram measure^ 

b2 



mus we order CALdREM Ferventem a boiling 
heat^ Intel] igini us we mean istum that qui which 
notatur is marked ducentesimo at the two hun^ 
dred duodecimo and twelfth gradu degree. Ver6 
hut Calor Lenis a gentle heat indicat m^ans 
eum that {heat"] qui which est is inter between 
nonagesimum the ninetieth et and centesimum the 
hundredth gradum degree. 

Quoties as often as mentio mention fit is made 
Pokderis SpecifYci of specific weighty ponimus 
we suppose id the things de concerning quo which 
agitur it is treated^ esse to be quinquagesimi of 
the fifty quinti^^^ grad(is degree caloris of heat. 

Balneum AceudsuM a water bath fit is made 
ubi when quslTbet any res things contenta con- 
tedned suo in its yBse vessel^ expomtur is exposed 
aut either aquse ferventi to boiling water ipsi itself, 
aut or vap5ri to the vapour ejus of it, ut that 
incalescat it may be heated. 

Balneum a bath ARENiE of sand fit is made ex 
from arenll sand paulatim gradually calefaciend^ 
heated, in into quam which quselibet any res thing 
imponitur is placed contenta contained suo in its 
Tase vesseL 



MATERIA MEDICA. 



In secundo f» the second ordYne column^ VEGETA* 
BIOA VEGETABLES designantur are named ex 
from Speclebus the Species Plantarum of Plants Linnaei 
of LinneuSj edYtis ^(/i/e^/ a WilldenoW bt^ WUldenow; 
ANIMALIA ANIMALS secundum according to 
Linnaei SystSma Naturae, Linmsus's System of Nature^ 
edUiim edited \i Gmelin hy Gmelm; RES CUEMtCM 
[and] CHEMICAL ARTICLES [accorfUngtolxe- 
centYoribus the new norninlbus names, nisi unless sit it 
be indlcatum expressed alYter otherwise, 

AbiStis Eesioa* Finns Abies, 

Resiffof the Spruce Fin * The concrete Hesim, 

Absintmum, ArtfemisYa AbsintliYum. 
Common Wormwood* 

AcacTae Gummi, AcacYa vera,- 

Acacia Gum {vulg, Guni * The Gum. 

Arabic), 

AcStosae FolYa, Rumex Ac^tosm 

Leaves ofSorrei, * The Leaves, 

Acet5sella, ' Ox&IisAcetdsella. 
' Woodsorrel. ' 



* It «hould be observed that the Latin words Besina 
concreia, Gummi, Folia, ^^c, are not inserted, as the^ would 
have occasioned a confj'^ appearance. 

' B 3 



MATERIA MBDICA. 



AcetuiDy 

Vinegar. 

Addum acetXcum fortius^ 

Stronger acetic Aoid, 

The specific ^avity of 
this is to the specific gravity 
of distilled water, as 1,016 
to 1,000. 

87 grains of the crystals 
of toia Subcarbonate of 
iSoda are saturated by 100 
grains of this acid. 
Acldum Citrlcum, 
Citric Acid, 
- [7%e Crs^tiak.] 
AcTdum Sulphuncum, 
Sulphuric Acid. 

The specific gravity of 
this is to the specific gravity 
of distilled water, as 1,850 
to 1,000. 
Aconiti FolYa, 
Leaves of MonX^i hood, 
Adeps, 
Ho^g Lard. 
JErugo,. 
Verdigris, 
Aim Radix, 
Root of Garlic. 
Aides spicatae Extcactum, 
Extract of spiked Aloes 

(wdg, Socotrine Aloes J. 
Althsese j^lYa et Radix, 
Leaves cmd Root of Marsh' 

mallows, 
Alumen, 
Alum, 



Addum Acetkjim e lig- 
no destillatum. 



Aconitum Napellus, 
The Leaves, . 
Sus Scrofa, 
The Lard. 
Subacetas Cupri impura. 

Allium sativum. 
The Root. 
Aide spicata. 
The Extract, 

Althsa officinalis. 
Leaves and Root. 

SupersuIphasAlumlnae et 
Potasses. 



MATElllA MlBDICA. 




Ammoni^um, 
Gum Ammoniac. 



Ammonlfse Murifas, 
Muriate ofArhmoma. 
Amygdalae amara&y 
Bitter Almonds, 
Amygdalae dulces, 
Sweet AlmofuU. 

Amj^Iuniy 

Starch, 

Anethi SemYna, 

DiU Seeds. 

Anisi SemYaa, 

Anise Seeds. 

AnthemYdis Flores, 

FUjwers of Chamomile. 

AntimoDli Sulphiiretumy 
Stdphuret of Antitnony. 
AntimonYi Vitrum^ 
Glass of Antimony. 

Argentum, 

Silver. 

ArmoracYs Radix, 

Root of Horseradish. 

Arsei^cum album. 

White Arsenic. 

As&ti FolTa, 

Leaves of Asarabacca. 

Assafbetfdae Gummi-resina, 

Gum Resin of Assafcetida. 

Aveiiae SemUna, 

Oats. 



Heracl^um gummif^rum, 
WiLLDENow, Hort. 
Berd. 
The Gum Resin. 
Murias AmmonTas, 

Amygd&Ius communis, 

Var. 7. 

Var. i3. 
TheJKemels, 

TritYcum hybernum. 
Wheat Starch. 
Anethum grairedlens. 
The Seeds. 

PimpYnella Anisum, 
The Seeds. 

Anth^mis noUIis, 
The single Flowers. 

Sulphiiretum AntimonYi. 

Antimonii Ox^dum sul- 
pburatum vitrifactum. 
Argentum purificatum. 

CochlearYa AnnoracYa, 

The Root. 

Addum Arseniosuro. 

Asarum Europoeum, 
The Leaves. 
Feriila Assafcetida, 
The Gum Resin. 
Avena sativa, 
The Seeds deprived 

of their husks {vulg. 

Grits). 



8 



MATERIA M«DICA« 



Aurantii Baccse, 
Seville Orange-berries, 

Aurantifi Cortex, 
Orange Bind. 

Bals&mum Peruyianun, 

Penuman Balsam, 
Bals&mum Tolutanum, 
Balsam of Tolu. 
BellSdonnae FoIYa, 
Leaves of the deadly Night' 

shade, 
Benzolnum, 
Benzoin. 
Bismuthuniy 
Bismuth. 
Bistortse Radix, 
Bistort Root, 
Cajiiputi Ol^um, 
Cajuput Oil, 
Calamina, 
Calamine, 
Cal&mi Radix, 
Boot of the Sweet Flag. 
Calumba, 
Calumba, 



CambogYa, 
Gamboge. 

CamphSra, 
Camphor. 

Canellae Cortex, 
Canella Bark, 



Citrus Aurantliun (His* 

palense). 
The Berries. 
The outer Bind of the 

Berries, 

Myroxj^lon Peruiferum, 

The Balsam. 
Toluif^ra Bab&muin, 
The Balsam. 
Atrdpa Bell&donna, 
The Leaves. 

Stj^rax Benzdin, 
The Balsam. 



Polygonum Bistorta, 
The Boot, 

Melaleuca Cajuputi, 
The essential Oil. 
Carbonas Zinci impiira. 

Ac5ru9 Cal&mus, 
The Boot. 

Cocciilus palmatus. 
The Boot, 
Db Caximlle, Sys. 
Nat. 

Stalagmltis CarnbogYoi- 

des, 
The Gum^Resin. 
Laurus CaiUphdra, 
A peculiar Concrete ob^ 

tained by sublimation. 
Canella alba, 
ne Bark. 



MATEBIA MBDICA. 



Canth&ris, 
Spanish Fly, 

CapsTci BaccsBy 

Berries of Capsicum^ (vulg. 

Cayenne Pepper), ' 
Carbo Ligni, 
Charcoal^ {fresh burnt), 
Card&mines Flofes, 
CucXcooJlower (or Ladies*' 

smock). 
Card&moini SemYnay 
Seeds of Cardamom, 

Caries Fnictus^ 

CaHH SemYna^ 
Carraway Seeds, . 
Carydphylli, 
Cloves. 

Cai^ophyllorum Ol^um. 
Oil of Cloves, 
Casc&rillae Cortex, 
Cascarilla Bark, 
CassYse Pulpa, 
Cassia Pulp, 
Castor^iuDy 
Castor, (Bussian), 
Catechu Extractum, 
Extract nf Catechu, 
Cedtaurfi Cacumlna, 
Tops of the Centaury, 
Ceraalba, 
W1^ Wax, 
Cera flava. 
Yellow Wax, 
Cerevisl8& Fermentuin. 
Yeast. 



Canth&rb vencatdria. . 
Latbeille, Cren, In^ 
sect, 
Cfq>8lcum annflum. 
The Berries. 

Carbo Ligni recens. 

Card&mine pratensis, 
2%€ Flowers. - 

Matonia Cardamomuniy 
The Seeds, 

Smith, in Bees Cyclop, 
Ficus Carica, 
7%tf dried Fruit. 
Carum Cariii, 
The Seeds. 

Eugenia caryophyllata. 
The Buds dried. 
Their essential Oil, 

Croton Cascarilla, 
The Bark. 
Cassia Fistiila, 
The Pulp of the Pods, 
Castor Fiber (Rossicua), 
A peculiar Concrete. 
AcacYa CatSchu, 
The Extract. 
ChironTa Centaurium, 
The Tops. 



10 



MATBSIA MEDICA. 



Cetac^um, 


Physeter macroQe{^aluSy 


Spermac^i, 


A peculiar kind of Cotif^ 




Crete. 


Cinchonae cordifollae Cor- 


CincbonacordifolYay ' 


^ 


tex, 
Barh of heart-leaved Cinf 


The Bark. 


> 


chona (yellow JBark), 


•\ • 


si 


Cinchonse lancifoKse Cor- 


Cinchona kncifolTay^ 


>^ 


tex 




§ 


Bark of lance-leaved Cm* 


The Bark, 




chona (pale or quilled 




^ 


Bark). 




Cinchonse oblongifolIseCor- 


Cinchona oblongi- 




tex, 


foKa, 


Bark of oblong4eaved CitP- 


The Bark, ^^ 


chona (red Bark). 




Cinn&momi Cortex, 


Launis Cinnamomum, 


Bark of Cinnamon, 


The inner Bark, 


Cinn&mdmi OlSuniy 




Oil of Cinnamon, 


Its essential OH, 


Coccus^ 


Coccus Cacti. 


Cochineal. 




ColchYci Radix et SemYno, 


ColchKcum autiunnale. 


Root and Seeds of meadow 


The fresh Root and Seeds 


Sajfron, 


' 


ColocynthYdis Pulpa, 


Cflciimis Co15cynthis, 


Pulp of the bitter Apple, 


Pulp of the Fruii. 


Conii Folia et Semina, 


Conlum maciilatum. 


Leaves and Seeds of Hem' 


The Leaves and Seeds. 


lock. 




Contrajervae Radix^ 


Dorstenta Contr^erva. 


Root of Contrayerva, 


The Root. 


Copaiba, 


Copaif^ra officinalis^ 


Copaiva. 


The liquid Resin. 


Corlkndri SemYna, 


Coriandrum sativum. 


Coriander Seeds. 


The Seeds. 


Corn&a, 


Cervus El^phus, 


Horns (of the Stag). 

• 
1 


The Horns. 

« 


A 



MATERIA MEDICA. 



11 



Creft^ 
Chalk. 

Croci Stigmata, 
Saffron. 

Cubeba, 
Cvbebt. 

Ctiinini SemYna, 
Cvmin Seedt. 
Cupri Sulphas, 
Stdphatexif Copper. 
Cusparise Cortex, 
CmpaHa {vulg. Angustura) 

Bark, 
CydonYae Seintna> 
Quince Seeds. 

Dauci Radix, 
Carrot Root, 

Dauci SemYna, 
WUd Carrot Seeds. 
Digitalis FoUa et SemYoa, 
Leaves and Seeds ofpttrple 

Foxglove. 
DottcM Pubesy 
Cowkage. 

Dulc^marae Caulis, 
Stalk of Bittersweet, or 

woody Nightshade. 

Elaterli Pepdnes, 

Fruit of the wHd Cucumber. 

ElSmi, 

Elemi. 

Eupborblae Gummi-resina, 
27ie Ghtm^Resin ofEuphor' 
hium, 



Carbonas Calcis fMabtlis. 

Crocus sativus (AnglY- 

cus), 
The Stigmata. 

Piper Cubeba, 
The Berries. 
Cumlniim CymiDuin^ 
The Seeds. 
-Sulphas Cupri< 

Cusparia febrifiiga. 
The Bark. 

BONPLAND Voy. 

Pyrus Cydonla. 
The Seeds. 

Daucu's Carota (horten- 

sis). 
The Root. 

Daucus Carota (agrestis). 
The Seeds. 
Digitalis purpur&t. 
The Leaves and Seeds. 

DoHchos pruriens. 
The hair of the Pods. 
Solanum Dulcamara, 
The Stalk. 

Momordica ElaterYum, 
The fresh Fruit. 
Arof ris Elemif^ra, 
The Resin. 

Euphorbia officinSrum, 
77ie Gunh'Resin. 



12 



MATERIA MEDtCA. 



Farina, 

Fhwr, 

FemiiDy 

Iron, 

FiUcis Radix, 

Root of the nude Fern. 

Foeniciili SemYna, 
Seedt of Fennel, 

Fucus, 

Setp-vfrack, or bladder Fu- 

cut, 
Galb&ni Gummi-reslna, 
Gum^retin of Galbanum. 
Gallae, 
GaU-nuU. 
Gentians Radix, 
Root of Gentum, ^ 
GlycyrrhlzsB Radix, 
Root of Liquorice. 
Granati Cortex, 
Bark of the Pomegranate. 
Guai&ci Reslna et Lignum, 
Resin and Wood of Guaia- 

cum, 
Htematoxj^li Lignum, 
LoguH>od, 

Helenturo, 
JBlecampatie, 
HeUeb6ri foetitdi FoKa, 
Leaves of stinking Helle* 

bore. 
Hellebdri nigri Radix, 
Black Hellebore Root, 
Hord^i Semlna, 
Pearl Barley. 



Tritlcum hybernum. 
The Flour. 

Ferri Ramenta et Fila, 
Iron FiUngs and Wire. 
Aspidlum Filix mas. 
Smith, Flor. Brit, 
The Root. 

Anethum Foenicfilum, 
The Seeds. 
Fucus vesictilosus. 



Bubon Galb&num, 
The Gum-resin, 
Cynips Quercds folli, 
Tfie Nut, 
Gentiana lut&^ 
77u! Root. 
Glycyrrhlza glabra. 
The Root, 
PunYca Granatum, 
The Bark of the FrvU. 
Guai&cum officinale. 
Resin and Wood. 

Usematoxj^lon Campech- 

ianum. 
The Wood. 
Inttla Helenlum, 
The Root. 
Hellebdrus foetifdus. 
The Leaves, 

m 

Helleb^rus niger. 
Hie Root, 
Herds um di&tXchon, 
The Seeds husked. 



MATERIA ttBDICA. 



13 



HumiUi Stx6m, 

Hops, 

Hydrargfnim, 

Qmcksuver. 

Hyoscy&ni FolYa eC Semlna, 

Leaves and Seeds of Hen- 

hane, 
Jal&pae Radix, 
Moot of Jalap, 
Ipecaciianhae Radix, 
Moai of Ipecacuanha, 



Junip^ Baccffi et Cacu- 

mYoa, 
Juniper Berries and Tops, 
KJnOf' 
JS^ino, 

Krameriae Radix, 
Root ofKrameria, 
Lactuca, * 
Lettuce, 

Lavandiilse Flores, 
Flowers of Lavender, 
Lauri Baccse et Folta, 
Berries and Leaves of the 

Bay tree. 
Lichen, 
Iceland Moss, 
Limones, 
Lemons, 

Limonum Cortex, 
Bind of Lemons, 
Limonum Ol^iun, 
Oil of Lemons, 
Linum cathartYcum, 
Purging Flax* 

c 



Humfilns LQpfilus, 
The dried Strokes. 



Hyo8cy&mu8 nlgevy 
^Leaves and Seeds, 

Convolvulus Jal&pa, 

7%tf Boot. 

Callicocca Ipecaci&anha, 

BaoTERo, tft Act, Soc, 

Linn. 
The Root, 

Junip^rus communis. 
Berries and Tops, 

Pterocarpus Erinacea, 
The Extract. 

Encffcl. Method. 
Krameria triandra. 
The Root. {Flor.Peruv.) 
Lactuca satlva* 

Lavandula Spica, 
The Flowers. 
Launis nobYlis, 
Berries and Leanes, 

Lichen IsIandYcus* 

Citrus medYca, 

The Fruit. 

Their exterior rind. 

The essential oil of the 

outer rind, 
Linum cathartlcum« 



14 



MATERIA MBDICA. 



Lini untatiflsYmi SernXna, 
Common lAmeed. 
Magnesias Subcarbonas. 
Subcarbonate of Magnesia^ 
Magnets Sulphas, 
Sulphate rf Magnetio. 
Malya, 

Common Mallow, 
Manna, 
Mamuu 
Marmor album, 
WhUe Marble. 
Marrul^m, 
WhUe Horekmmd. 
MastlchOj 
Mastich. 
Mpl, 
Honey, 

MentDa piperita, 
Peppermini* 
* 

Mentha viilcUfl, 
Spearmint. 

Menj^anthes, 
Bucibean, 
Mezer^ Cortex, 
Bark qf Mezereon, 
Mori Baccse, 
Mulberries, 
Moschus, 
Musk, 

M^ristYoBB Nuclei, 
Nutmegs, 

Myrrha, 
Myrrh. 



Linum usitatkdmum. 
The Seeds. 
Subcarbonas Magneste. 

Sulphas Magnesise puri- 

ncata. 
Malva syivescris. 

Fraxinus Omus, 
The concrete Jtdce. 
Carbdnas Calcis dura. 

Mamibium vulgare. 

PistacYa Lentiscus, 
T^e Resin. 



Mentha piperita. 
Smith, in Act, Soc. 
Linn, 
Mentha viildiB. 

Smith, in Act, Soc. 
Linn. 
Men^antfaes trifoRSta. 

Daphne MezSHfum, 
The Bark of the Bod. 
Morus nigra, 
7%ff Berries. 
Moschus moschif^rus, 
A peculiar Concrete, 
Myristica moschata. 
The Nuts and their «?- 

pressed Oil. 
The Gum-resin of a tree 

not yet described. 



MATERIA MSDICA. 



15 



Olib^num, 
Olibanum, 
Olivae OtSuiDy 
OU of the Olive. 

Optuniy 



Opopanacis Gummi-r^sinay 
Gum-reM ofOpopanttg. 
Origanum, 
Commofi Marjormn* 

OVUIDy 

The Egf. 

Papav^ns Capsiilae, 

Ct^pnde$ qfihe wkiU Po^y* 

Petroleum^ 

Petroleum, 

Pimentse Btecae^ 

Piinenta Berri&t, 

Pip^ris longi Fructttfy 

Fruit of long Pepper, 

Pip^ris nigri fiaccte 

Biuck Pepper Berriet. 

Pix abietina» 

Burgundy Pitch, 

Pixliqulday 

Tar. 

Pix nigra. 
Black Pitch, 
Plumbi Subcarbonas, 
Subcarbonate of Lead. 
Piambi Oxj^dum semivi- 

tr^OD), 
Semi'Vitrified OMe of 
Lead. 



Junip^rus LydtgL, 
The Gum^reiin, 
OlSa £urQp<Bay 
Expressed OU of the 
Fruit. 

Papavo* somnif^riun. 
The concrete Juice of the 

vnripe Capsules {Tur* 

hei/). 
Pastinaca Opop&nax, 
The Gum^resin, 
Origanum vulgare. 

< 

Phasianiu Gallus, 
The Egg. 

Papaver somnif^nim. 
The ripe Capsyies* 



Myrtus Pimenta, 

The Berries. 

Piper longuni, 

The unripe Fruit dried. 

Piper nigrum. 

The Berries, 

Pinus Abies, 

The prepared Resin, 

Pinus sylyetlris, 

7^ liqudd prepared 

Resin, 
Pinus sylvestris. 
The soUd prepared Resin. 
Subcarbonae Plumbi. 



c2 



16 



MATSRI/k MBBICA. 



Porri Radix, 

Boot of the Leek, 

Potassae Nitras, 

Nitrate of Patau. 

Potassse Sulphas, 

Svlphate of. Potass, 

Potassse Supertartras, 

Supertartrate of Potass, 

Potassa impura. 

Impure Potass, 

Priina, 

Prunes, 

Pterocarpi Lignum, 

Red Saunders Wood, 

Pulegium, 

Pennyroyal, 

Pyrethri Radix, 

Root of the Pellitory of 

Spain. 
Quasste Lignum, 
QMOsna Wood. ' 
Quercds Cortex, 
Bark of the Oak. 
Resina flava'. 
Yellow Resin. 



Rhamni Baccae, 
Buckthorn Berries. 
Rhei Radix, 
Root of Rhubarb. 
Rh<£&dos Pet&la, 
Petals of the red Poppy. 
Rictni OlSum et Semlna, 
Castor Oil and Seeds. 

Rosse canlnse Pulpa, 
J*ulp of the Dog-rose. 
(The hip.) 



AlKum Ponrum, 
TheRoot, 
NitrasPotassse purificata. 

Sulphas Potassae. 

Supertartras Potasses pu- 
rificata. 

Subcarbonas Potassae im- 
punu 

Prudus domestlca. 

The dried FrwL 

Pterocarpus santallnns. 

The Wood. 

Mentha Pul^um. 

AnthSmis Pyrethrum, 
The Root. 

Quassia excelsa. 

The Wood. 

Quercus pedunculata. 

The Bark. 

Pinus sylvestris, 

TTie r endue l^ after the 

Oil of Turpentine has 

been distilled, 
Rhamnus cathartlcus. 
The Berries. 
Rheum palmatum. 
The Root, 
P&paver Rhoeas. 
T^e Petals, 
Ridnus communis. 
The Seedsy and the OH 
expressedfrom them. 
Rosa canlna. 
The expressed Pulp of 

the Berries. 



MATSmiA MSmCA. 



17 



Rosar centijblte Pe^la; 
Petals of the Jktmtuk Bote, 
Rosse Galttcae Petala, 
Petals of the Bed Rose, 
Rosm&rini Cacumtna, 
Tops of Rosemary, 
Rublae Radix, 
Madder Boot, 
Rutas Folia, 
Leaves of ^ue. 
Sabinae FoUa, 
Leaves ofSavhe, ^ 
SacchSrum, 
Moist Sugar, 
Sacch&rum purificitiun, 
Double Refined Sugar, 
SagapenuDiy 
SagapenuvL 
SalYcis Cortex, 
Bark of the Willow. 
Sambuci Flores, . 
Flowers of Elder, 
Sapo diirus. 
Hard Soap. 



'Rosa centifoUay 
The Petals. 
Rosa Gallica, 
The Petals. 

Rosmarinus officinalis, 
The Tops. 
Rubia Tinctorum, 
The Jtoot. 
Ruta gravedleos. 

Junip^rus Sablna. 
7%e Leaves. 



Sapo mollis, 
Soft Soap. 
Sars&p&rillae Radix, 
Root of SarsapariUa. 



I Saccb&ram officinale, 
> Preparations from the ex" 
I pressed Jtdce. 

The gum-retin of a plant 

not yet desdribed. 
Salix Capr&i, 
The Bark, . 
Saml^ucus nigra, 
The Flowers. 
Soap made from Oil of 

Olives and Soda {Spa^ 

fdsh). 
Soap made from Oil and 

Potass. 
Sflfulax Sars&p&rillay 
The Boot, 



Sassafras Lignum et Radix, Laurus Sass&fras, 
Wood and Boot of Sassafras. Wood and Boot. 
Scammon&eGummi-resIna, ConvolvdlusScammon^a 



Gum^retin of Scammony. 
Scillas Radix, 
Boot of the Squill, 
Senggae Radix, , . 
Boot of Senega. 
( Seneka orBattlesnakeBoot.) 

c 3 



The Gumrresin, 
ScilJa maritlma. 
The Boot, 
Pplygala Sen^gp^ 
The Boot. 



]8 



MATBftiA MBDICA* 



Sennae FoUa, 
Leaves of Senna. 
Serpentarls Radix, 
Serperdary {or Virginum 

Snake Root), 
Sevum, 

{Mutton) Suet 
Simaroubs Cortex, 
Smarovba Bark, 
Sinapis Semtna, 
Mtutard Seeds. 
Sodse Murlas, 
Muriate of Soda 
{Common Salt). 
Sodae Sub-boras, 
Sulhborate of Soda 
{Borax), 
Sodse Sulphas, 
Stdphate of Soda, 
Soda impura, 
Impure Soda. 
Spartti Cacumlna, 
Broom Tops, 
SpigelYse Radix, 
Root of the Indian Pink. 
Spirttus rectificatus. 
Rectified Spirit. 
Its specific gravity is to that 

ofDistUled Water as, S55 

to 1,000. 
Spiritus tenuYor, 
Proof Spirit. 
Its specific gravity is to that 

of D'utilled Water as,930 

to 1,000. 
SpongYa, 
i^onge. 



Cassia Senna, 
The Leaves. 

Aristolochla Serpentarifa, 
The Root, 

Ovis Aries, 
The Suet. 

Quassia Sim&rouba, 
The Bark. 
Sinapis nigra. 
The Seeds. 
Murlas Sodse. 



Sub-boras Sodse. 



Sulphas Sodse. 

Subcarbonas Sodse im" 

pura. 
Spartium scoparium. 
The Tops. 

Spigelia Marilandica, 
The Root, 



Spongla officinalis. 



MATERIA MBDICA. 



19 



Stannum^ Stanni LimatSra. 

Tm. 

StaphisagrlfaB Semlfna, DelphinlumStaphisagrt^^' 

Seeds of Stavesacfe, The Seeds^ 

Stramonti Semtna et FolTa, Datura StramontiiiD, 

Seeds and Leaves of StrO" Seeds and Leaves, 

fnOMUMm 



Styr&cis Bals&mum, 

balsam of Storax, 

Succlnum, 

Amber, 

Sulphur, 

Suh>hur, 

Sulphur sublimatum. 

Sublimed Sulphur, 

Tabaci Folia, 

Leaves of Tobacco. 



Tawi&nndi Pulpa, 

The Pulp of the Tamarind, 

Taraz&ci Radix, 

Soot of the DandeUon* 

TarUirum, 

TaHar. 

TerebinthYna Canadensis, 

Canadian Turpentine. 

Terebinthtna Chia, 

Qfprus TurpenUne, 

T^erebindiYna vulgaris. 

Common Tktrpentine, 

Terebintbtnae OlSum, 

Oil of Turpentine. 

(Ouster) Shells. 
TigKi OlSum, 
Oil ofTigHum (vulg. Croton 
OU). 



Styrax officinale, 
The Balsam, 



Nicotiana Tab^um, 
The dried Leaves 
( Virginian), 
Tam^indus Indica, 
The Pulp of the Pod. 
Leontddon Taraxacum, 
The Root, 
Potassae Supertartras 

impura. 
Pinus ^alsam^a. 
The liquid Resin, 
Pistacia Terebinthus, 
77ie liquid Resin, 

I Pinus sylvestris, 

>The liquid Resin and the 

I Oil distilled from it, 

Ostrea edulis. 
The SheUs, 
Croton TiglYum. 
The Oil expressed from 
the Seeds, 



80 



MATERIA MSmCA. 



Tormentillfle Radix, 
Boot of TormentU. 

ToxYc6dendrifolYa, 
Leaves of Sumach, 
Trag&caatha, 
TVagacanth, 



Tussilago, 
CoUtfoot, 

Valerians Radix, 
Root of Valerian. 

Veratri Radix, 

Root of White HeUehore. 

Ulmi Cortex, 

Bark of the Elm. 

Uvae passse, 

Raisins. 

Uvae Ursi Folia, 

Leaves of the Wortleberti/, 

Zincum, 

Zinc, 

ZingKb^ris Radix, 

Ginger Root, 



Tormentilla ofiBeinalis, 
The Root. 

Smith, Flor,.Rrit, 
Rhus Toxicodendron, 
The Leaves. 
AstriHg&lus yeru8» 

Or I VIE R, Toy. dam 
PJUmpire OtUm, 
The Gum, 
Tussilago Farfara. 

Valeriana officinalis, 

(sylvestris). 

The RoU. 

Veratrura albnm. 

The Root. 

Ulmus campestris. 

The inner bark, 

Vitis vinifer^, 

The prepared Berries. 

Arbiitus Uva Ufbi, 

The Leaves. 



ZingKber officinale, 
RoscoE, in Act. Soc. 
Liig, 
The Root. 



PRJEPARATA ET COMPOSITA. 
PREPARATIONS AND COMPOUNDS. 



ACIDA. 
ACIDS. 



ACIDUM ACETICUM DILtJTUM. 
DILUTE ACETIC ACID. 

$t> Of Recipe take coDgium a gallon Aceti of 
Vinegar ; 

Destiilet Acjdum aceticum dilutum lei the 
dilute acetic Acid distily baln^o in a bath areDse 
of sand, ex from retortft vitrei a glass retort in 
vito vitreum a glass receptaculuni receiver et and 
frigefaQtum made cool ; turn then primo the first 
octario pint rejeclo being rejected, serva keep sex 
the six octanos pints proxim^ next destillatos 
distilled. 

The dilute acetic acid by distillation is freed from the 
niucilage, wherein the colouring principle of common 
^negar resides, and which is the chief cause of its under- 
going decomposition when exposed to the air. The first 
pint distilled is ordered to be rejected, on account of its 
containing a portion of alcohol. 

ACIDUM BENZOICUM. 

BENZOIC ACID, 

Recipe take librain.a pound Benzoi ni of Benzoin ; 



22 ACIDS. 

Imtniite /7M^ Benzoinum the Benzoin vasi vitreo 
into a glass vessel imposito placed in areas sand^ 
et and calore a heat treceDtesimi of the three 
hundredth gradCis degree adhibtto being applied 

,et and aucto increased paulatim gradually ^ sub- 
lima sublime donee until nihil nothing ampliiis 
more ascendat rises; quod that which est is 
sublimatum sublimed comprime compress, invo- 
lutum folded chartft bibul4 in blotting-paper, ut 
that separetur it may be separated k from parte 
oleosd the oily part ; dein then sublima sublime 
iterum again, calore the heat non not aucto being 
increased ultra beyond quadringentesimum the 

four hundredth gradum degree* 

The above mode of preparing benzoic acid by sublima- 
tion alone, is similar to that laid down by the Dublin Col- 
lege, and is far less tedious than the humid process recom- 
mended in the last edition of the London Fharmacopoeia. 

Benzoic acid, when perfectly freed from the volatile oil 
of the gum resin, is in the form of a white powder, consist^ 
ingofvery fine acicular or needle shaped crystals, which 
have a beautiful and silky appearance, and are so e^trenaeiy 
ductile as tq be capable of being kneaded or nibbed into a 
mass* 

ACIDUM CITRICUM. 

CITRIC ACID. 
Recipe take octanum a pint Sncci of the Juice 
Limonum of Lemons ; unciam an ounce prsepa- 
rate of prepared Cretee Chalky vel or quantum 
as much as sit may be satis sufficient ad to 
saturandum saturate Succum the Juice ; novem 
nine fluiduncias ^U2<i ounces Acidi sulphunci 
diluti of diluted sulphuric Acid. 

Adjice add Cretam the chalk paulatim gradually 
Succo to the juice Limdnum of Lemons fervefacto 



ACIDS, 23 

made hot ct and misce mix $ turn iken efifunde 

pour o^Hqu5rem the liquor, Abliie wash Citratem 

the Citrate Caleb qf Lime^ quae which rem&net 

remains^ tepidi with tepide^i y>ater ssepius often 

rendvata renewed; dein then sicca dry. Turn 

then superinfunde pour dilutum the diluted sul- 

phuricum sulphuric Acidum Acid exsiccato to the 

dried pnlv^ri powder^ et and coque boil per for 

sextam this sixth partem part hor» of an hour* 

Exprime express liquocem the liquor fortiter 

strongly per through linteum linen, et and c5la 

strain per through chartam paper. Consume 

^aporate colaium the strained [liquor'] lent with 

a gentle calore htat, adeo so ut that, dum whilst 

frigesdt it cools, crystalK crystals fiant may he 

fbtmed. Liqua dissolve crystaUos ihe crystals 

it^rum again et and terti6 a third tim^ in aqqi in 

water, ut that sint they may be purtB pure, que and 

cola strain earn i< (i. e. the solution) toties as o^en 

(i. e. thrice) ; decdque boU down et and sepone 

set aside* 

An insoluble d<nx^ tfKme is first formed by the union 
of the citric acid contained in the lemon juice, with tha 
Umeofllie chalk, while the carbonic acid of the chalk Is 
given off as gas. The sulphuric acid next, from its greater 
affinity for the lime, unites with it, and a predpitate of 
Wlphate of lime is formed, whilst the citric acid is set free 
and held in solution; The evaporation then produces 
crystals. 

ACYDUM MURIATICUM. 

MUJtIATIC ACJD. 

R^oipe take duas iu>o libraa poinds exsiccatas of 
dried Mumtis Muriate Sod« of Soda ; viginti 



24 ACIDS. 

twenty uncias ounces (pohdere by weight) suU 
phurici of sulphuric Acidi Acid; octarium a 
pint cum t&i^^- Bemisse half (a pint) destillatse 
of distilled Aquae Water ; 

Frius first misce mix Acidum the Acid cum 
with dimidio half octario a pint Aqued of Water in 
vitrea in a glass retortdl retort^ et and his to 
these, ubi when refrixerint they shall have cooled, 
adjice add Muriatetn the Muriate Sods of Soda, 
Infunde pour quod that which est is reliquum left 
Aqudi of the Water in receptaciilum into a receiver; 
turn then, retort^ the retort aptatH being fitted, 
transeat let pass over muriaticum the muriatic 
Acidum Acid destillatum distiUed ex from balneo 
a bath arense of sand in hanc into this aquam 
water, caldre the heat aucto being increased 
gradatim gradually, donee until retorta the retort 
rubescat grows red. 

Specificum the specific pondus gravity muriatici 
of muriatic Acidi Acid est is ad to specificum the 
specific pondus gravity destillatae q/*(i»^iZ2e(i Aquse 
water, ut a« 1.160 ad to 1.000 — [mille one thou' 
sand centum one hundred et and sexaginta sixty 
(partes parts sunt are) ad to mille one thow 
sond.^ 

Centum a hundred et and viginti quatiior 

twenty-four grana grains Crystallorum qf the 

Crystals Subcarbonatis of the Subcarbohate Sods 

of Soda saturantur are saturated ab by centum 

<f hundred granis grains hujus of this acidi acid. 

It was customary to account for the changes in the above 
process, by saying— tiiat the muriate of soda becomes de- 
composed by the greater affinity of the sulphuric acid fan the 
soda : that the muriatic acid being thus dis^gagrd, passes 



ACIDS. 25 

orer into the receiver, and is condensed by the water, leaT- 
log a sulphate of soda in the retort. 

But according to Sir H. Davy, common salt is a com- 
pound of cA^onne and sodtum, containing neither muriatic 
add nor soda; therefore the water of the sulphuric add is 
decomposed, its oxygen unites to the sodium forming soda, 
which combines wiUi the sulphuric acid, and forms sSdphate 
of soda ; whilst the chlorine unites with the hydrogen of the 
water and produces muriatic add gas ; which is condensed 
by the water in the receiver, and converted into the liquid 
acid. 

ACIDUM NITRICUM. 

NITRIC ACID. 

Recipe take exsiccatse of dried Nitratis Nitrate 
Potassse of Potass; {and) sulphurici of sulphuric 
Acidi Addy singulorum of each duas two llbras 
pounds (pondSre by weight) ; 

Misce mix in vitrei in a glass retortd retort ; 
'turn then destillet Acidum nitricum let the nitric 
Acid distil balneo in a bath aren», of sand, donee 
until ruber a red vapor vapour prodeat be pro' 
duced. Dein then, adject^ having cast insiiper 
thereon unci& an ounce exsiccatse of dried Nitratis 
^^ra^e Potaasffi of Potass, Acidum destillet let the 
Add distil itenim again eodem in the same modo 
manner, 

Specificum the specific pondus gravity nitnci 
of nitric Acidi Add est is ad to specificum the 
specific pondus gravity destillatse of distiUed Aqute 
wafer ut as 1.500 ad to 1.000 — [mille one thou- 
sand, quingentse Jtve hundred (paries parts sunt 
are) ad to mille one thousand (ptkrtes parts) .} 

D 



26 ACIDS. 

Ducenta two hundred et and dttOdecim tweh>€ 
grana grains Crystalldrum of the cryHals Subcar- 
bonatis of the Subcarbonate Sodae of Soda satu- 
rantur are saturated ab by centum a hundred 
graais grains hujus of this acidi acid» 

The sulphuric acid uniting with the potass forms a bisvt- 
phate of potass, which remains in the retort, while the nitric 
acid, thus set at liberty, combines, and is brought orer bv 
distillation with the water of the sulphuric acid. 

ACIDUM NITRXCUM DILUTUM. 
X>IL UTED NITRIC ACID, 

Recipe take fluidunciam a fluid ounce nitrici of 
nitric Acidi Acid ; novem nine fluiduncias^uid 
ounces destillats of distilled Aquae fVater; 

Misee mix, 

ACIDUM SULPHURICUM PILtJTUM. 

niL UTED SULPHURIC ACID, 

Recipe take fluidunciam a fluid ounce cum wiih 

semisse half {an oz,) sulphuric! of sulphuric 

Acidi Acid; quaXwordeciin fourteen fluidunciaa 

Jluid ounces cum with semisse half {an oz,) des- 

tillatae of distilled Aquae Water ; 

Adjice add Acidum the Acid Aquae to the Water 
paulatim by little and little ; tum then misce mix, 

'"Sulphuric acid having a very great affinity for water, so 
considerable an increase of temperature is produced during 
their combination, that if care be not taken, the mixture 
will crack the vessel in which it is made. The add must 
be added to th^ water by a litde at a time. 



ACIDS. 27 

AClDlTM TABTARlCUM. 

TARTARIC ACID. 

Recipe take duas two libras pounds cum mth se- 
misse half {a pound) Supertartratis of the Su' 
pertartrateFotsissed of Potass } tres three congios 
gallons ferventis of boiling Aquae destillatse diS' 
tilled water ; libram a pound CreUe preparatse 
of prepared Chalk ; libram a pound Acidi sul- 
phunci of Sulphuric Add. 

Coque boil Supertartratem the Supertartrate 
Pota8$8& of Potass cum with duobus two congiis 
gallons Aquffi destillatse of distilled fVater, et and 
adjice add paulatim gradually Cretam pneparatam 
the prepared Chalk, donee tmtil buUiilfie bubbles 
non no ampliits more excitentur are excited : se- 
pone set aside ut Ikat Tartras the Tartrate Calcis 
of Lime subsidat may subside : efiunde pour off 
liquorem the liquor, et and abiiie wash Tartratem 
the Tartrate Calcis of Lime Kspihs frequently Aqu& 
destillatA with distilled fVeUer, donee until sit it 
be expers devoid saporis of taste* Turn then &u* 
perinfunde pour thereon Acidum sulphurKcum the 
sulphuric Acid, dilutnm diluted congio with a 
gallon ferventis of boiling AquBd destillatse distilled 
Water, et and sepone set {it) aside per for viginti 
twenty quattior four horas hours agitans shaking 
{it) %\x\3mdh frequently. Cola strain liquorem the 
iiquor, et and consume evaporate {it) balneo 
aquoso in a water bath ut that crystalli crystals 
fiant may be formed. 

The superabundant acid of the supertartrate uniting with 
Ae lime of the chalk and eypelHng the carbonic acid in 
the state of gas^ forms a precipitate of tartrate tf Hme ; 

D 2 



28 ALKALIES AMD THEIR SALTS. 

this is decomposed on adding the sulphuric acid, wfaidi has 
a superior affinity for the Kme, and a sulphate cfUme is 
produced ; whilst the tartaric acid being set free, is held in 
solution and crystallized. 

ALEILIA ET EORUM SALES. 
ALKALIES AND THEIR SALTS. 



AMM6NI^ StJBCARB6NAS*» 
SUBCARBONATE OF AMMONIA, 

Recipe take libram a pound Muriatis of the 
Muriate Ammonise of Ammonia ; libram a pound 
cum with semisse half {a pound) preparatse of 
prepared Cretse Chalk exsiccatse dried } 

Tere rub (them) in pulverem intQ a powder 
separatim separately ; tum then misce mix, et and 
sublmia subUme, calore the heat aucto being ift- 
cr eased jisiilktim gradually, donee until retorta the 
retort rubescat grows red. 

Muriatic acid, which enters into composition with the 
muriate of ammonia, has already been described as a 
compound of hydrogen and chlorine: — the lime of the 
chalk consists of oxygen and calcium. Therefore, the hy- 
drogen of the muriatic acid and the oxygen of the lime 
uniting, form vxiter / whilst the chlorine of the muriatic 
acid and the calcium of the lime together, produce chloride 
^ calcium, which is left behind unaltered by the heat: 
The carbonic acid of the lime being thus set free, unites 
with the ammonia of the muriate* forming carbonate of 
amnumia, which rises and b condensed with the water. 

* Observe, the alkaline Salts are not, properly speaking, 
neutral; therefore, when the Alkali is in excess, the syllable 
sub is added ; but when super is prefixed to the quidity of 
a Salt, the Acid predominates. 



* ALKALIES AKfi iTHBm SALTS. 29 

LIQUOR OF AMMONIA, 

Recipe take octq eight uncias ounces Muriatis of 
the Muriate Ammdniee ofuimmonia ; sex six uncTas 
ounces recentis of fresh Calcis Lime ; quatuor 
four octarios pints Aquae of Water ; 

Superinfiinde pour octartum a pint Aqa« of the 
fVater Calci #o the Lime ; turn then contege cover 
vas the ^)€ssely et and sepone set (it) aside per /or 
boram an hour ; dein th&fi adjice add Muriatem 
the Muriate Ammonia of Ammonia ^t and re- 
liquam the remaining Aquam Water prius first 
ferTefectam made hot^ et and contege cover vas 
tlie vessel iterum again ; cola strain liquorem the 
Uquor postquam after refrixerit it shall have 
cooled ; turn then destillent let there distil duo^ 
decim twelve fiuidunciae fluid ounces Liquoris of 
the Liquor hvavRomfn of Ammonia minio recepta- 
culum a receiver, calor the heat cujus of which non 
Buperet does not exceed quinquagesimum the 
fiftieth sradum degree, 

Specificum the specific pondtts gravity Xiiquori» 
of the Liquor Ammonies of Ammonia est is ad to 
pondus the weight destillatse of distilled Aqua? 
Water ut as 0.960 ad to 1 .000 — [nongent® nine 
hundred et sexaginta and sixty (partes parts sunt 
are) ad to mille one thousand psxtes parts']. 

The lime, having the greater aflSnity for the muriatic acid 
contained in the muriate of ammonia, attracts it, forming a 
muriate of time, whilst the ammonia uniting with the water 
lb held in solution, 

D 3 



30 ALKALIBS AND THEIR SALTS. 



LIQUOR AMMONIA ACETATIS. 
LIQUOR OcF ACETATE OF AMMONIA. 

Recipe take duas two uncias ounces Subcarbonatis 
of the Subcarbonate AmmoDise of Ammonia ; 
quatiior /oMr octarios pints Acidi acetici diluti 
of dilute acetic Acid, vel or quantum a« much 
as sit may be satis s^iffident; 

Adjice add Acidum the Acid Subcarbonati to 
the Subcarbonate Ammdnise of Ammonia, douec 
until buUiilae bubbles excitentur are excited dob 
no ampliiis longer, et and misce mix. 

The acetic acid of the vinegar, uniting with the ammo- 
nia, forms an cxetate of ammonia dissolved in vrater. 
Eflervescence takes place during the -process, occasioned 
b^ the escape of the carbonic add gas. 

LIQUOR AMMONIJE SUBCARBONATIS. 
LIQUOR OF SUBCARBONATE OF AMMONIA. 

Recipe take quatuor /our uncias ounces Subcar* 
bonatis of the Subcarbonate Animdnias of Am" 
mania ; octarium a pint destillatse of distilled 
Aquae Water i 

Liqua dissolve Subcarbonatem the Subcarbonate 
Ammdnise of Ammonia in Aqud' in the Water, et 
and cd\?i strain per through cbartam paper. 

Merely a solution of the salt in water. 

LIQUOR POTASSJE. 
LIQUOR OF POTASS. 

Recipe take libram a pound Subcarbonatis of. the 
Subcarbonate Fotassae of Potass^ dimidiam 



ALKALIES AND THEIB SALT6. 31 

half llbram a pound Calcis reoentis of fresh 
Lime ; congium a gallon ferventb of boUing 
Aquae destilTatae distilled Water } 

Liqua dissolve Potassam the Potass in dudbus in 
two octariis pints Aquae oftfie Water, Adjice add 
quod that which est is reliquum left Aquae of the 
Water CvAci to the Lime. Misce mix calentes the 
heated liquores liquors inter dfnong se themselves 
[i. e. together"] ; turn then sepoae set aside in 
clauso in a covered vase vessel, et and, postquam 
_ (ifter refrixerint they shall have cooled, cola strain 
f" ^J)er through gossipmum cotton pannum cloth* 

J Si if quodlibet any diiutum diluted Acidum Add 

^ instillatum dropped in excitet excite bulliiias bub- 

bles, oportebit it will be necessary adjicere to add 

plus more Calcis of the Lime, et and colare to filter 

iterum again. 

Octarius a pint hujus Liqu5ris of this Liquor 
debet ought pendere to weigh sexdecim sixteen 
uncias ounces. 

The lime deprives the subcarbonate of potass of its car- 
bonic add, leaving the potass in solution. If not care-' 
fully preserved, it will very rapidly attract carbonic add 
from the atmosphere. Cotton cloth is used for a filter be- 
cause it is not acted upon by the potass. 

LIQUOR POTASSiE SUBCARBONATIS* 

LIQUOR OF THE SUBCARBONATE OF POTASS. 

Recjpe take libram a pound Subcarbonatis of tfie 
Subcarbonate Potassae of Potass ; duodecim 
twelve fluiduncias/]iu2 ounces destUlatae of dis- 
HUed Aqxidi Water ; 



it ALKALIB6 AtfD f«BIR SALTS* 

Liqua diUsoft^eSulfearboiiiSkteiii the Svhcarhmatt 
Potassse of Potass in Aquft in the Water, ct and 
cola strain per t/irough chartam paper, 

Merdy a solution of the AlkalK 

POTASSA CUM CALCE. 

TOT ASS WITH LIME. 

JRecipe take tres three octarios pints Liquorts of 
the Liquor Potassee of Potass ; libram a pound 
recentis of fresh Calcis Lime ; 

Dec5que 6oi/ down lAquorem the Liquor Potassie 
of Potass ad to octarium a pint ; dein then adjice 
add Cakem the Lime, resolutam slaked Aqu^ hy 
fVater SiffvLsk being poured thereon, et and diligen- 
ter diligently misce mix. 

The potass and lime are here mechanically mixed ; and 
Ihefbimeris rendered less deliquescent by its union with 
the latter, and thereby becomes more manageable as an 
escharotic. 

POTASSA FUSA. 
FUSED POTASS, 

Recipe take congium a gallon Liquoris of the 
Liquor Potassee of Potass ; 

Consfkhe eDoporafe Aquam the Water in nitido in 
a clean ferr^ iron vase vessel ad ignem upon ihe 
fire, donee until, ebullitione the ebullition finM 
being finished^ Potassa the Potass liquef lat becomes 
melted : efiunde pour banc this super upon fer- 
iream an iron laminam plate in into idoneas conve- 
nient formas moulds. 



JLLKALIRS ANJD TIIBtR SALTS. 33 



POTASS^ ACETAS. 
ACETATE OF POTASS, 

Recipe lake libratn a pound Subcarbonatis oftlie 
Subcarbonate Potasse of Potass; duos two 
octarios piHis fortioris of the stronger Acidi 
acetici acetic Acid; duos two octarios pints 
ferventis of boiling Aqus destillatae (Ustilledt 
water ; 

Adjice cuid Acidum the Add priila first com- 
mixtum mixed cum with Aqu^ the Water Subcar- 
bouati to the Subcarbonate Potassse of Potass, 
donee until bulltilse bubbles non no amplii^ longer 
excitentur are excited, et and cola strain. Con- 
sume evaporate liqudrem the liquor primb frst 
in balneo aquoso in a water^bath donee until 
ebuUitio ebuUitiou cessaverit shall have ceased. 
D^n then exp5ne expose {it) calori to a heat gra- 
datim gradually aucto increased^ et and consume 
evaporate (it) it§rum again donee until pellicula 
a pellicle supern&tet swims on the top; exsicca 
dry pelliciilam the pellicle ablatam taken off super 
upon bibulam bibulous chartam paper, Consu- 
niatur liquor let the liquor be evaporated it^rum 
again et and sg^piUs freqtiently, et and aufer take 
offet and exsicch dry pelliciilam the pellicle eddem 
in the same modo manner. 

The acetic acid, attracted by the potass, forms acetate of 
potass in a state of solution : efienrescence takes place occa- 
noned by the caving off of the carbonic acid gas. 



34 ALKALIES AND TlIEiR SALTS. 



POTASS^ CARBONAS. 
CARBONATE OP POTASS. 

Hecipe take congtum a gallon Liquoris of the 
Liqiior Subcarbonatis of the Subcarbonate 
Fotassae of Potass ; 

Transmitte pass Acidum Garbonicum carbonic 
jSdd per through Liqudreni the Liquor Subcarbo- 
\iatis of the Subcarbonate Potassae of Potass in 
idoneo in a proper vase vessel ad to plenam a 
full saturatidnem saturation, et and cola strain. 
Vap^et liquor colatus let the strained liquor Eva- 
porate ut that crystalli crystals fiantmay biformedf 
cavendo taking care ne lest calor the heat excedai 
should exceed centesimum the hundred et and fi- 
geslmum twentieth gradum degree. Liqudre the 
liquor efiuso being poured off^ exsicca dry has these 
super upon chartam bibiilain blotting paper. 

Acidum carbonicum oarbonic Add obttnetur w 

obtained facillim^ very easily k from Marmdre 

albo white Marble et and Acido sulphurico diliito 

dilute sulphuric Acid, 

This Bait is here simply formed hy causing a current of 
carbonic acid to pass through a solution of subcarbonate of 
potass : in the last edition of the London Pharmacopceia 
(Which see) a solution of subcarbonate of potass was sa- 
turated bj the carbonic acid, given off from a certain 
portion of subcarbonate of ammonia. 

POTASSiE SUBCARBONAS. , 
THE SUBCARBONATE OF POTASS. 

Recipe take tres three libras pounds contritee sf 
powdered impuree impure Potassie Potass ; tres 



ALIULlSa AND TH81A SALTS. ' 35 

three octanos ptnis ferventis of boilmg Aqnm 
Water cum w\th semisae ha\f (a pint) ; 

Liqjua dissolve Potassam the Potass in Aqu^ in 
the Water ^ et ajdd cola strain ^ turn then efiunde 
pour off in into nitidum a clean ferreum iron vas 
vessel, et and consume evaporate Aquam the Wa^ 
ier lento by a slow igne Jire, ut that liquor the liquor 
ispissescat ma?j thicken ; dein then^ igne the fire sub- 
ducto heing remoped^ move stir {the liquor) assidu^ 
constantly ferret with an iron spath& spatula, donee 
until Sal the Salt abeat /onus in parvula in small 
grana grains. 

Subcarbdnas Subcarbonate Potass® of PotasM 
potest may praeparari be prepared eodem in the 
same raodo manner ex from Tartaro Tartar, quod 
which fu&rit shall hwoe been pn^ first ustum bumt^ 
donee until sit t^ he cinerei of an ashy coldris 
colour. 

Merely subcarbonate of potass sepantod in sttm? measure 
fif ODOi its impurities and eraporated* 

POTASS-E SULPHAS. 
SULTHATIi OF POTASS. 

Recipe take Salis of the Salt qui which restat re* 
inains post after destillationem the distillation 
nitnci of nitric Adfdi Add duas two libras 
pounds^ ferventis of boiling Aquoe Water duos 
two congios gallons ; 

Misce mir, ut that Sal the Salt tiquetur may- be 
dissolved} turn then SLdjice add Subcarboriatis o/" 
the Subcarbonate Potassas of Potass quod that 
which sit may be satis sufficient ad <o saturandum 



36 ALKALIES AKO THEIR SALTS, 

saturate Acidum the Acid* Dein then coqne hoil 
don€C uiM pellicula a pelUcle supern&tet swim$ 
upon (the top,) et and, ubi when colaveris you shall 
have strained {it), sepone set (it) aside, ut that 
crystalli crystals fiant may he formed. Efiuso 
having poured off liquore the liquor, exsicca dry 
has these super upon bibuiam bibulous chartam. 
paper* 

Tlie potass here Dentnliaes the excess of sulphuric acid, 
which remains in the salt after the distiUation of nitric add 
(see nitric add), changing the salt from a bisutphote to a 
nUphate ofpotait* During the process the carbonic acid 
gas is giyen off. 

POTASSwSi SUPERSULPHAS.* 

SUPEUSULIPHATE OF POTASS. 

Recipe take ^alis of the Salt qui which restat re- 
fnains post after destillatidnem the distillation 
nitrici of nitric Acidi Acid duas two libras 
pounds; ferventis of boiling Aqux ^a^er quatiior 
four octarios pints ; 

. Misce mix, ut that Sal the Salt liquetur may be 
dissolved, et and c51a strain, Dein then coque 
. boil (it) ad to dimidium one half, et and sepone 
set (it) aside, ut that crystalli crystals fiant may be 
farmed, Liquore the liquor eSu&o being poured 
off, exstcca dry has these super upon bibuiam bi- 
bulous chartam paper. 

After reading the note following ftUtie acid, the inten- 
tion of this last preparation is self-evident. 

• See Note, p. 28. 



iLKALlBS AND TH£IR SALTS. 37 

POTASS^ TARTRAS. 

TARTRATE OF POTASS. 

Redfpe take sedScim sixteen unclas ounces Sub* 
carbonatis of the Subcarbonate Potasss of 
Potass ; tres three libras pounds Supertartratis of 
the Supertartrate Potassse of Potass ; congiiim a 
gallon ferventis of boiling Aquae Waiter ; 

Liqua dissoloe Subcarbonatem the Subcarbo^ 
nate Potasss of Potass in Aqu& in the Water $ 
turn then adjice add Supertartratem the Super* 
tartrate Potass® of Potass tritam rubbed in into 
pulv^rem a powder^ donee until bullulse hubbies 
aon no amplius longer excitentur are excited. 
Cola strain liquorem ihe liquor per through char- 
tam paper ; dein then coque boil donee untU 
pellicula a pellicle supern&tet swims upon (the 
top), et and sepone . set asidef ut that crystalli 
crystcds fiant may be formed, Liquore the liquor 
effvLso haoing been poured q^, exsicca dry has these 
super upon bibulam bibulous chartam paper. 

Tbe potMSy iumng ten affinity for caiiiotiic than for tar- 
taric add, q|Uls ilie f^fraaer and it taken up by the super- 
abundant acid of the supertartrate of potass, whilst the 
eMbcmic add eicapesy ooeaaimung efl^eicence to tidce 
place. 

Tartrate of Potass is met with in shops in form of a white 
granular powder, which is obtained by evaporating to diy- 
ness, fre^ently stirring. 

SODM CARBONAS. 

CARBONATE OF SODA. 

Recipe lake libram a pound Subcarbonatis qf the 
Subcarbonate Sddss of Soda ; tres three octarios 
pints Aquse destillate of distilled Water ; 

B 



38 ALKALIES AND THBIR SALTS. 

Liqua dusolve Subcarbonatem ^the Subcarbo- 
nate Sod» of Soda ittAquft destillata in the dis- 
tUled iDoter. Dein then transmitte pass Acidum 
carbonicum carbonic acid per through liquorem 
the liquor in idoneo in a proper vase vessel ad to 
plenam a full saturationem saturation, et and 
sepone set aside ut 4hat crystalli crystaU fiant tnajf 
he formed. Exsicca dry crystallos the crystals 
involutas /oWed et and compressas compressed 
charts bibiiia in blotting paper. Consume evapo- 
rate liquorem reliquum the remaining liquor, ca- 
vendo taking care ne lest calor the heat excedat 
should exceed centesimum the hundred et and vi- 
•gesimum twentieth gradum degree, ut that crys- 
talU crystals prodeant may be produced iterum 
again. Exsicca dry et a)^d comprime compress 
has these eodem modo in the same manner* 
■ Compare £be above process with that of Potaua Carhonas, 
which is exactly similar. 

SOD^ SUBCARBONAS. 
SUBCARBONATE OF SODA. 

Recipe take libraro a pound impiiraB of impure 
Sodse Soda tritae rubbed in into pulverem a 

' powder ; quatiior/oMf ocUrios pints ferventis of 
boiling destillata distilled Aqu© Water ; 

Coque boil Sodam the Soda in Aqu4 in the Water 
per /or dimidlam half horBxn an hour, et and cola 
strain. Hac Y&poret ?€* t/iw evaporate ad fo duos 
<ioo octarios pints, et and aeponatur be set asidi^, 
ut i/w< crystalli crystals fiant way be formed ; r^ice 
r^'ect superstitem (^ rem(ming liquorem liquor* 



ALKALIES AMD THEIR SALTS. 39. 

SOD^ SUBCARBdNAS EXSICCATA* 
DRIED SUBCARBONATE OF SODA. 

Jlecipe take lil^rain a pound Subcarbonatis of iha 
Subcarhonate Sods of Soda ; 

Adhibe apply ferveDtem a boiling calorem Jieat 
Sabcarbonati to the Subcarhonate Sodse of Soda, in 
nitido in a clean ferreo iron vase vessel, donee until 
ezsiccetur it be dried pSnitiis thoroughly ; que and 
mo?e stir earn it assidu^ carefully simul together 
ferred with an iron spath^ spatula, DeniquQ 
lastly^ tere rub (it) in into pulverem a powder. 

The heat here employed deprives the alkali of its w^ter 
of aystallisation. 

• 4 

SODJE SULPHAI^. 

SULPHATE OF, SODA, 

Recipe take duas two llbras pounds Salis of the 
Salt qui which restat remains post after desttlla-t 
tionem the disHlkUion munatifci of muriatie 
Acidi Add / duos two octarios pints cum with 
semisse half (a pint) ferventis of boiling: Aspum 
Water; . _ '■ 

Liqua dissolve Salem t?i€ Salt in Aqu^ in the 
Water ; turn then adjice add paulatim gradually 
Subcarbonatis of the Suhcarbonate Sods of Soda 
quod that which sit may be satis sufficient ad to 
saturandum saturate Aciduih the Add, Decdque 
boil down donee until pellicula a pelUcle appareat 
appears, et and, ubi when cola?eris you shall have 
strained, sepone set asidCf ut that crystalli crystals 
fiant fnay be formed Exsicca dry has these super 

■ 2 



40 ALK.AL1B8 AND TUBIB SALTS* 

upon bibiilain bibulous chartam paper^ effuso 
liquore the water being poured of. 

Tlie salt left after the distillation of muriatic add is ml- 
pkate of soda [nee Acid. Muriatic] ; and in the abore 
process, the trifling excess of acid is neutralised by the soda 
of the subcartwnate. Compare this preparation with 
JFoUusa Sulphas. 

SODA TARTARIZATA. 
TAJtTABIZSD SODA. 

Recipe /a/re viginti twenty uocias ounces Subcar- 
bonatis of the Subcarbonate Sodce of Soda ; duas 
two libras pounds contntn of powdered Super- 
tartratis Supertartrate "Potaaatid of Potass; decern 
ten octarios pints ferventU of boiUng Aquse 
tTater^ 

Liqita dissolve Subcaibonatem the Subcarbo^ 
note Sods of Soda in AquI, in the Water , et and 
ad^ce add paulatim by degrees Supertartritem the 
Supertartrate PotasssB of Potass, Cola strata li- 
quorem the liquor per through cbartam />af)er ; 
tiim then ooque boil donee urUU pelliciila a pelUcle 
supemlltet swims, et and sepone set aside, ut that 
crystalli crystals fiant may be formed. Exsicca dry 
has these super upon bibiilam bibulous chattam 
paper, liquore the water efiuso having been poured 
off. 



The excess of add in the supertartrate of potass is here 
saturated by the soda of the subcarbonate, whilst the 
carbonic add is given off as gas ; and a triple salt, contain- 
ing potass, soda, and tartaric acid, is Ae result of the 
etaporation. 



EARTH Sy AND THBIR SALTS. 4V 

TERRiE, ET EaRUM SALES, 
EARTHS, AND THEIR SALTS. 



ALt^MEN EXSICCATUMr 

DRIED ALVU. 

Alumen li<^uescat lei the Alum dissolve in in 
fictiii an earthen vase vessel ad ignem over the fire ; 
tunl then ignis augeatur let the fire he increased 
donee vit/ifebuUitio the ebullition cessaverit shall 
have ceased. 

The alum is deprived of its water, of cryttallication by 
the beat. ; 

LIQUOR ALtJMlNIS COMPOSXTUS. 

COMPOUND LIQUOR OF ALUM. 

Recipe take Aluniinis of Alum ; Snlphatis of the- 
Sulphate Zinci of Zinc,- singoldrnm of each 
■dimidiam half unciam an ounce ; feryentis- of 
boiling Aquse Water duos two octanos pints i 

Liqua dissolve Alumen the Alum et and Suln 
phatem the Sulphate Zinci of Zinc simui together 
in Aqud in the Water } dein then cola strain per. 
through cfaartam paper* 

Alum and sulphate of sine in solution* 

CALX. 
LIJ££f 

Reii^if e take libram a potifuf Mann$ris ^Ihi of white 
marble f . ■» 

E 3 



48 S^BTHSj AN9 TBI^IR SALTfl. 

Contunde bruise (it) in frustiila in pieces et atid 
lire bum {it) per /or boram an hour in cructbulo in 
a crucible Bcernmowith a very Itot igne Jlre^ vel or 
donee untU Acidum carbonicum the carbonic Acid 
fiierit iliall be penitils thoroughly expulsum ex- 
pelledt adei «o ut <Aa< Acidum aceticum dilutum 
dilute acetic Acid adjectum being added excitet 
wott2d excite nuUas no bulliilas bubbles. 

The heat emplojred diives off the carbonic add. 

CALX E TESTIS. 
Xi3f£ FROM SHELLS. 

Eddem modo in the same mar^ner^ Calx Lime 
edam also fiat ma^ 6e made h from Testis Shells^ ' 

JjKHJJO^ CALGIS. ' 

LIQUOn OF LIME. 

Bedipe take s^ibram half a pound Calcis of Lime p 
dudd^im twelve octanos pimts ferventis of 
loUing destillatflB disHUed Aquje fVater ; 

Afiunde|}ot«r Aquam the Water Calci to the Lime 
ct and ftg^ta shake {them} simur^oge^^ ; turn then 
protinus immediately eontSge cover vas the vessel, 
et and ^pone set {it) aside per for tres three hora» 
hours ; dein then serva keep Liqu5rem tfte JUquor 
cum with supierstite the remaining Calce lAme in 
vitrSis in glass vasis vessels obturatis stopped, et 
and ubi when est it is utendum to be used, sume 
take GKfrom limpido the dear liquore liquor. 

If liae water b^ exposed to the air, it absorbs ourbooir 
add, and a pellide forms on the top^ which il on^ 



EA&THB, AMD THEIR SALTS. 4d' 

honate tfUme. The solution is direcWd tp stand upon the 
iime^ that it may be saturated as £Ss»t as this carbonate is 
formed. 

CALCIS Mt^RIAS. 

MURIATE OF LIME. 

Recipe take duas two llbras pounds Salis of the 
Salt qui which restat remains post after subli- 
matidnem the sublimation Subcarbonads of the 
Subcarbonate Ammoms qf Ammonia ; ocCarium 
a pint Aqutt of Water ; 

Misce mix et and cola strain per through 
cbartam papery v&poret liquor Ut the liquor 
evaporate donee until Sal the Salt exsiccetur be 
dried. Serva Iceep bunc this in vase in a vessel 
accural^ accurately obturato stopped. 

The salt which ronains after the sublimation of sub* 
carbonate of ammonia is chloride ofcaldumg this being, 
dissolved in Water, that fluid is decomposed, and muriate' 
of lime is formed in solution, which being evaporated, is 
again reduced to chloride of caldum^ 

Chlorides dissolved in water are converted into mu- 
riates ; and these by evaporation to dryness, again become 
chloride^. 

LIQUOR CALCIS MUEIATIS. 

LIQUOR OF MURIATE OF LIME. 

Recipe take duas two uncias ounces Muriatis of 
the Muriate Calcis of Lime ; tres three fluid*' 
uncias Jluid ounces destillatee of distilled Aquae 
Water. 

Li<][ua <Ussolve Muriatem the Muriate Calcis of 
Lime m Aqui in the Water, turn then cola strain^ 
per through cbartam paper. 



44- EARTHS, AND .THfifR SALTS. 

CRETA PRiEPARATA. 

PREPARED CHALKi 

Recipe take libram a pound Cretee of Chalk ; 

Adjice add pauliilum a little kf\osii Water Gretas 
to the Cludkj et and tere ruh (it) ut that fiat it may 
become subtiiis a iubtU pulvis powder. Conjice 
cast hunc this in into amplum a large vas vessel 
plenumJUled Aqu& with fVater ; turn then agita 
shake {it)y et and, bre?i a short morll delay in- 
terposTtE having interposed, transmitte transmit, 
(or pour) supern&tantem the supernatant aquam 
water adhuc as yet turbidam turbid in into aliud 
another vas vessel, et and sepone set (it) aside, ut 
that pulvis the powder subsidat may subside. 
Denique lastly, exsTcca dry pulverem the powder, 
aqud the watei efifusd being poured off. 

MAGNESIA. 
MAGNESIA. 

Recipe take quatiior four uncias ounces Subcar- 
bon&tis of the Subcarbonate Magnesias of Mag- 
nesia; 

Ure bum (it) per for duas two boras hours acer- 
rfmo with a very fierce igne^r^, vel or donee until 
Acidum aceticum dilutum dilute acetic Add instil* 
latum dropped in excitet excite nuUas no bulliilas 
bubbles. 

The carbonic acid of the subcarbonate is driven off by 
heat, leaving pure magnesia ; the quantity employed being- 
thereby deprived of nearly half its weight. 



BARTHS, AND THBIK SALTS. 45 

MAGNESIA SUBCARBONAS. 

8UBCARJ^0N4TE OF MAGNESIA. 

Recipe take libram a pound Sulpbatis of the 
Sulphate Magnesie of Magnesia ; novem titiie 
uncias ounces Subcarbonatis of the Subcarbonaie 
Potasses of Potass ; tres three congios gallons 
Aquae of Water. 

Liqua dissolve Subcarbonatem the Subcarbonate 
Potassse of Potass in tribus m three octanis pints 
Aqufle offVater, Sulphatem the Sulphate Magnesias 
of Magnesia in quinque in fice octariis pints Aquae 
of Water separadm separately ^ et and cola strain : 
dein then adjice add rSliquam the remaining Aquam 
Water Hquori to the solution Sulpbatis of the SuU 
phate Magnesias of Magnesia et and coque boil, que 
and admisce mix ei to it, dum whilst ebullit it is 
boUing priorem the former liquorem liquor f movens 
stirring asstdufe constantly spatbd mth a spatula ; 
turn then cola strain per mroug^ linteum cloth .* 
denique lastly , abliie wash pulv^rem the powder 
ssepius often, Aqu& Water af[us4 being poured there^ 
on fervepte boiling, et and exsicca dry caldre at a 
heat ducentesimi qf the two hundredth gradib 
degree super upon bibulam bibulous chartam. 
paper. 

The two txada, tis. the sulphuric acid of the sulphate^ 
and the carbonic acid of the subcarbonBte, change places, 
with each other; the sulphuric acid combining with thepotaaa 
tanoMsulphate of potass in solution, and the carbonic add unit- 
ing with the magnesis forms an insoluble carbonate of mag- 
netia: and thus a double deoompodtion takes place. 



46 METALS, AND THBIR «ALTS. 

METALLA, ET EORUM SALES. 
METALS, AND THEIR SALTS. 

prjeparata ex antimonio. 
preparations from antimony. 

ANTIMONII SULPHURfiTUM 
PRiECIPITATUM. 

PRECIPITATED 8ULPHURET OF ANTIMONY. 

Recipe take duas two ITbras pounds contriti of 
powdered Sulphureti Sulphuret Antimomi of 
Antimony ; qu&tuor four octanos pints Liquoris 
of the Liquor Potassse of Potass ; tres three oc- 
tanos pints destillatffi of distilled Aque fFaier ; 
Acidi sulphurici diluti of dilute sulphuric Acid 
quantum as much as sit may be satis siifficient ; 

Misce mix Sulphuretum the Sulphuret Anti- 
monii of Antimony, Liquorem the Liquor Potassae 
q^ Potass^ et and Aquam the Water^ inter among 
se themselves^ [i. e. together'] et and coque hoU 
lento with a slow ignejire per for tres three boras 
hours, movens stirring assidu^ constantly, destil- 
l&tA distilled Aqui Water adjectd being added sub- 
inde now and then, adeb so ut that impleat it may. 
fill semper always eandem the same mensuram 
measure. Cola strain liquorem the liquor protinus 
instantly per through linteum clpth duplicatum 



METALS, AND THBIR SALTS. 47 

folded^ que and instilla drop ei to it adhuc whilst yet 
ferventi hot pauLatim hy little and little quantum as 
much as sit may be satis sufficient diluti of diluted 
sulphurici sulphuric Acidi jicid ad to dejiciendum 
precipitate pulv^rem the powder ; turn then abliie 
wash Sulphatem the Sulphate Potassse of Potass 
calid4 unth warm Aqu& Water ; exsicca dry precipi* 
tatum the precipitated Sulphuretum Sulphuret 
Antimonii of Antimony ^ et and tere rub {it) in into 
subtiQem a subtil puLverem powder, 

Mr. Brande, in his Manual of Chemistry, eiplains the 
above process in the following words :«-« The sulphuret 
of antimony and potassa acts upon the water, a portion, of 
which is decomposed ; hydrogen is transferred to the alca- 
line sulphuret, to form hydrosulphuret of potassa ; hy- 
drogen and oxygen unite to the sulphuret of antimony, 
producing a hydrosulphuretted oxide of that metal [Avrme«], 
which remains dissolved in the hot alcaline hydrosulphuret, 
and of which one portion is precipitated as that solution 
cools. When dilute sulphuric acid is added, the hydro- 
sulphuret of potassa is decomposed, sulphate of potassa 
is formed, and sulphur and sulphuretted hydrogen are 
liberated ; the sulphur falls in combination with the kermes, 
producing the golden sulphur, or sulphuretted hydro-. 
sulphuret.'* 

ANTIMONXUM TARTARIZATUM. 
TARTARIZED ANTIMONY. 

Recipe take Vitri of the Glass Antimonii of An^ 
timony contriti rubbed in subtilissimum into a 
very fine pulv^rem powder ; Supertartratis of 
the Supertartrate Potassse of potass contritse 
powder ed^ singulorum of each libram a pound ; 
fervenus of boiling Aquas destillatse distilled 
Water congium a gallon ; 



48 MBVAL&» AHD TKBIR 8AI«T8. 

Miace mix Yitrum the Glass AntimovSi of Jnti- 
many accural^ accurately cum with Supertartrate 
the Supertartrate )?otassed of Potass, etondconjice 
throw (them) paulatim gradually in Into Aquam 
destillatam ferventem boiUng distUUd Water^ 
movens ^ttrrtftgassidu^ constantly spathft with a 
spatula; coque boiil per/or quadraniem the fourth 
part horn of an hour^ et and sepdne set aside. 
Cola strain liquorem fngefactum the cooled liquor^ 
et and decdque bM down liquorem colatum the 
strained liquor ut that crystalli crystals fiant may 

beformed. 

« 

This preparatioD differs considerably from that of the 
same name m the last edition of the Pharmacop«eia. 

The superabundant add of the supertartrate of potass 
during the process of boiling, unites with that portiua of 
the glass of antimony called the protoxide, and tartrate of 
atUimany is formed, which is held in solution together 
with die tartrate ofpotau* The solution being «vapontled« 
• triple salt is obtained consisting of tartrate of potass and 
antimony, and this is termed tartarixed antimonjf. 

Glass of antimony is composed of protoxide of anti- 
niony, in combination with Tariable proportions of silica* 
and a little sulphur ; the latter is supposed to be combined 
with oxide of antimony, forming a sulphuretted oxide, 
which with the silica remains undissolved after the above 
process has takenplace. 

VINUM ANTIMONII TARTARI2ATI. 
WINE OF TARTARIZED ANTIMONY. 

Kecipe take scrupulum a scruple tartarizati of 
tartarized Antimonii Antimony ; octo eight 

^ fluiduQcias fluid ounces ferventis of boiUng des- 
tillatse distilled Aquee Water { duas two fluidun- 



.1CB7AL8, AHD TBSIK 9ALV9, 4§ 

(A9B fluid owfteet SpirftHs rectificati of reeHfied 
SpirUi 

Liqua dissolve tartarizatum the tartarized An- 
timonSum^^ntonif in fer^ente in 6of7iii^ destillatA 
iMlUd A^uft Water ; turn then adjice (trfd spiritum 
the spirit liquori colato to the strained liquor. 

PULVIS ANTIMONIALIS. 

ANTIMONIAL POWDER. 

Recipe take ITbram a pound contriti of powdered 
Sulphureti Sulphur et Antimonii of Antimony ; 
duas two libras pounds Comuum of Horns ra- 
sdrum shaved fi. e. hartshorn) ; 

Misce mix^ et and con] ice throw {thein) in into 
crucib ilium latum a wide crucible candens* gUnv^ 
ing igne in the fire, et and move stir (them) assi- 
du^ constantly, donee until vapor conspicuus ait 
evident vapour ascendat shall arise non no am- 
plius longer. Quod that which restat remains 
tere triturate in into pulverem a powder, et and 
immitte put {it) crucibiilo idoneo into a proper 
crucible. Turn then subministra apply ignem the 
fire, et and auge increase (it) paulatim gradually, 
ut that candeat it may whiten per/or duas two 
horas hours* Tere triturate residuum the resi" 
jdue, ut that subtilissimus a <oery fine pulvis 
powder fiat may be made. 

• ** When the natiTe tulphuret of a&tfanoiiy is npofed 
under a muffle to a dull red beat, it gradually IcMea 



* Heated to whitenetf* 

F 



50 PREPARATIONS' FROM 'SILVER. 

jsulphur and absorbs oxygen, being . converted into a grey 
powder, which consists of a mixture of protoxide of anti- 
mony and sulphuret. The effect of heat upon the harts- 
nom shavings is to destroy the animal matter, leaving 
little else than phosphate of lime, so that the Pulvis anti- 
monialis consists essentially of protoxide of antimony 
mixed with phosphate of lime." — Biande's Chemistry, 



pr^paratum ex argento. 
preparation from silver, . 

ARGENTI NITRAS. 
NITRATE OF SILVER. 

Recipe take unciam an ounce Argenti of Silver ; 
fluidunciam a fluid ounce nitrici of nitric Acidi 
Add; duas two fluidnncias^uid ounce$ destiUatae 
of distilled Aquae Water ; 

Misce mix Acidura nitncum the nitric Acid 
Aqua with the Wafer, et and liqua dissolve Ar- 
gentuin the Silver in his in these balneo in a bath 
arense of sand. Dein then auge increase ealdrem the 
heat paulatim gradually, ut that NTtras the Nitrate 
Argenti of Silver siccetur may be dried. Lique- 
fac dissolve banc this in crucibulo in a crucible, 
lento by a slow igne fire, donee until, Aqui the 
Water expulsd being dnven away, ebuHitio ebulli^ 
tion cessaverit shall hate ceased ; turn then effun* 
depour (it) q^statim immediately in idoneas into 
convenient forinas moulds. 

The sUver is oxidized, and the acid is in consequence 
partly decomposed ; that porUon of the acid remaining 



P]IBPARATI0N$ FmOM ARSBNIO. 3 1. 

ubdecomposed, dissoWes the 6iiiAe of siWer formed in the 
first instance, and converts it into nitrate of silver. During 
this process nitrous add vapour is produced, occasioned 
by the union of nitric oxide gas with the oxygen gas of 
the atmosphere. 



PILEPAIULTA EX ARSENICO. 
PREPARATIONS FROM ARSENIC. 

ARSENICUM ALBUM SUBLIMATUM. 
SUBLIMED WBITE ARSENIC. 

Tere rub Arsenicum album white Arsenic in 
pulyirem ^ into a powder ; tum tfien conjice 
throw (it) in crucibiilum into a crucible, et and 
admdto having applied igne the fire, sublima 
sublime \VL into aliud another crucibiilum crucible 
superimpositum placed upon pridri the former. 

LIQUOR ARSENICALIS. 

ARSENICAL SOL UTION. 

Recipe take sublimati of sublimed Arsenici albi 
white Arsenic, triti rubbed in into subtilissimuro 
a very fine pulverem powder; Subcarbonatis of 
the Subcarbonate Potassae of Potass ex from 
Tart&ro Tartar, singulorum of each, sexaginta 
sixty quatiior /our grana grains ; SpiritC^s com- 
positi of compound spirit Lavandulae of Lavender 
quatiior four fluidrachmas fiuid drams; Aquae 
destiUatae of distilled Water octarium a pint ; 

Coque boil Arsenicum album the white Arsenic 
et and Subcarbonatem the Subcarbonate Potassse 

f2 



52 PRBFABATIOK FR^M BISMOVa. 

of Potass cum wkh Aqak the Water in vase vitrto 
tit a glass vessel, donee until Arsentcum omne all 
the Arsenic liquetur be dissolved. Liquori frige- 
facto to the cooled liquor adjice add compositum 
tfie compound Spiritum /Spirit Lavandulae of La* 
vender, Denique lastly , adjice add insuper thereto 
quantum as much as sit m^y he satis sufficient 
Aqu8& destiUats of distilled Water, ut that impleat 
it may JUl accurate accurately mensuram the 
measure octarii of a pint. 

Tlie oxide of araenie here employed is nid to possess 
in some respects llie properties o^ an aeidt and has been 
termed artenious add, which, uniting with the potassy 
forms arsenke ofpotasi. 



^■^■i'~"*^"^"WiWW"^I^M^^P"i«* 



nUSPARiTUM E BISMtTTHO. 
PREPARATION FROM BISMUTH^ 



BISMtTTHI SUBNITEAS. 

SUBNITRATE OF BISMUTH. 

RecYpe take unciam an ounce Bismitthi of- Bi»- 
muth ; fiuidunciam a fiuid ounce cum toith se- 
misse half {a fluid ounce) Acidi nitrici &f nitric 
Add ; tres three octarlt)s pints Aqus destillatse 
of distilled Water; 

Misce mix sex six fluidrachmas ^uid drams 
Aquae destillatse of distilled Water cum with Acl(do 
nitrico the nitric Add, et and liqim dissolve Bis- 
muthum the Bismuth in his in these; turn then 



PaEPARATlOMS FBOH COPPER. 53. 

cola strain. Adjice add quod that wkkh est is 
reliquum left Aquas of the Water liquori colato to 
the strained liquor, et and sepone set aside ut that 
pulvis the powder subsidat may subside. Delude 
then effuso having poured o^liquore supern&tante 
t?ie supernatant liquor ablue wash Subnitratem the 
Subnitrate Bismuthi of Bismuth Aquft destillatft 
with distilled Water, et and exsicca dry (it). 
leni calore unth a gentle heat, involutam folded 
chartft bibiild in blotting paper. 

Whilst the bismuth is being dissolTcd in the dilute 
nitric add, a considerable degree of heat is evolved, and a 
large portion of nitric oxide escapes. On diluting the 
solution with water, a white oxide of the metal is pre- 
cipitated, with which, water and a small portion of nitric 
add are united, forming subnitrate of bismuth. It is 
Mated in Dr. Ure*s Chemical Dictionary, that *' this pre-' 
elation of the nitric solution, by the addition of water, is 
the criterion by wfiich bismuth is distinguished from most 
other metids" 



PRiEPARATA E COPRO. 
PREPARATIONS FROM COPPER. 



CUPRUM AMMONIATUM. 

AMMONIATED COTPER. 

Recipe take dimidiam half unciam an ounce Sul- 
phatis of the Sulphate Cupri of Copper ; sex six 
drachmas drawi« Sobcarbonatis of the Subearbo- 
note Ammouiae of Ammonia ; 



f3 



54 PaSPAHATIOHS FROM LSOtt. 

Tere rti6 (them) aimul together in%itr«o m agUue 
mortario mortor, donee un^iJebullitio ehMUioneeur 
sa¥&it shall have cecued; deinde theut leni with a 
gentle calore heat^ exsicca dry ammoniatum the 
ammoniated Cuprum Copper^ involutum. folded 
bibulft in bibulous charti paper. 

Hie sulphate of copper is decomposed by part of ita 
acid being taken up by the ammonia of the subcaibonate ; 
tiie carbonic acid of the latter being disengaged, efl^nraa-* 
cence takes place whilst: it is giving off. SuLphaU of ammonia 
and subtvlphate of copper are therefore the result of the 
process. 

LIQUOE CTPRI AMMONIATI. 
LIQUOR OF AMMONIATED COPPSJL 

Recipe take drachmam a dram aramoniati of atU'. 
moniatedCupn Copper; octarium apm^destillatea 
of distilled Aqus& Water ; 

Liqua dissolve ammoniatum the ammoniated Cu- 
prum Copper in Aqvtfi in the Water, et and cola 
strain per through chartam paper. 



PKaEPARATA E FERRO. 
PREPARATIONS FROM IRON. 



FERRUM AMMONIATUM. 

AMMONIATED IRON 

Recipe take Subcarbonatis of the Subcarbonate 
Ferri 0/ iron; Acidi muriatici ©/"miAria^ic ^cid ; 



PBBPABATION8 PRQM mOtf* 55 

Muri&tis of the Muriate Ammonis of Ammo^ 
nia* singuldrum of each libram a pound ; • • 

Superinfunde pour Acidum muriatjcum the 
muriatic Acid Subcarbonati to the Subcarbonate 
Ferri of Iron, et and sepdne set aside donee until 
bullulse bubbles excitentur be excited non no am- 
pliiis longer. Cola strain liquorem the liquor per 
through chartam paper, et and dec6que boil down 
colatum the strained (liquor) donee until omnis all 
humor moisture eonsumptus sit be evaporated. 
Quod thai which restat remains misee mix diLi« 
gtnt^ diligently cum u^i^A Muriate the Muriate 
Ammonise of Ammonia : turn then igne acri a fierce 
fire subjecto being applied, sublima sublime pro- 
tin ils immediately : denique lastly, tere rub in 
pulverem into a powder. 

The subcarbonate of iron being acted upon by the mu< 
riatic add, muriate of iron is formed in solution, and the 
carbonic add gas is c^pelled^ The muriate of iron, A'eed 
from moisture by evaporation, is then mixed with the mu- 
riate of ammonia^ tod they are sublimed* A portion of 
suboubonate of iron remains undissoWed, in consequence 
of a deficiency of acid* 

FERRI SUBCARBOKAS. 
SUBCARBONATE OF IRON. 

Recipe take octo eight uncias ounces Sulpbatis of 
the Sulphate Ferri of Iron; sex six uneias 
ounces Subcarbonatis of the Subcarbonate Sod^s 
of Soda; eongium a gallon ferventis of boiling 
Aqu» Water } 

Liqua dissolve Sulphatem the SulpluUe Ferri 
of Iron et and Subcarbonatem the Subcarbonate 



56 PREPARATIONS FROM IRON/ 

Sodse of Soda sep&rathn separately id qu&tiior in 
four octariis pints Aquae of Water ; turn then misce 
mix liquores the liquors inter among se themselves 
(i. e. together) et and sepone set (them) aside, ut 
that puLvis the powder subsidat may subside i delude 
then supern&tante the supernatant liquore liquor 
efiuso being poured offy abltie wash Subcarbonatem 
the Subcarbonate Ferri of Iron calidd in warm 
Aqu& Water, et and exsicca dry {it) inToLutam 
folded bibulU in bibulous chart& paper leni with a 
gentle caiore fieat. 

When the two solutions are poured together, the sul- 
phuric acid of the sulphate of iron unites widi the soda,, 
and at the same time the iron attracts the carix>nic acid of 
the subcarbonate of* soda ; thus a double decomposition 
takes place. The insoluble subcarbonate if iron is dried , 
whilst the solution of sulphate of soda is filtered and washed 
away. 

FERRI SULPHAS. 

SULPHATE OF IRON. 

Recife take Ferri of Iron, sulphurici of sulphuric 
Acidi Acidn Bingiilorum of each (pondere by 
weight) octo eight uncias ounces ; Aquas of Water 
qu^tiior/ot^r octarios/xtM^f ; 

Misce mix sulphuricum the sulphuric Acidum 
Add cum with AquA the Water in vitreo in a glass 
vase vessel, que and his to these adjice add Ferrum 
the Iron J turn then ubi when bulliilse bubbles 
cessaverint shall have ceased exire to go forth, 
cola strain liquorem tfie liquor per through char- 
tam paper, que and consume evaporate eum it ad 
over ignem thejire, a,debso ut that, dum whilst' 



FJIEPAKATIOKS PROIf I&ON. 57 

frigescit it cooUt crystalli crystals fiaut may be 
fotmed» Exsicca dry has these super upon bibiilam 
bibulous chartam paper, liquore the liquor effuso 
being poured off^ 

Tbe iroo Mng oxidlmd at the ezpease of the water* 
the latter is partly decomposed ; for whilst the iron covof* 
bines with its oxygen, hydrogen gas is given off*. The « 
oxide of iron uniting with the acid forms a sulphate tf 
won in solution, which is directed to be crystallised. 

F£RltUM TARTARIZATUM. 
TARTAniZED IRON, 

Recipe fa/reFerri of Iron libram a pound} contrT- 
tse of powdered Supertartratis Supertartrate 
Potassse of Potass duas two libras pounds ; Aquae 
destiUate of distilled Water quinque^t^e octatios 
pints, ve\ or quantum as much as sit may be 
satis sufficient ; 

Tere ru^Ferrum the Iron et and Supertartratem 
the Supertartrate 'PotassedofPotcus simul together ^ 
et and expone expose (them) aeri to the air per 
for viginti twenty dies days cum with octario a 
pint Aquae of Water in p&tulo in an open ritreo 
glass vase vessel, agltans shaking (them) quotidie 
daily, Aquft destillatft distilled Water adject^ being 
added subind^/re^uen^Z^, ut that sint they may be 
aemper always humtda moist. Dein then coque 
boil per for quadrantem the fourth part horse of 
an hour quattior in four octariis pints Aquse des- 
tillatse of distilled Water, et and cola strain. 
Consume evaporate liqudrqm the liquor balu^o 
aquoso in a water bath, donee until Fernun tar« 
tarizatum the tartarized Irpn sit be exsiccatum 



B8 PREPARATIONS FROM IRON. 

dried penitils tharottghty, Tere rub hoc this in 
pulverem into a powder, et and seira keep (it) 
vase in a vessel bene well obturato stopped, 

A peroxide of iron is formed by the iron's attracting 
oxygen from the water and air, wtiicb peroxide unites 
with the excess of acid contained in the supertartrate of 
potass. We ba^e therefore tartrate of potass and iron 
finrming a triple salt. 

LIQUOR F£RRI ALKALINI. 
LIQUOR OF ALKALINE IRON. 

Recipe take duas two drachmas drams Ferri of 
Iron cum with semisse half {a dram) ; duas two 
fluiduncias ^ttid ounces nitrici of nitric Acidi 
Acid; sex six fluiduncias^uui ounces destillatse of 
distilled Aquae Water; sex six tivldunciaajiuid 
ounces Liqudris of the Liquor Subcarbonatb 
of the Subcarbonate Potassse of Potass ; 

Superiufunde pour upon Ferro the Iron Acidum 
the Acid et afid Aquam the Water mista mixed inter 
se together : turn then, ubi when bulliilse bubbles 
cessaveriut shall have ceased exire to go forth, 
efiuude pour off liquorem the liquor adhuc whilst 
yet acidum 4icid. Adjice add hunc this paulatim 
by little and little et and ex intervallis at intervals 
Liquori to the Liquor Subcarbonatis of the Subcarr 
bonate Potass® of Potass, siibiud^ occasionally 
agitans shaking {it), donee until jamjW^ when, 
fusco-rubicuudo a brownish red coldre colour 
facto being produced, nullse no bulliile bubbles 
ampliito excitentur are any more excited, Denique 
lastly, sepone set aside per for sex six horas hours, 
et and effunde pour off liquorem Die liquor. 



PSBPARATIONS FROM IRON. 59 

The above name is deemed unchemical, as alkaline Iron 
is a thing unknown. Hie theory of the process seems to 
be this : the acid is diluted that it may act more power- 
fully on the iron, which becomes oxidized, whilst red 
fiimes of nitrous gas and nitrous oxide escape, and a pernio 
irate of iron is fprmed in solution. On adding this to the 
alkaline liquor, carbonic acid is expelled, and what is 
called the solution ofalkc^ne iron is the consequence. 

This preparation should never be given diluted with 
water, as in that case the oxide of iron would be pre-^ 
cipitated. Dr. Paris, in his Pharmacologia, says, << t^ 
cannot be eachSdted in any form, witkotU undergoing decom- 
poaiunu** 



TINCT^RA F£RRI AMMONIATI. 
TINCTURE OF AMMONIATED IRON. 

Recipe take quatiior/ot<r uncias ounces Ferri am- 
moniati of ammoniated Iron ; octanum a pint 
SpintQs tenuidtis of proof Spirit ; 

Macera macerate, et and cola strain, 

TINCTtJRA FERRI MURIATIS. 
TINCTURE OF MURIATE OF IRON. 

Recipe take dimidiam half ITbram a pound Sub- 
carbonatis of the Subcarbonate Ferri of Iron $ 
octanum a pint AcTdi muriatici of muriatic 
Acid ; tres three octarios pints rectificati of rec- 
tified SpiritCls Spirit ; , 

Superinfunde pour Acidum the Acid Subcarbo^ 
nati to the SubcarbonateFerri of Iron in vitreo in a 
glass vsise vessel, et and agita shake (it) subind^ 



6A psBrAiUTiovs fhom iRoir. 

ftism time to time per /or tridiiiini three days. Se- 
p5ne set {it) aside ut thai fsces the dregs (si if 
slat there he qiue any) subsidant may subside ; dein 
/^M effuode pour off liquorem the liquor, que and 
adjice add ei to it Spiritum the Spirit, 

A muriate rf iron is formed by the iron's attracting 
the muriatic acid, and the carbonic acid gas is evoWed^ 
occasioning effervescence. 

VINUM FERtir. 

ft 

JFINE OF IRON. 

Recipe take drachmam a dram Fern of Iron ; sex 
six drachmas drams contritse of powdered Su- 
pertartratis Supertartrale Fotas8» of Potass ; 
dnos two octarios pii? ^5 Aquee destillatse ofdis" 
tilled Watery vel or quantum as much as sit may 
be satb suffidient; viginti twenty fluiduncKas 
J^titd ounces Spiritds tenuidris of proof Spirit ; 

Tere rub Ferrum the Iron et and Supertartratem 
the SupertartrateFoU\s»a of Potass simul together, 
et and exp5ne expose (them) aeri to the air per 
for sex six hebdom&das weeks in patiilo in an open 
vitreo glass vase vessel cum with fluiduneid afluid 
ounce Aquae of Water, movens stirring ( them) 
■ quotidie daily spathd with a spatula^ Aqu& des- 
tillat& distilled Water adjectft being added subinde 
frequently, ut that sint they may be semper always 
humida moist. Dein then exsiccadry (them) leni 
calore with a gentle heat, tere rub (them) in pul- 
verem tn^o a powder, et and misce mix {this) cum 
with triginta thirty fluidunciis fiuid ounces Aqun 
dfittiillattt of dUtUled Water. Cola strain liquorem 



PKEPARATIOMS FROM MERCURY. 61 

the liquor^ et and adjice cidd colato to tfie ^trained 
(liquor) Spintum the Spirit. 

'Wine of iron contains tartrate of potass and iron, with 
excess pf supertartrate of potass. 



PRiEPARATA EX HYDRARGtRO. 
PREPARATIONS FROM QUICKSILVER. 



HYDRARGYRUM CUM CRfiTA. 

MEncURT WITH CHALK 

Recipe take tres three uncias ounces, pondSre 
hy weighty purificati of purified Hydrarjgyri 
Mercury ; quinque^ve uncias ounces preparatse 
of prepared CreUs Chalky 

Tere rub (them) siinul together, donee until 
gl5buU globules^ CQpspiciantur are seen nou 
Biupliito no longer, 

' It is supposed 0iat daring tritun^tion the metal becomes 
oxidized. 

HYDRARGtRI NITRlCO-OXtDUM. 
NITRIC-OXIDE OF MERCURY* 

Recipe take tres three libras pounds, pondSre 
by weight, purificati of purified Hydrarej^ri 
Mercury } libram a pound cum with semisse 
half (a pound), pondSre by wdght, nitrici of 
nitric Acldi^^cid, duos two octarios pints des- 
tillatw of distilled Aqu» Water i 



62 PREPARATIONS FROM MERCURY. 

Misce mix in vase vitreo in a glass vessel^ et 
and coque &otZ, donee until Uydrargj^um the 
Mercury liquetur is dissolved^ et andt Aqu& the 
Water consumptft being evaporated^ alba a white 
materia substance restet remains. Tere rub hanc 
^Atf in pulvSrem into a powder^ et and conjice 
throw (it) in aliud into another vas oex^eZ qukm 
minimi less profundum deep; turn then adhibe 
apply thereto ienem a gentle ignem Jire que and 
auge increase eum it paulatim gradually, donee 
until ruber a red vapor vapour cessaverit shall 
have ceased prodire to go forth. 

The mercury decomposes the nitric acid ; nitrous .acid 
and nitric oxide gasses being evolved. The mercury, be- 
ing thus oxidized, unites with that portion of the acid whicb 
remains after this decomposition takes place, and forms a 
nitrate cfmercvxyi this nitrate, when the heat b increased, 
becomes decomposed, the acid and water being expelled; 
and the oxide finally remains of a red colour. As a small 
portion of add is left with this oxide, it has been called a 
wbnibrate* Mr. Brande calls it a " peroxide of mercury^ 
^with a tmaUportion of adhering nitrate,** The red vapour 
. alluded to above, is occasion^ by the union of the nitric 
oxide evolved with the oxygen of the atmosphere, form- 
ing nitrous add vapour. 

HYDRARGtRI OXtDUM CIN£R£Ulif. 
GREY OXIDE OF MERCURY. 

Recipe take unciam an ounce Submuriatis of 
the Submuriate Hydrargj^ri of Mercury ; con- 
gium a gallon Liquoris of the Water Csdcis of 
Lime ; 

Coque boil Hydrar^ri Submuriatem the Sub^ 
muriate of Mercury in Liquore in the Water 



FaCPAKATlOMS FROM MERCURY. 63 

Calcis of Lime, movens stirring assidii^ constantly, 
donee until cinereum the grey Oxj^dum Oxide 
Hydrargjrri of Mercury subsTdat subsides. Lava 
w€uh hoc this destillat& in distilled Aqu4 Water $ 
deinde then exsicca dry (it). 

Hie lime unites with the acid of the submuriate, fonns s 
~ muriate of Hme, and precipitates the oxide in the form of a 
grey coloured powder : from which the muriate of lime 
that remains in solution is washed away. 

But if we consider calomel protochloride of mercury, 
we must then adopt the following theory : calomel is a 
compound of dilorine and mercury ; the mercnrj is re- 
duced' to the state of protoxide, by being combined with 
the oxygen of the lime water, add the hydrogen of the 
lime water unites with the chlorine, and forms muriatic 
acid ; this acting upon the lime, forms muriate of linie, 
which is held in solution, urtiilst the protoxide of mercury 
is precipitated. 

HYDRAROtRI OXtDUM RUBRUM. 

RED OXIDE OF MERCURY. 

Recipe take libram a pound, pondere hy weightp 
purificati of purified Hydrargj^ri Mercury ; 

Immitte put Hydrargj^nim the Mercury in altum 
into a tall vitreum glass vas vessel, cui to which sit 
there should be angustum a narrow os mouth, et and 
latior a broad fundus base ; adhibe apply huic to 
this aperto open vasi vessel calorem a heat sex- 
oentesimi of the six hundredth gradib degree, 
donee until Hydrargj^um the Mercury abiSrit 
shall form in rubras into red squamas scales ; dein 
then tere rub {it) in subtiiissimum into a very fine 
pulv^rem powder. 

The mercury is volatilized by heat, and absorbs oxygen 
from the air, which changes it into red oxide of mercury. 

o2 



64 PREPARATIONS PROM MBRCURT* 

HYDRAROf RI OXtMURlAS. 
OXTMURIATE OF MERCURY, 

Recipe take duas two libras pounds^ pondere by 
weighty purificati of purified Hydrargyri ilfer- 
cury ; tngitita thirty unctas ounces, pondSre hy 
weight, Acidi sulphurici of sulphuric Acid ; 
quatiior four Hbras pounds exsiccatie of dried 
Murialis Muriate Sode of Soda ; 

Coque boil Hydrargj^rum the Mercury cum with 
sulpburico the sulphuric Acido Acid in vitrSo in 
a glass vase vessel, donee until Hydrargj^ Sul- 
phas the Sulphate of Mercury exsiccata fuerit shall 
be dried ; contere triturate hanc this, ubi when 
refrixerit it sJiall have cooled, cum ufith Muriate 
the Muriate Sodse of Soda in fictili in an earthen 
mortario mortar ; turn then sublima subUrtie ex 
from vitrea a glass ciicurbitft cucurbit, calore with 
a heat sensim gradually aucto increased. 

** Perchloride of mercurj, or corrosive sublimatey 
may be obtained by a Yariety of processes. When mer- 
cury is heated in dhlorine, it bums with a pale flame ; the 
gas is absorbed, and a white ▼olatile substance rises, wbidi' 
is the perchloride. It may also be obtained by dissolving 
peroxide of mercury in muriatic acid, evaporating to dry- 
ness, re-dissolving in water, and crystallizing. 

** The ordinary process for making corrosive sublinoate^ 
consists in exposing a mixture of chloride of sodium (com- 
mon salt) and persulphate of mercury, to heat in a flask^ 
or other proper subliming vessel ; a mutual deoompositioii 
ensues. The chlorine of the common salt unites to the^ 
mercury of the tulphate, and form* bi-dUoride of m e rcury. 
The oxygen of the oxide of mercwy converts the sodiwm 
of the salt into aoda^ which, with the ndphuric add, profiuctM^ 



FREPAftATIONS FROM MERCURY. 65 

ndphaie of soda. This deoompodtion is eihibited by the 
following diagram ; 

** 1 proportional of perchloride of mercury =z 257* 



2 propor- 
tionals of 
common ^ 
salt=l]l 
consists of 



Chlorine 67 Mercury 190 '\ 1 propor* 

I tional of 
I persul- 
Sulphuric acid 75 ^phate of 



J mercury 
= 280 
consists of 



.Sodinm 44 Oxygen 15 

\ ^ 

2 proportionals of sulphate of soda = 134.** 

Brande*s Chemistry. 

The same author then adds, '< The quantity of common 
salt employed in the process ** (ordered above in the Fliar- 
macopvia) <' is obviously too large; in practice, how- 
ever, we find that more than the real quantity decomposed, 
and shown in the above table, is required. 

" Tlie following is the process employed at Apotheca- 
ries* Hall, for the formation of corrosive sublimate : 50 lbs. 
of mercury are boiled to dryness with 70 lbs. of sulphuric 
add; 73 lbs. of persulphate of mercury are thus formed, 
whidi being perfectly mixed with 1 20 lbs. of common salt 
and sublimed, yield from 63 to 65. lbs. of corrosive sub* 
limate. 

** By the quantity of chlorine absorbed by a given weight 
of mercury, we learn that the perchloride of mercury con- 
sists of 1 proportional of mercury =190 + 2 proportionals 
of chlorine = 67, consequently, its representative number* 
is 257." 

LIQUOR HYDRARGtRI OXYMURUTIS. . 
JjIQiVOB. OF THE OXYMURIATE OF MERCURY^ 

Recipe take grana octo eight grains Oxymunatis- 
ofthe Oxymuriate Hydrargyri of Mercury; quin- 
deciin fifteen fluiduncias fmd ounces destillatse' 

g3 



66 PKEFARATIONS P£OM IfBRCURY. 

of distilled AquiB Wotier ; ilulduBciaHi a Jluid 
ounce Spiritib recti ficati of rectified Spirit; 

Lfiqua dissolve Oxj^muriatem the Oxymuriate 
Hydrairgj^ri of Mercury in Aqu& desdllat^ in the 
distilled Water, que and adjice add Spiritum the 
Spirit ei to it. 

HTDRARGtRUM PRECIPITATUM ALBUBi. 
WHITE PRECIPITATED MERCURY. 

Recipe take dimidiam half libram a pound Oxj^- 
muriatb of the Oxymuriate Hydrargj^ri of Mer* 
cary i v^XAkox four unclas ounces Muriatis of the 
Muriate Ammoiuie ofAnmionia i dimidium ha^^ 
oc^rium a pint Liquoris of the lAqmr Subear* 
bonatis of the SubcarboncUe Potasses of Potassig 
qu&tiiorj^ur oc^inos pints destillatfle of distilled 
Aquse Water; 

Trloib first liqua dissolve Muriatem the Muriate 
AmmoDue <f Atnmonia, dein then Oxj^muriatem 
the Oxymuriate Hydrargjrri of Mercury , in destiU 
lat& in the d&stilledhc^ Water, et and adjice add 
his to these Liquorem the Liquor Subcarbonatis of 
the Subcarbonate Potassoe of Potass, Lava wash 
demissum the precipitated pulverem powder, donee 
until fuerit it shall be expers devoid sapdris of 
taste t turn then exsicca dry (H), 

The muriate of ammonia has the property of rendering 
the oxymuriate more soluble in water, and it here forms 
with it a trqde talt in solution of muriate of mercury and 
fmuiunm : a oonsiderahle portion of the ada of the muriate 
of ammonia is abstracted by adding the subcarbonate of 



PABFARATIOVS FKOJf MBRCVRT. 67 

potass, and the s&lt just enumerated is thrown down in the. 
form of a white precipitate, whence the name hyd, prmm^ 
cqniat* alb. 

HYDEARG1?RUM PURIFICATUM. 
PUniFIED MERCURY, 

Infunde pour Hydrargj^um the Mercury in into' 
retortam ferream an iron retort^ €t and igne 
the fire subjeeto being applied^ destillet Hyd-' 
rargynim purificatum lei the purified Mercury 
distil. 

In the last edition of the London Pharmacopoeia, iron 
filings were ordered, from the supposition that iron has 
a greater affinity for any foreign metals used in alloy' 
than mercury has ; but it has been found that it is suffi- 
cient to distil the mercury from an iroii retort : the metals- 
which may be present* not possessing the volatility of 
mercury, are left behind. 

HYDRABGtRI SUBMURlAS. 
8UBMURIATE OF MERCURY. 

Recipe take quatuor /our libras pounds^ pondere^ 
hy weighty Hydrargyri purificati of purified 
Mercury ; triginta thirty uncias ounces^ pondere 
hy weight, AcTdi sulphunci of sulphuric Acid;' 
libram a pound cum with semisse half {a pound) 
Muriatis of the Muriate Sodse of Soda; octo 
eight uncias ounces Muriatis o/* the Muriate 
Ammoniee of Ammonia; 

4 

Coque hoil duas two libras pounds Hydrargyri 
of the Mercury cum with Acido sulpfaurico the 



68 PREPARATIONS FROM MERCURY. 

sulphuric Add in vase vitr^o in a glass vessel, 
donee untU Sulphas the Sulphate Hydrarg^i of 
Mercury fuerit shall have become exsiccata dried ; 
ubi when refrixerit it shall have cooled contSre ^- 
turate banc this cum with duabus two libris pounds 
Hydrargj^ of Mercury, in mortano fictili in an 
earthen mortar^ ut that misceantur they may be 
mixed opt^m^ welL Dein tlien adjice add Muri- 
atem the Muriate Sodae of Soda, et and tere rub 
{them) simul together, donee until globiili globules 
conspiciantur are seen non no ampli^ longer; 
tum then sublima sublime. Contere triturate 
Sublimatum the Sublimate in into sobtilbsinium 
a very fine "puhexem powder,, transmitte pass (Jit) 
per through cribrum a sieve, et and misee mix. {it) 
diligenter diUgently cum with Muriate the Muriate 
Amnionis of Ammonia, pnh» first liquefactd.' dis- 
solved congio in a gallon ferventis of boiling Aquae 
destillatse distilled Heater. Sepone set {it) aside 
ut that pulvis the poujder siibsidat may subside. 
Effunde pour o^liqudrem the liquor, et and ablue 
wash pulverem the powder ssepi^ frequently fer- 
vente in boiling Aqud, destillat^ distilled Water, 
donee until Liquore Liquor Ammonise of Ammonia 
instillato being dropped in nihil nothing dcjiciatur 
he thrown down. Denique lastly, fiat'/e^ there be 
made- pulvis subtilissimus a very fine powder, 
eddem modo in the same manner quo in which 
prsecepimus we have ordered Cretam Chalk pre- 
parari to be prepared. 

A persulphate of mercury is first formed by the union 
oia portion of the mercury with the sulphuric acid; by 
triturstiDg this with the remaining portion of mercury. 



PRBPARATIONS FROM MBRCURT. 69 

previously to adding the chloride of sodlmn Common 
sak)^ the pdchloride at the instant it is fonned becomes 
reduced to the state of protochloride» as one half of the 
dilorine of the soda unites with the mercury last added. 
In the last edition of the London Pharmacopoeia, which 
see, calomel was obtained by triturating mercury with cor- 
rosive sublimate until the latter became reduced to the 
state of protochloride. 

It is supposed that the muriate of ammonia is used fbr 
the purpose of dissolring any corrosive BubUmste tbafc 
may be formed with the calomel* 

HTDRARGtRI SULPHURETUM NIGRUM. 
BLACK SULPHURET OF MERCURY. 

Recipe take libram a p<mnd, pondSre by weight, 
purificati of purified HydrargJPri Mercur^j libram 
a pound sublimati of sublimed Sulphdris Sul^ 
phur ; 

Tere rub (them) umul together donee untit 
gldbiili globules conspiciantur are seen non no 
ampliils longer. 

There is no settled theory respecting the nature of tiiia 
process. 

HYDRARGtM SULPHURfiTUM RUBRUM. 
RED SULPSURET OF MERCURY. 

Recipe take puri6cati ofpur^ied Hydirargjhri JIf erw 
cury^ pondere by weighty quadraginta forty 
uncias ounces ; sublimati of sublimed Sulphiiris 
Sulphur octo eight uncias ounces; 

Misce mix Hydrargyrum the Mercury cum toi^ 
Sulphiire the Sulphur lique&cto dissolved ad ignem 



70 PKBPARATIOMS FROM LtAtP. 

itpon the fire, et and quamprfm&m as soon 09 
massa the mass intumescat swells, remove remove 
vas the vessel ab from igDe the Jire, et and toae 
cover (it) fortiter strongly , ne . lest iDflammatao 
infiammation fiat should take place ; deinde then 
tere rub in pulvSrem into a powder, et and sub*" 
lima sublime (it). 

Mr. R. Fhfllips itys, that ** by the action rf heat a 
product it obudnedi vMA by the 9ubseq%tent procets of tub- 
Umatkmt yields the penulphuret or bisuJphurttt of mercurj/* 



FR^PARATA £ PLUMBO. 
PREPARdTIQNS FROM LEAD. 

FLUMBI AC£TAS. 
ACETATE OF LEAD. 

Recipe take libram a pound Subcarbonatis of the 
Subcarbonate Plumbi of Lead ; octarium a pint 
fortioriff of the stronger Acidi acetici acetic 
Acid ; octanum a pint cum with . serause haif 
(a pint) ferventis of boiling Aquae destillatae 
distilled Water ; 

Misce mix Acidum the Acid cum with Aqu& the 
Water; adjice add his to these pmil^Xim gradually 
Subcarbonatem the Subcarbonate Plumbi of Lead, 
et and coque boil donee until Acidum the Acid sa- 
turetur be saturated ; deinde then cola strain per 
through chartam paper, et and, Aqu& the Water 



raSFARATIONS .FROM LEAD. 71 

consumptd being evaporated donee until pelliciklaa 
pdUde subnascatur floats^ sepone set {jt) aside ut 
that crystall] crystals fiant may he formed, Efluso 
having pofwred off" liquore the Uquor^ exsicca dry 
has tJiese super upon bibttlain UbuUnts chartam 
paper [blotting paperJ] 

V 

Hie acetic acid of the yinegar decompoies the subcar- 
bonate by unitiiig with its oxide, while the carbonic acid 
is gUen off in a gaseous foim. The acetate of lead being 
in solution, is cryslpdliaedf the aTBtals adhering in maoiMH 
resembUniP loaf-sugar. 

LIQUOR PLUMBI SUBACETATIS 
LIQUOR OF 8UBACETATE OF LEAD. 

Recipe take duas two Cbras pounds semivitrSi of 
the semwUreous Oxj^di Oxide Flumbi of Lead ; 
copgium a gallon Acidi acetici diluti of dikUe 
acetic Add i 

Misce miXf et and dec^que boU down ad to sex 
ux octarios pints, roovens stirring assidu^ coji- 
stanthf s dein then sepone set aside, ut that feeces 
the dregs subsidant may subside, et and cola 
strain. 

An acetate of lead is formed by the acetic acid of the 
yinegar uniting with port Of the oxide, which is held in 
aolution. Ihr. Paris says, ** It u a saturated sohttion cf 
mibaoetate <f lead, consisting, according to Bendius, qfons 
proportional of add, and three proportionals of oxide of leadg 
hence its name is correct. It is the on^ instance with which 
ftte are acqwinted of a real sub-salt being solyble in water ^ 
Others dit^ute the oonrectoess of th« tenn..ni^ 



y2 1 RBFARATIOKS FKOM fctVC. 



lilQUQR PLUMBJ SUBACETATIS DILt^TUS. 

DILUTED LiaUOR OF TSE 8USACETATE 

OF LBADn 

Recipe take fluidrachmam a fluid dram Liquoris 
of the lAquor Subacetatis of the Subacetate 
Flumbi of Lead ; octarYum a pint desdllatse of 
distilfed Aquae Water; fluidrachmam a Jlmd 
dram Spintte t»wmm:of prQ(^ Spirit ; 

Misce mix. 



PRiEPARXTA E ZINCQ. 
PREPARATIONS FROM ZINC. 



CALAMINA PRJEPARATA. 
PREPARED CALAMINE. 

Ure hum Calammam the Calamine ; turn then 
contgre triturate {it). Deinde tifterwards fiat let 
there be made, suhuiissiiaiis a very subtU pulvis 
powder eddem in the same modo rnanner quo in 
which pnecepimus we directed Cretam Chalk 
prsparari to be prepared. 

■ By this process, the calamine [carbonaibe of sine] is 
deansed from its impurities. See Creia Praparata* 



rRBPARAl'IONS FROM 21NC. 73 

ZINCI OXtt)UM. 

OXIDE OF ZINC. 

Recipe take libram a pound Sulphatb of the SuU 
pfiate Zinci of Zinc ; octanum a pint Liquoris 
of the Liquor Ammonise of Ammonia^ vel or 
qu&ntxLtn as much as sit tna^ he satis sufficient | 
octat^tind a pint Aquse destillatie of distilled 
Water ; 

liiqua disisolve Sulphittem the Sulphate Zind 
of Zinc in Aqu& destillat^ in distilled Water^ et 
and adjice add quantum as much ^as sit may be 
flatis sufficient Liquoris of. the Idquor Ammomss, 
of Ammonia, ut that Oxj^dum the Oxide Zinci of 
Zinc dejiciatur may be thrown down penitilis 
thoroughly, Liquore the liquor efiuso being poured 
offy ablue wash pulverem the powder ss^pius frem 
quently AquH destillatft in distilled Water, et and 
exsicca dry (it) balneo in a bath arense of sand. 

The ammonia uniting witli the sulphuric acid of the 
sulphate, precipitates we oxide, whilst stt^hate of anfk' 
fnomci is hield in solution* If the liquor ammoniie verp 
added in excess^ it \^uld re-dissoWie the precSpitate. 

zinci sulphas, 
sulpbJte of zinc. 

Recipe take frustulSrum of small piee^ Zioci of 
Zinc quatuor/ot^r unciad ounces ; sex six unc^as 
ofgtices, pond^re by weight, sulphunci of suU 
phufic Adidi Add ; qu^tiior /our octarios pintk 
Aquae destillatse of distilled Water ; 

Misce mix in vitreo in a glass vase vessel, et dnd^ 
efiervescentiH effervescence finitft being finished. 



74 PREPARATIONS FROM SULPHUR. 

cola strain liquorem the liquor per through 
cbartam paper ;. turn. then decoque boil (it) down, 
donee until pellicula a pellicle subnascatur rises^ 
et and sepone set (it) aside ut that crystalli crystals 
fiant may be formed. 

The metal becoming dissolioed by the diluted acid, is . 
at the same time oxidized at the expence of the ¥rater; 
hydrogen gas is evolved, and a sulphate of zinc remains in 
solution from the union of the oxide with the' acid; it is 
then crystalizedji when it in some measure resembles fine 
Epsom salts^ 



SULPHUREA. 
PREPARATIONS FROM SULPHUR. 

' , . ■ - 

OL£UM SULPHURATUM. 

SULPHURATED OIL. 

Recipe take duas two uncias ounces loti of washed 
Sulphiiris Sulphur ; octanum a pint Olei of the 
Oil 01iv» of Olive ; 

Injice throw Sulphur the Sulphur paulatim 
gradually Oleo to the Oil calefacto heated in 
peramplo in a very large ferreo irtm vase vessel^ 
et and move stir assidii^ constantly spath& with a 
spatula,, donee until cdierint they, shall, have 
uni0d. 



IPRBPAAATIONS FROM SULPHUR. 75 

POTASS^ SULPHURfiTUM. 
SULPHURET OF POTASS. 

Recipe take unciam an owice loti of washed Sul- 
pfaiiris Sulphur ; duas two uncias ounces Sub- 
carbonatis of the Subcarbonate Potassse of 
Potass^ 

Tere rub simul together, et and impone place 
{them) super upon ignem the fire in clauso in a 
covered crucibiilo crucible, donee until colerint 
thei/, shall have united. 

By the union of potasa and sulphur, the latter is ren- 
derd soluble in water, which is the design intended by 
the preparation. Mr. Phillips accounts fbr the changes 
which take place during the process- as follows : ** When 
sulphur and subcarbonate of potass are heated togetheri 
the carbonic add is expelled from the latter, ^ and three- 
fourths of the potass, or oxide of potassium, are decom- 
posed; its oxygen combines with sulphur to form sul- 
phuric add, and this uniting with the one-fourth of the 
undecomposed potass, suljAate of potass results. The 
potassium of the decomposed potass combines also with 
sulphur, and sulphuret of potassium is formed ; so that 
the Potassae Sulphuretiim of the Pharmacopoeia is a com- 
^und of sulphate of potass and su^uret of potassium, 
when the operation has been properly conducted. The 
peculiar properties of the compound depend upon the sul- 
phuret of potassium." 

SULPHUR LOTUM. 
WASHED SULPHUR. 

Recipe take libram a pound sublimati of sublimed 
Sulphiiris Sulphur ; 

h2 



76 PREPARATIONS FROM SULPHUR. 

Superinfunde pour upon (it) ferventem boiUng 
Aquam Water ^ ut that Acidum the Jcid^ (si if sit 
there be quod any), abliiatur may be washed away 
penitiis thoroughly ; dein then sicca dry. 

* 
SULPHUR PRJECIPITATUM. 

« 

PRECIPITATED SULPHUR. 

Recipe take libram a pound sublimati of sublimed 
Snlphuris Sulphur ; duas two libras pounds 
fecentis of fresh Cialcis himei qu&tuor four 
coDgios gallons Aquie of Water ; 

Coque hoil Sulphur the Sulphur et and Calcem 
the Lime simul together in Aqu4 in thfi Water ; 
turn then cola str/im liqudrem the liquor per 
through chartam paper^ que and kiatiMa drop ei to 
it quantum as much as sit may be satis sufficient 
Acidi muriatici q/* muriatic Acidy ut f^^ Sulphur 
the Sulphur demittatur may be thrown down, 
Penique lastly, aqud water auperinfusft being 
poured thereon sepius frequently , lava wash hoc 
this donee until^&t it becomes insipidum tasteless. 

The water is decomposed in the first instanci^ and a 
hvch^guretted sulphuret of lime produeed by the oom- 
bmation of the lime and sulphur, the hydrogen of the 
water unitjog with a portion of the latter, and forming a 
hydrosulphuret : the oxygen combining.with another por- 
tion, forms sulphuric acid, which unites with the lime : 
so that a sulphate of lime and sulphuret of lime combined 
with sulphuretted hydrogent form the solution. Next, sul- 
phuretted hydrogen gas is. disengaged, the hydroguretted 
sulphuret being dccom|>osed by the muriatic add ; which, 
' uniting with the lime, forms a soluble muriate, when at 
the same iSme the sulphur becomes precipitated. 



77 



VEGETABILIA. 
VEGETABLES.. 



Vegetabilia Vegetables sunt are decerpenda 
to be gathered ex from locis the situations et and 
solo soil, ubi where nascuntur they growppente 
spontaneously, sicc^ in a dry tempestate season, 
nee neither madefacta made wet imbribus with 
showers, nee nor tore with dew; sunt they are 
colligenda to- be collected qu6tehnis yearly ; et 
and quae those which fuerint shall have^- been ser- 
vata kept diutiiks longer^ rejieienda (are) • to be 
thrown away". 

Radices roots, plerseque for the most part^ 
sunt are eflbdiendse to be dug antequam before 
caules- the stems aut or folia leaves exserant shoot 
forth. 

' CoRTtcES barks debent ought colligi to be col- 
lected ek in that tempestate season qua in which 
possint they are able separari to be separated 
fsiciWixahmost easily a ligno /rom the wood. 

•Folia leaves stint are decerpenda to be gathered 
postquam after fibres the flowers fuerint shall have 
expassi expanded ; et and antequam before semina 
the seeds maturescnnt are ripened^ 

ThotiES flowers sunt are legendi to be gathered 
buper when lately explicati unfolded. 

Semina seeds sunt arc colligenda to be collected 
jam when just matura ripe, et and antequam 

h3 



78 VBGETAALfid. 

before incep^rint ihey shall have begun dectd^re 
to fall hfrom plant& the plant Hec these debent 
ought servari to be kept in propnis in {their) 
proper pericarpiis seed vessels, 

VEGETABILIUM PR-ffiPARATtO. 
PREPARATION OF VEGETABLES. 

Vegetabilia Vegetables^ bren shortly postquam 
after decerpta fu^rint they shall have been 
gathered [and] leviter lightly strata spread out^ 
(illis those exceptis being excepted quae which 
oportet ought esse to be [used] recentiA fresh), 
exsicca dry qukm citissim^ as soon . as possible, 
calore with a heat tarn so leni gejitle ut that 
color the colour non mutetur may not be changed $ 
dein then conserva preserve them in locis in places 
vel or aptis proper vasis vessels, intercluso 
epccluded ncceasMfrom the access lummis of light 
at and huindris moisture, 

Reconde bury (those) RadIces Roots, quas 
which preeicepiraus we have ordered servari to be 
kept x^entes fresh, in siqcft in dry arenft sand, 
Seca cu^Radicem the Root Scill^b. of Squill ante 
before exsiccationem drying {it) transversim trans* 
versely in tenues into thin laminas slices, aridis 
the dried tunicis coats direptis being taken away* 

Sepone set aside pulposo^ pulpy Fructus 
Fruits, si if sint they be immaturi unripe, vel or 
maturi ripe et and sicci dry, in huniido in a moist 
loco place, ut that moUescant they may soften; 
6ein then exprime press out pulpas the pulp pec 
through setacQum a hair crlbrum sieve ; postea 
afterwards coqiue boil {it) lento with a slow igne jSre^ 



V 

VEOETABLBS. 79^ 

crehrbfrequently movens stirring* Dentque Uutly^ 
consume evaporate aquam the water aquoso -m 
a water balneo bath, donee until puipe the pulp' 
fiant becomes idonese of a proper crassitudinia 
thickness. 

Superinfunde pour ferrentem boiling aquam 
water contusis to the bruised Lo mentis Jpods 
CassYa of Cassia, ut that pulpa the pulp eluatur 
may be washed out, quam which primilm first 
expnme express per through cribnun a sieve gran- 
dionbus with large foraininibus holes, (^and) postea 
{ifterwards per through setaceum a hair {sieve) ; 
dcinde tlien consume evaporate aquam the water 
aquosotoi^^ a water balneo bath donee un^i/ pulpa 
the pulp habeat acquires iddneam a proper crassi- 
tudinem thickness. 

Expnme press out pulpaiii the pulp vel or succum 
juice maturorum q/* ripe et and recentium recent 
fructiium/nii^^per through cxiibxxim a sieve, nuUli 
no coctione boiling adhibit& being applied. 



GUMMI.RESIN.E. 
GUM'RESINS. 



Septra separate Opium Opium quhxn diligen* 
tissim^ as carefully as possible afrom alienis extras 
neous rebus things, prsesertim especially extemis 
from (tJiose) external. Servetur Opium /e< Opium 
he kept M olle Soft, quod which sit may be 
ftptum Jit ad io fingendas form pilulas pills j 



80 



GUM-AESINS. 



Ct and Durum Hard, quod which fuerit shall have 
been ita so exsiccatum dried aquoso in a water 
balneo bath ut that possit it may be able teri to be 
rubbed in into pulvSrem a powder. 

Gummi-Reslnse (those) Gum Resins sunt are 
habendse to he accounted pro optimis best, quae 
which fuerint shall have been electad chosen sAco 
so sinceree unmixed ut that sit there may be opus 
occasion null& puriticatidne for no purification. 
Quod but si i/* videantur they appear esse to be 
minus less purse pure, coque boi! [themi in aqu^ in 
water donee until mollescant they become soft, et 
and prelo with a press exprinie press per through 
cannabmum canvass pannum cloth ; dein then se- 
pone set aside, ut that resinosa the resinous pars 
part subsidat may subside. Consume evaporate 
super n&tantem the supernatant liquorem liquor, 
efi^sani poured off, aquoso in a water balneo hath, 
tesinds&the resinous parte part adject^ being added 
sub towards finem the end, ut tfiat coeat it may 
unite in unum into one cum with gummdsa the 
'gummy parte part. 

GuMMi-RESiNiE (those) Resinous Gums facil^ 
easily^ liquescentes Uquified possunt may he 
purificari purified injiciendo by thrcwing (them) 
in bubulam into ox*s vesicam bladder, que and to- 
nendo holding (them) in fervente in bAling aqu^ 
fcat^, donee until 6ant they become adeo so niolles 
soft, ut that possint they may be separari separated 
h. from sordibus impurities prelo by a press per 
through cannabmum canvass pannum cloth. 

Liq^ua dissolve BalsXmum the Balsam StyrXcis 
.of Styrax m recti ficato in rectified Spiritn Spirit, 
et and cola strain ^ ium then leni with a gentle 



£XFRE8SJSD 01L&. 81 

calore heat destiUet Spintus let the Spirit distil, 
donee until id5nea a proper crassitudo consistence 
fiat be formed bals&mo in the balsam. 



OLfiA EXPRESSA. 
EXPnESSED OILS. 



ol£um AMYGDALARUM. 

OIL OF ALMONDS. 

Mac^ra macerate vel either dulces sweet^vei or 
amaras bitter Amygd&las Ahnonds per for duode- 
cim twelve horas hours in aqu& frigidd in cold 
water, et and contunde bruise [them] ; deinde then, 
(quUo no calore heat adhibito being appUed), 
exprime express Oleum the (HL 

ol£um LINL 

LIN8JEEP OIL. 

Contunde bruise Semina the Seeds usitatissimi 
of common Lini Flax ; deinde then, (nuUo no ca- 
l5re heat adhibito being applied), exprime express 
Oleum the Oil. 

OL£UM RICINI. 

CASTOR OIL. 

Contunde bruise Semina the Seeds Ricini of the 
Ricinus, pelliciilis the husks demptis being taken 
away ; deinde then, (nullo no calore heat adhibito 
being applied), exprime express Oleum ike Oil. 



^2 DlSTlLtED OILI. 



OLfiA DESTILLATA. 
DISTILLED OILS. 

Oleum Anlsi Oil of Aniseed. 

AnthemTdis Chamomile. 

Cariii ■ Carraway, 

Junipgri Juniper. 

Lavandulae Lavender. 

Mefathae PipentaB ^ Peppermint. 

Menthae Viridis* -^ — ^ Spearmint. 

Origani Thyme. 

I^inientae Pimenta. 

Pulegii Pennyroyal, 

RosmSrini Rosemary. 

. Semina the Seeds Anisi of Anise et and Cariii 
Carraway, Flores the Flowers Anthemidis of Cha- 
momile et and. Lavandulae Lavender, Baccae the 
Berries Juniperi cf Juniper et and Pimentae Pi-^ 
menta, Cacuinina (and) the Tops Rosmarini of 
Rosemary, adhibenda sunt are to be employed; 
et and recentes the fresh herbae herbs reliquorum 
of the rest. 

Immitte put quodvis any horum of these in into 
alembicum an alembic, et and adjice add Aquae 
of Water quantum as much as contegat may cover 
id it (i. e, the whole), tum then destillet Oleum let 
the Oil distil in into amplum a large frigidarium 
cold vas vessel. 



* Mentha t;trjdM signifies literally green mint. 



DI8TILLBP OILS« .83 

Aqua the water^ quae which prodit comes oui 
(inter whilst desullandum distilling) cum with Oleis 
the Oils Cariii of Garraway, Mentliae piperltae Pep- 
permintf et and viridis Spearmint^ Pimento Pi- 
menta, et and Fulegii Pennyroyal, servetur should 
he preserved in /or usum use. 



ol£um succyni. 
oil of amber. 

Imniitte put Succinum the Amber in alembicum 
into an alembic^ ut that acTdus the a^id Liquor 
Xt^ttor, Ol^uTO the Oil et and Sal the Salt inquinatus 
impregnated oleo with the oil, destillent may distil 
balneo in a bath arenae of sand^ calore with a heat 
paulatim gradually aucto increased. Dein then 
Oleum destillet let the Oil distil iterum againf et 
and terti6 a third time. 



0L£UM TEREBINTHYNJE RECTIFICATUM. 

RECTIFIED OIL OF TURPENTINE. 

Recipe take octarTum a pint Olei of the Oil 
Terebinthmae of Turpentine; quatiior four 
octarios pints Aquae of Water ; 

Destillet OlSum let the Oil distil. 



84 DISTILLED WATERS. 

AQU.E DESTILLATJE. 
DISTILLED WATERS, 



AQUA DESTILLATA. 

DISTILLED WATER. 

Recipe take decern ten cohgios gallons Aquae of 
Water : 

Primiim Jirst destillent let there distil qu^tiior 
four octiarii pints, qiiibus which abjectis being 

thrown away, destillent let there distil quatiidr 
four coDgii gallons, Serra keep destillfttam the 

distilled Aquam Water in vitrei in a glass lagenft 

bottle* 

Singulis to each congiis gallon Aquarum of the 
Waters quae which sequuhtur follow, adjjfce add 
qumqae five fluiduncias fluid ounces tehuioris of 
proof SpintHis Spirit, ut that conserventur they 
may be kept integrse pure. 

AQUA ANETHI, 

WATER OF DILL. 

Recipe take llbram a pound contusorum of bruised 
iSeminum Seeds Anethi of Dill ; 

Affunde pour his to these tantum so much Aquae 
of Water, ut . that, post cfter destillationem dis- 
tillation, siipersit there may remain quod that which 
sit may be satis sufficient ad to probibendum pre- 
vent empyreuma empyreuma. DestiUet congifus 
let a gallon distiL 



D^STltLED WATfefift. . 85 

AQUA CAHtJrl. 

WATER OF CARR4WAT. 

Recipe take libram a pound coptusorum of bruised 
Seminum Seeds Cariii of Carraway ; 

Affunde.)>ottr his to ^lese t&htdm so mkch Aquse 
Water f ut that, post after destTllvXibnemdistillationf 
siipersit there may remain qii6d thai ivhich sit may 
be satis student ad foprobibendnm prevent empy- 
reuma empyreuma. Destillet coogius let a gallon 
distil, 

AQUA CINNAMOMI. 

WATER OP CTJSfNAMON. 

JEtecipe taXre Hbram a pound eotttilBi of bruised 
CordciB Bark Cinhamdmi of CHnnamon ; \rel or 
flcrupiilds quinqiie Jive scruples, potid^ by 
U)eight, CHei of the (HI Cinnaindtni cf Cinnamon $ 

Oleo to the Oil, vel or Cortici to the Bark ma- 
eerafo macerated in Aqii& in the Water per for 
viginti twenty et and qu^tiior four horas hours, 
aminde pour tantum so much Aquse Water, ut that, 
post after destillationem di)ftillation, s&persit there 
may remain quod that which sit may be satissti/^- 
dent ad to prohibendum prevent empyreuma empy- 
reuma, Destillet congius let a gallon distil. 

AQUA F(ENICeLI. 

WATER OF FENNEL. 

Recipe take libram a pound Seminum of Se^ds 
Fceniculi of Fennel contusorum bruised ; 

I 



86 DISTILLED WATBR8. 

Afiunde pour his to these tantuxn so much Aquae 
Water yUl that, post after destillationem distillation, 
supersit there may remain quod that which sit may 
be satis suffident ad to prohibendum prevent empy- 
reuma empyreuma. Destillet congius let a gallon 
distil- 

AQUA MENTHA PIPERITA. 

WATER OF PEPPERMINT, 

Recipe take libram a pound Mebthse ipiperitse 
of Peppermint exsiccatse * dried cum with se- 
^lisse half (apound) ; vel or tres three drachmas 
dramsy pondSre by weight, Olei of Oil Menthse 
pipentse of Peppermint ^ 

Herbse to the Herb vel or Oleo to the Oil affunde 
pour tantum so muc/i Aquae Water, ut that, post 
cfter destillationem dis^i/Za^n, supersit^^ere may 
remain quod that which sit may be satis sufficient 
ad to prohibendum prevent empyreuma- empy* 
reuma, Destillet congius let a gallon distil, . 

AQUA MENTHJE VIRIDIS. 

^JTER OF SPEARMINT. 

Recipe take Menthae viridis of Spearmint exsic- 
catae ^ dried libram a pound cum with semiase 
half (a pound) ; vel or~01ei of Oil Menthae vir- 
idis of Spearmint, pondere by weight, tres three 
drachmas drams ; 



* Ubi vihen recens the fresh herba herb adhibetur is em^ 
ployed, est it is utendum to he used dupio in a double pondere 
proportion* 



DISTILLED WATERS. 87 

Herbse to the Heih Tel or 01£o to the OH afiunde 
pour tantum so much Aquae Water, ut that, post 
cifter destillationem distillation, supersit there may 
remain quod that which sit may be satis sufficient ad 
to prohibendum prevent empyreuma empyreuma. 
Destillet congius let a gallon dtstil. 

AQUA PIMENT-E. 

WATER OF PIMENTA. 

Recipe take dimidiam half libram a pound con- 
tusarum of bruised Baccarum Berries Fimente 
of Pimenta ; octanum a pint Aquae of Water ; 

Macera macerate Baccas the Berries in Aqu& in 
the Water per for viginti twenty qu&tiior four 
boras hours ; turn then adjice add tantum so much 
Aquae Water, ut that, post after destillatidnem dis* 
tillation, supersit there may remain quod that 
which sit may be s&tis siffident tid to probibendum 
prevent empyreuma empyreuma. Destillet congius 
let a gallon distil. 

I 
AQUA PULE GIL 

WATER OF PENNYROYAL. 

Recipe take libram a pound cum with semisse half 
(a pound) Pulegii of Pennyroyal exsiccati * 
dried ; vel or tres three drachmas drams, pon- 
dere by weight, Olei of Oil Pulegii of Penny- 
royal ; 

* Ubi when recens the fresh herba herb adhibetur is em- 
ployed, est it fir utenduitf /o be used duplo in a double pondere 
proportioru 

i2 



SB IKFUSXOMib 

Uerbe to the Herb vel or Ol^o to the OU afiuode 
pour tantuih so mitch Aqiue Water^ ut that^ post 
after destillationem distillation^ siipersit there may 
remain quod that which sitmay be s^tls sufficient ad 
to prohibendum prevent empyreuxn^' empyreuma^ 
Destillet congius let a gallon distiL 

AQUA RoSi& 
WATER OF ^OSE^ 

Recipe take Petalorum of the Petals centifblis * of 
the Damcuk Rose octo eight li bras pounds ;. 

His to these affunde pour tan turn so much Aqus 
fVateTtVLt that, post after destillatidnem distHiation, 
siipersit there may remain quod that which sit may 
be satis sufficient id to prohibendum pr^^n^ eropy- 
reuma empyreuma, Destillet congius let a gallon 
distiL 



INFtTSA. - 
INFUSIONS. 

INFCSUM ANTHEMIDIS. 
II^FUSION OF CHAMOMILE. 

Recipe take duas two drachmas drams Florum of 
the Flowers Anthemidis of Chamomile ; dimi- 
dium AaZf octarium a pint ferventis of boiling 
AquBd Water; 



* Centifolia> hundred or many leaved. 



INFUSIONS. 89 

MacSra macerate per for sextam the sixth par- 
tem part hoTBd of an hour^ in vase in a vessel ]e- 
Tit^r lightly clauso covered, et and cola strain, 

INFUSUM ARMORACI^ COMPOSITUM. 
COMPOUND INFUSION OF HORSE-RADISH. 

Recipe take recentis of fresh Radicis Root 
. Armoraeiffi of Horse-radish conclsae sliced; 
Seminum of Seeds Sinapis of . Mttstard con- 
tusonim bruised^ singulorum of each unciam 
an oufice ; fluiduDciam a fluid ounce compositi 
of the compound SpintCbs Spirit Armoracise of 
Horse-radish ; ferveiitis of boiling Aquse Water 
'^ octanum a pint ; 

Macera macerateRsidicem the Root per for duas 
two boras hours in Aqu& in the Water, in vase in 
a vessel clauso covered leVit^r lightly, et and cola 
strain ; turn then adjice add compositum the com- 
pound Spintum Spirit Armoraciffi of Horse-radish. 

INFCSUM AUEANTH COMPOSITUM. 
COMPOUND INFUSION OF ORANGE (PEEL). 

Recipe take exsiccati of dried Corticis Rind 
Aurantii of Orange duas two drachmas drams ; 
recentis of fresh Corticis Rind Limonum of 
Lemons dracbmam a dram; Caryophj^llorum 
of Cloves contusorum bruised diihidiam half 
drachmam a dram ; ferventis of boiling Aquae 
WqLter dipiidium ^aZf octanum a pint ; 

Macera macerate per for quartam the fourth 

Sartem part horae of an hour in vase in a vessel 
mthr lightly clauso covered^ et arid cola strain, 

i3 



90 INFUSIONf, 

INFtJSUM CALUMBiE'. 
INFUSION OF CALUMBA. 

Recipe taJce Calumbse qf Calumba concisae sliced 
duas two drachmas drams ; ferventis of boiling 
Aqu<e Water diknidium half octMrium a jnnt ; 

Macera macerate per for duas two horas hours^ 
in vase in a vessel levit^r lightly clauso covered^ et 
and cola strain. 

INFCSUM CARYOPHYLLOHUM. 

INFUSION OF CLOVES. 

Recipe take dracbmam a dram contusoriun.o/^ 
bruised Caryopbyllorum Cloves ; dimidiiim half 
octanum a pint ferventis of boiling Aquae 
^ Water ; 

• Macera macerate per for duas two hora» hourss 
in vase in a vessell&ntht lightly clauso covered^ e^ 
and cola strain, 

INFtJSUM CASCARILLJE. 

INFUSION OF CASCARILLA.^ ' 

Recipe take Corticis of the Bark CascariUae of Cos- 
canlla contusi bruised dimidiam half unciam 
an ounce; Aquae ferventis of boiUng Water dimi- 
dium half octarium a pint -, 

Macera macerate per for duas two liora3 hours, 
in vase in a vesselleYilht ligJUly clauso covered, et 
und cola strain. 



IKFUSI0N4. 91 

INPtJSUM CATiCHU COMPOSlTUM. 
COMPOUND INFUSION OF CATECHU. 

Recipe take duas two drachmas drams cum tvith 
semisse half (a dram) Extract! of the Extract 

, Catechu of Catechu ; dimidiam half drachmam 
a dram Corticis of the Bark CinDamomi of 
Cinnamon contusi. bmued ; Aquae ferventis of 
boiling Water dimidium half octanum a pint ; 

Macera macerate per /or horam an hour in vase 
in a vessel levit^r lightly clauso covered^ et and 
cola strain. 

INFUSUM CINCHCN^. 

INFUSION OF CINCHONA. 

Recipe take dimidiam half unciam an ounce 
Cortjfgi^ of Bark lancifolis^ qf lance-leaved Cin- 
chonse Cinchona contusi bruised; dimidium 
half octarium a. pint ferventis of boiling Aquae 
Water ; . ^ 

Macera macerate per for duas tvco horas hours 
in vase in a vessel levit^r lightly clausp covered^ et 
^nd cola strain* 

TNFtJSUM CUSPARIJE. 

INFUSION OF CU8FARIA. 

jRecTpe take duas two drachmas drams Corticis of 
the Bark Cuspariae of Cusparia contusi bruised j 
Aquae ferventis of bailing Water dimidium /tajf 
octarium a pint ; 

Macera macerate per for duas two horas hours^ 
J A va§e,i» a vessel \^y it^r ligUly clauso covered, ei 
and cola strain. 



92 IKFUSIONS. 

INFCSUM DIGITALIS 

INFUSION OF DIGITALIS. 

Recipe lake dracbmam a dram exsiccatorum of ^/ie 
dried Folidrum Leaves Digitalis of DigitaUs 
dimidiam ^a//fluidunciam a fluid ounce SpiritOs 
of Spirit Ciaiiamdmi of Cinnamon ; dimidiuhi 
Aa^octarium a pint Aquae ferventis of boilif^ 
Water ; 

Macera macerate p^r for qu^tiior four horas 
hour9 in vase in a vessel levTt^r lightly clauso 
covered^ et and cola strain ; turn then adjice add 
Spiritum the Spirit. 

INFtJSUM GENTIANiE COMPOSITUM^ 
COMPOUND INFUSION OF GENTIAN. 

• 

Recipe take Radicis of the Root Gentians of Gen' 
tian concisiB sliced^ exsiccati of the dried Corti- 
cis Rind Aur2Lntii of Orange, singul5rUm of eac^ 
dracbmam a dram; recentis of the fresh Corticis 
Rind Limdnum of Lemons duas two drachmas 
drams; AquBd ferventis of boilingWdter duod^im 
twelve fluiduncias ^uid ounces ; 

Macera macerate per for horam an hour in VStse 
in a vessel levit^r lightly clauso coveredy et and 
cola strain. 

INFtJSUM LINI COMPOSITUM. 
COMPOUND INFUSION OF LINSEED. 

Recipe take unciam an ounce Seminum of the 
Seeds usitatissimi of common Lini Flax contu-* 



iiipysioN3* 93 

sorum bruised ; dimidiam half unciam an ounce 
RadiQis of tke Root Grlyoyrrhizs of Liquorice 
concise sliced; duos two octanos pin /« Aquae 
ferventis of boiling Water ; 

Macera macerate per for ho^s quatiior four 
hours f prope near iga^m thefire^ in vase in a vessel 
levXt^ Ughtly clauso covered, et and cola strain. 



TNFtJSUM QUASSlJE. 
INFUSION OF aUASSIA. 

Recipe take scrupulum a scruple Ligni of the 
Wood Quassise of Quas»a concisi cut; dimidium 
half octarium a pint Aqu» ferventis of boiling 
JVater i 

Macera macerate per for duas two horas hours, 
in vase in a vessel levit^r lightly clauso covered, et 
and cola strain, 

INFtrSUM RHeI. 
INFUSION OF BfBVBAHB. 

Recipe take drachmam a dram Radicis of the 
Root Rhei of Rhubarb concisa sliced ; dimidium 
half octarium a pint Aqu» ferventis of boiling 
Water; 

MacSra macerate per for duas two horas hours 
in vase in a vessel levit^r lightly clauso covered, et 
and cola strain. 



94 INFUSIONS. 



INFCSUM ROSiB COMPOSYTUM. 

COMPOUND INFUSION OF THE ROSE. 

Recipe take dimidiam half unciam an ounce Feta- 
l5rum of the Petals GdAlicBd of the French Rosse 

• Rose [red Rose"] exsiccatorum dried ; tres three 
fluidrachmas fluid drams diluti of diluted sui- 
phurici sulphuric Acidi Acid ; unciam an ounce 
cum with semisse half (an ounce) punficati of 
purified Sacch&ri Sugar; duos two octanos 
pints cum with semisse hOflf (a pint) Aquae fer« 
ventis of boiling Water; 

Superinfunde pour Aquam the Water Pet&lis on 
the Petals Ross of the Rose in vitrSo in a glass 
vase vessel ; dein then immisce mix in Acidum^^ 
Jcid, et and macera macerate per for dimidiam 
half horam an hour. Denique lastly, cola strain 
liqu5rem the liquor, que and adjice add ei to it 
Saccb&rum the Sugar. 

INFtJSUM SENNiE COMPOSlTlIM. 
COMPOUND INFUSION OF SENNA. 

Recipe take unciam an ounce cum with semisse 
?talf (an ounce) Foliorum of the Leaves Sennse 
of Senna; drachmam a dram Radlcis of the Root 
Zingib^ris of Ginger concTsae sliced ; octarium 
a pint AqusB ferventis of boiling Water ; 

Macera macerate per for horam an hour in vase 
in a vessel ievit^ lightly clauso covered, et and 
cola strain liquorem the liquor. 



MUCILAGES. 95 

INPeSUM SIMAROtTB^. 

INFUSION OF SIMAROUBA. 

Recipe take dimidiam ^^drachmam a dram con^ 
tusi of bruised Corticis Bark Simaroubse . of 
Simarouba; dimidium /laZf octarium a pint Aquae 
ferventis of boiling Water ,- 

Mac^ra macerate per for duas two ho^s hours 
in vase in a vessel levit^r lightly clauso covered^ et 
and cola strain. 

INFlJSUM TABACI. 
INFUSION OF TOBACCO. ' 

Recipe taice drachmam a dram Foliorum of the 
Xeave«Tabaci of Tobacco, octanum a pint Aquae 
fervenUs of boiling Water ; \ 

Macera macerate per for horam an hour in vase 
in a vessel levit^r lightly clauso covered, et and 
cola strain. 



MUCILAGINES. 
MUCILAGES. 

MUCILAGO ACAClJE. 
MUCILAGE OF ACACIA. 

Redpe take qu^tuor four udcTas ounces Gummi 
of the Gum Acacise of Acacia contriti powdered ; 



96 DECOCTIOKS. 

dimKdium half octaifum q piftf Aquae feirentis 
of boilmg Water ; . . 

Tere rub Gummi the Gum cum with Aqu& the 
Water instillat^ dropped in paulatim gradually , 
doDec until abeat it changes in mucilagioem into 
a mucilage, 

MUCILAiJO AMtLI. 
MUCILAGE OF STARCH. 

Recipe take tres three drachmas drams Amj^li of 
Starch ; octanum a pint Aquae of Water ; 

Tere rub Amj^lum the Starch cum with Aquft 
the Water instillatll dropped iyi paulatim gradua% ; 
dein then coque boil donee until abeat it changes 
in mucilaginem into a mucilage. 



DBCOCTA. 
DECOCTIONS. 

DECOCTUM AL5ES COMPOSlTUM. 
COMPOUND DECOCTION OF ALOES. 

Recipe take Extracti of the Extract GlycyrrhTzae of 
Liquorice semunciaih halfan ounce ; Subcarbo- 
natis of the Suhcarhonaterotx^SiaxR of Potass duos 
two scrupiilos scruples ; Extracti of the Extract 
spicatae of spiked A15es ^^e« contriti bruised} 
Myrrhae of Myrrh contritae bruised ; Stigm&tum 
of the Stigmata Croci of Saffron^ ringuldrum of 



DECOCTIOWS. 97 

each dmchmBxn a dram; cotnpositse of 'com- 
pound 'Vihctatm Tincture Cardamomi of Car- 
damom quatiior four fluiduDcias fluid ounces ; 
Aquse of tVater octanum a pint. 

Dec5qae boil down Glycyrrhizam the Liquorice^ 
Subcarbonatem theSuhcarbonate^oXAs&» of Potass, 
Aloeo the Aloe, Myrrham the Myrrh, et and Stig- 
m&ta the Stigmata Croci of Saffron, cum with Aqui 
the Water, ad to du5deeim twelve ^mduncias fluid 
ounces, et und cda strain; tiim then adjice add 
compositam the compound Tincturam Tincture 
Cardamdmi of Cardamovu 

DECOCTUM CINCHSNiE. 

DECOCTION OF CINCHONA. 

Redpe take unciam an ounce Corticis of the Bark 
laocifolise of lance-leaved Cinchondi Cinchona 
contusi bruised ; octarium apint Aque of Water $ 

Coque boil per for sextam tfie sixth pB,rtem part 
hor» of an hour in v&se in a vessel leVit^r lightly 
dauso covered, et and cola strain liquorem the 
liquor adfauctoAi^s^calentem hot. 

DECOCTUM CYDONT^. 

DECOCTION OF QUINCE (SEEDS). 

Recipe take duas two drachmas drams Seminum 
of the Seeds CydoDiee of the Quince; octarium 
apint Aquee of Water; 

Coque boil lento with a dow igne^re per for 
sextam the sixth partem part horse qf an hour j 
dein then cola struin. 



98 DECOCTIONS. 

DECOCTUM DULCAMARA. 
DECOCTION OF BITTER SWEET.* 

Recipe take unciam an ounce Caulis of the Stalk 
Dulcamaree of Woody Night Shade, concisi 

- sliced ; octarium a pint cum with semisse half 
{a pint) Aquse of Water ; 

Decdque hoil down ad to octarium a pint et and 
cola strain. 

DECOCTUM H0RD£I. 

DECOCTION OF BARLEY. 

Recipe take duas two iincias ounces Seminum of 
the Seeds Uordei of Barley ; qu&tiior /our octa- 
nes pints cum toith semisse half (a pint) Aquae 
of Water ; 

Tnmhmjirst abliie wash away alienas the ex- 
traneous res substances adhaerentes adhering Semi- 
mbus to the Seeds Hordei of the Barley frigid^ {in) 
cold Aqu& ^a^er; deind^ then, dimidio half octh" 
rio a pint aquae of water afiuso being poured 
thereon, coque boilSemiDBL tlie Seeds paulisper 
a little while, Hkc this^ aquft water abject& being 
thrown away, superinfunde pour thereto quod that 
which eBt urSliquum left, (prius^r^^ fervefactum 
made hot) ; tum then decoque boil doioi^ ad to duos 
two octarios pints, et and cola strain, 

DECOCTUM H0RD£I COMPOSITUM. 
COMPOUND DECOCTION OF BARLEY. 

Recipe take duos two octarios pints Decocti of the 
Decoction Hordei of Barley ; duas two uncias 

* Woody Night-ahftd*. 



DECOCTIONS. 99 

ounces Fructi^ of the Fruit Canes of Figs con- 
cisi sliced'; dimidiam ^aZf unciam an ounce Ra- 
dicis of the Root GlycyrrhlzsB of Liquorice con- 
cisa$ sliced et and contusse bruised ; duas two un- 
cias ounces passarum of dried U varum Grapes 
{^Raisins'], ^inis the stones demptis being taken 
away ; octanuhi a pint Aquae of Water; 

. Dec5que boil down ad to duos two octAnos pints, 
•^t and cola strain. 



DECOCTUM LICHeNIS. 

DECOCTION OF ICELAND MOSS. 

Recipe take unciam an ounce Lichenis of Iceland 
Moss ; octanum a pint Aquse of Water cum with 
semisse half {a pint) ; 

Dec6que boil down ad to octanum a pint, et and 
cola strain, 

DECOCTUM MALV.E COMPOSITUM. 

COMPOUND DECOCTION OF THE MALLOW. 

Repipe take unciam an ounce exsiccatae of dried 
Malvee Mallow ; dimidiam half unciam an ounce 
exsiccatdrum of the dried Florum flowers Ad- 
themidis of Chamomile ; octanum a pint Aquae 
of Water; 

Coque boil per for quartam the fourth partem 
part horae of an hour, et and cola strain. 

K 2 



100 DECOCTIONS. 

DECOCTUM PAPAVfiRIS. 
DECOCTION OF F0FPIE8. 

Recipe take qu^tuorybur uncias ounces Capsuiarum 
of the Capsules Papaveris of the Poppy concisa- 
rum sliced ; quatiior/our octaiios pints Aquse of 
Water; 

Coque boil per for quartam the fourth partem 
part horae of an hour, et and cola strain. 

DECOCTUM QUJeiKCUS. 

DECOCTION OF OAK {BARK,) 

Recipe take unciam an ounce Corticis of the Bark 
Quercib of Oak ; duos two octaiios pinte Aqu« 
of Water ; 

Dec6que boil down ad to octarium a pint, et and 
cola strain. 

DECOCTUM SARSAPARILL^. 
DECOCTION OF SARSAPARILLA. 

Recipe take qulkXuor four uncias ounces Radicis 
of the Root Sara&parillse of Sarsaparilla concisse 
cut; qu&tiior^ttr octarios pinis Aquas, ferventis 
of boiling Water ; 

MacSra macerate per for quatiior four horas 
hours, in vase in a vessel clause covered levit^ 
lightly prope near ignem the fire ; dein then exime 
take out radicem the root Sars&p&rillee of Sarsapa- 
rilla et and contunde bruise {it) ; redde return {it) 
contusam {when) bruised liquori to the Uquor, et 
and macSra macerate it^rum again sunili in the 
like modo manner per for duas two horas hours, 



DECOCTIONS. 101 

dein then decdque boil down ad to duos two octa* 
nos pinto, et andcoia, strain. 

DECOCTUM SARSAPARILL^ COMPQSlTUM. 

COMPOUND DECOCTION OF SARSAPARILLA. 

Recipe take Decocti of the Decoction Sars&p^rillie 
of Sarsaparilla ferventis boiling qu&tiior four 
octarios pints ) Radicis of the root Sassafras of 
Sassafras conciss cut ; Ligni of the Wood 
Guai&ci of Guaiacum rasi shaved ; Radicis of the 
root GlycyrrhTzse of Liquorice contusee bruised^ 
singul5rum q/'eacA unciam an ounce ; Corticis of 
the 6ar/r Radicis of theRootMezerl^ ofMezereon 
tres three drachmas drams; 

Decdque boil down per for quartam the fourth 
partem part horse of an hour, et and cola strain. 

DECOCTUM SEN^G^. 
DECOCTION OF SENEGA. 

% 

Recipe take unciam an ounce Radicis of the Root 
SenSgee of Senega ; duos two octarios pinto Aquae 
of Water ; 

Decdque^boildoiffUBd to octanum apint,et and 

6ola strain. 

DECOCTUM ULMI. 

DECOCTION OF ELM {BARK) 

Recipe take qu&tfior /ovr uncias ounces recentis of 
fresh Corticis Bark Uimi of the Elm contCisi 
' bruised; qu&tuor /our octanos pints Aquae of 
Waters 

Decdque boil down ad to duos two octarios pints, 
et and cola strain. 

]l3 



102 EXTRACTS. 

DECOCTUM VERATRL 
DECOCTION OF {WHITE) HELLEBORE. 

Recipe take unciam an ounce iUdIck of the root 
Veratri of {white) Hellebore contrlue bruised ; 
duos two octanos pints Aquae of Water ; duas 
two fluidunciasy^Ki^ ounces rectificati of rectified 
SpiritCks Spirit ; 

Decdque boil down RadTcein the Hoot Veratri of 
Hellebore ex Aqu4 from the {whole quantity qf\ 
Water ad to octariuui a pint^ el and cola strain ; 
turn then, postquam after refrixerit it shall have 
cooledy adjice add Spiritum the Spirit. ' 



EXTRACTA. 
EXTRACTS. 



In preep^randis in preparing oamibus allExtrac- 
tis Extracts, consume evaporate hunrdrem the 
moisture quamprimilm as ^soon as possible balneo 
aqudso in a water bath, in patind in a plate, donee 
until iddnea a proper craasitudo thickness fiat 
be made ad to fingendas form piluleft pUls, et 
and sub towards finem the end move stir assidu^ 
constantly spath^ with a rod. 

Insperge sprinkle upon omnibus all mollioribus 
the softer Extractis Extracts pauliilum a little 
rectificati of rectified SpiritOte Spirit, 



BXT&ACTS.. ]QZ 

£XTR ACTUM ACONITI, 
EXTRACT OF ACONITE. 

Recipe take libram a pound Poliorum recentium 
of fresh leasees Aconid of Aconite; 

ContUnde bruise [thern] in mortana lapideo in 
a stone mortar, insperso sprinkled exigiio with 
a little aquse water; dein then exprime express 
succum the juic^i que and consume evaporate 
eum it non not defeecatum strained, [i. e. without 
straining] donee until habeat it acquire idoneam 
a proper crassitudinem consistence. 

EXTRACTUM AL5ES PURJFICATUM. 
PURIFIED EXTRACT OF ALOES. 

Recipe take Extracti of Extract Aloes spicatse of 
spiked Aides contriti powdered libram a pound ; 
Aqu» ferventis of boiUng Water congium a 
gallon; 

Mac^ra macerate per for tridiium three days 
leni caldre wUh a gentle heat ; d^n then cola 
straini et and sepone set aside ut that fkces the 
dregs subsldant may subside, Efiunde pour off 
defaecatum the strained liquorem liquor^ et and 
consume evaporate donee until habeat it acquire 
idoneam. a proper crassitudinem consistence.. 

EXTRACTUM ANTHEMIDIS. 
EXTRACT OF CHAMOMILE. 

Recipe take Florum exsiccatorum of dried Flowers 
Anthemidis of Chamomile libram a pound; 
Aquae of Water congium a gallon ; 



104 KXTRACrS. 

.1 

Dec5que boil down ad to quatiiar /our octanos 
pintSy et and cola strain liquorem tJie liquor 
adhuc wJUlst calentem hot; denique lastly , consume 
evaporate eum it donee until habeat it acquire 
idon&un a proper crassitudinem congistence, 

EXTRACTUM BELLADONNJE. 
EXTRACT OF BELLADONNA. 

Recipi) take libram a pound Foliorum recentium 
(ff fresh Leaves Belladonnse of Belladonna 
[deadly Night-shade'] ; 

Contunde bruise [iheni] in mortario lapideo in 
a sione mortar, insperso sprinkled exigiio with 
a little SiqvLdd water ; dein then exprime' express 
Buccum the juice, que and consume evaporate 
eum it, non not defisecatum strained [i. e« without 
straining] f donee until habeat it acquire iddneam 
a proper crassitudinem consistence. 

EXTRACTUM CINCHONA. 
EXTRACT OF CINCHONA. 

Recipe take Irbram a pound Corticis of the Bark 
Cincbdnse lancifolise of lance-leaved Cinchona 
contusi bruised ; eongium a gallon Aquse of 
Water ; 

Decdque boil down ad to sex six octanos pinis^ 
et and cola strain liqudrem the liquor adhqc tohUst 
calentera hot. E5dem in the same modo m>anner 
dec5que boil down ex from pari the like mensurft 
measure Aquae of Water quater /onr times^ et and 



EXTRACTS. 105 

ft 

cola t/rain. Denique Uuttiff consume evaporate 
liquores omnes all the liquors mistoa mixed ia 
uDum into one^ donee until habeant they acquire 
idonSam a proper crassitudmem consistence. 

Hoc this Extractum Extract debet ought ser« 
vari to be kept molle soft^ quod which sit may 
be aptum fit ad fingendas to form pilulas pills, et 
and DURUM hard^ quod which p^ssrit fMf ten ^e 
rubbed in pulverem i»/o a powder, 

EXTRACTUM CINCHONA RESINOSUM, 
RUSINOUS EXTRACT OJP CINCHONA^ 

Recipe take duas ^wo YihtdA^pounds Corticis of the 
Bark Cincbdncs laacifoKse of lance-'leaiyed Cin^ 
chona contusi bruised; congium a gallonSpirlt^ 
rectificati of rectified Spirit ; 

Macera . mftcerate per for quSktuor four dies 
days^ et and cola strati Destillet tiuctura let 
the tincture distil aquoso balneo in a water bath, 
donee untU habeat it acquire idonSam a proper 
crassitudmem consistence, 

EXTRACTUM COLOCYNTHIDIS. 
EXTRJCT OF COLOCYNTH, 

Recipe take libram a pound Pulps of the Pulp 
Colocyntbidis of Colocynth ; congium a gallon 
Aquae of Water ; 

Dec5que boil down ad to quatuor/our octarios 
pintSi et and cola strain liquoreni the liqrpor adhuc 



106 EXTRACTS. 

whilst caleDtem hot; denique lastly, consume 
evaporate eum it donee until habeat it acquire 
idoneam a proper crassitudinem consistence. 



EXTRACTUM COLOCYNTHXDIS 
COMPOStTUM. 

COMPOUND EXTRACT OF COLOCYNTH. 

Recipe take sex six uncias ounces Pulps of the 
Pulp ColocynihidAS of Colocynth concisse sUced; 
duodecim twelve uncias ounces Extracti of the 
Extract Al6^ spicatae of spiked Aloes contriti 
powdered ; quatiiorybiir uncias ounces Gummi- 
resins of the Gum^resin Scammonto of Scam-- 
mon^ 'contritss powdered } unciam an ounce Se- 
minum of the Seeds Card^momi of Cardamom 
contritorum powdered ; tres three uncias ounces 
duri of hard Saponis Soap ; congium a gallon 
SpintOs tenuioris of proof Spirit ; 

Macera macerate Pulpam the Pulp Colocynth- 
idis of the Colocynth in Spirltu in the Spirit leni 
cal5re with a gentle heat, per for quatridiium 
four days. Cola strain liquorem the Uquqr, que 
and adjice add A\6^n the ^^e, Scamniotieam the 
Scammonyy et and Saponem the Soap ei to it ; dein 
then consume evaporate Spiritum the Spirit j, donee 
until habeat it acquire iddneam a proper crassitu- 
dinem consistence, et and, sub towards finem the 
eudf admisce mix in Semina the Seeds Card&mdini 
of Cardamom, 



EXTRACTS. 107 

EXTRACTUM CONIL 

EXTRACT OF HEMLOCK. 

Recipe take libram apoumi Conli recentis of fresh 
Hemlock ; 

Contunde bruise (it) in mortano lapideo in a 
f^onemortor, insperso sprinkled exigiio with a little 
aqus water ; dein then exprime express succum 
the juice que and consume evaporate eum it non 
not defbcatum strained [i. e. without straining] ; 
donee until habeat it acquire idoneam a proper 
crassitudmem consistence, 

EXTRACTUM ELATeRW. 

EXTRACT OF ELATERIUM. 

Scinde cu^Pep5nes maturos the ripe FhiitElaiern 
of wild Cucumber, et and c5la strain succum the 
juice levissim^ lightly expressum expressed per 
through tenuissimum a very fine cribnim seta- 
ceum hair sieve in vas vitreum into a glass vessel ; 
deinde then sepdne set (it) aside per for aliquot 
some horas hours^ donee until crassior the tlucker 
psispart subsederit shall have subsided, SuperD&- 
tante the supernatant tenui5re thinner parte part 
reject^ being rejected, exsicca dry crassiorem the 
thicker partem part leni calore with a gentle heat, 

EXTRACTUM GENTKAN-aE, 
EXTRACT OF GENTIAN, 

Recijpe take libram q pound Radicis of the Root 
Gentianse of Gentian conclsse sUced ; congiam 
a gallon Aqu» ferventis of boiling Water ; 



108 EXTRACTS. 

Mac^ra macerate ye^ for v^nti twenty qvA- 
tdor four boras hour9 ; turn then decdque boU 
down ad to auatiior ^bur octAttoB pmts^ et and 
cola strain liqudreto the Uquor adhuc whilst 
calentem hot ; denique lastly, consilnie evaporate 
eum it donee until habeat it acquire idoneam a 
proper erassitudineiB consistence, 

EXTRACTUM GLYCYRRHlZiE. 

EXTRACT OF LIQUORICE. 

Redpe take Itbram a pound Radicis of the Root 
Glycyrrhizae of Liquorice concTsse sliced ; con- 
^um a gallon Aquae ^ferventis of boiling Water; 

Macera fl)ac€Ta^e y^rfor viginti twenty ^atiior 
four horas hours ; turn then decdque boil down ad 

to quatiior/our oct&nos pints, kit and cola strain 

liquorem the liquor ^huc whilst calentem hoi; 
' denique lastly, consume evaporate eum it, donee 

until hab^t it acquire idoniSam a proper crtest- 

tudmem consistence. 

EXTRACTUM HJEM AT0X1?^L1. 

EXTRACT OF LOGWOOD. 

Recipe take libf&m apbundlApA^of the Wood 
fiaematoxj^li of Htematoxylon [^Logwood] eon- 
triti powdered; congium a gallon Aq^wid ferventis 
of boiling Water ; 

Macem'macerale pernor yiginti twenty quatiior 

four horas hours ; turn then dec6que boil down 

ad to quatiior four octai^os pints, et and cola 

train hqu5rem the liquor adhuc whilst caletitem 



EZTRACfg, 109 

hot} denique i<Mi(^, cpnaume ^aporate eum t^, 
donee until habeat it (icquire idda^am a proper 
crassitudiaem coHHstenee, 

EXTRACTUM HUMtLI. 
EXTHACT OF THE BOP. 

Recipe iake cjuatuor four uncias ounces Stro* 
bKloriiin* of the Strobiles Humtili of the Hop ; 
eongYum a gallon Aqu«e of Water ; 

Pec5qu^ bail dqwn ad to qvoi^u^rfour octano^ 
pinis.9 et and cola strain liquorem thp liquor adhue 
v^hil^t calent^m. hot ^ demque ^^1^^, consume 
epapor^ite eum it donee Mntil h^b^ it ac^re 
idpn^a^ A pf9P^ crl^pit^di(neq;| cqnmtence^ 

BI^TR4CTyM ^YQgCTlltfl- 
BXTBACT OF BBITBANB. 

^leK^pe take libram a pouM Fpliorum vecei^^ui^ 
qf fresh Leofoes Hyoscy^ini vf Henbane i 

Cqntunde bruise (them) in mortaiio lapid^o in 
a stone mortar, insperso sprinkled exifgao with 
a Uttle SiQvud water f dein then exprfme express 
Auccum the juice, que and consume evaporate 
eum it non not defbcatum strained [i. e« without 
straining], donee until habSat it acquire idon^am 
a proper crassitudinem consistence. 



^ikfoMTM ligaiflei an tutkkoke, ^faidi the ^omUt of 
the bop i«tembUsUif(nictiir«— -wb«i^lb9n|H]i»r« 



1 1 EXTRACTS. 

EXTRA CTUM JALlPJE, 
EXTRACT QF JALAP. 

Recipe take libram a pound Radlcis of the Root 
Jal&ps of Jalap contritse powdered ; quatiior 
four octarios pints SpiritCte recti6cati of recti" 
fied Spirit ; congium a gallon Aquae of Water ; 

: Macera macerate Radjcem the Root Jalapae of 
Jalap in Spiritu in the Spirit per for quatrtduum 
four days, et and efiuiidQ pour off, tincturam the 
tincture. '' Decdque boil down residuum the resi- 
due ex Aqud yrow the [whole quantity q/"] Water 
ad to duos two octanos pints. Dein then, cola 
strain tincturam the tincture et and decoctum 
decoction separatim separately ; et and hoc con- 
sumatur let this [the decoction] be evaporated ,• ilia 
destillet let that [the- tincture'} -be distilled donee 
until utru^nque each spissescat become thick. 
Fostremb lastly, misce mix et and consume eva- 
porate Extractum the Extract cum with Resmk the 
Resin,' donee until habeat it act^uire iddnean^ a 
proper erassitudinem consistence., 

Hoc this Extractum Extract servetur should be 
kept MOLLE soft, quod which sit may he aptum 
fit ad fingendas to form pUiilas pills, et and 
DURUM hardf quod which possit "may be ten 
rubbed in pulverem into a powder, 

EXTRACTUM LACTtJCJE. 
EXTRACT OF LETTUCE. 

Recipe take libram a pound foiiorum recentjum 
of fresh leaves Lactucae of Lettuce s 



EXTRACTS. Ill 

Contunde bruise (them) in mortario lapideo in a 
stotie mortar, insperso sprinkled exigiio with a 
lit fie Aquse Water : dein then exprime express 
succum the juice, que and consume evaporate 
eum it non not defs^catum strained [i. e, without 
straining], donee until habeat it acquire idoneam 
a proper crassitudinem consistence. 

EXTRACTUM OP!l. 
EXTRACT OF OPIUM. 

Recipe take sedecim sixteen uncias ounces'Opn of 
Opium concisi sliced ; cohgium a gallon Aque 
ef Water ; 

Adjice add exiguum a little aqu» water Opio 
to the Opium, et and macSra macerate per for 
duod^im twelve horas hours, ut that ihollescat it 
may grow s(^ ; turn then, reliqu^ the remaining 
Aqu& Water mstillatsl being dropped in paulatim 
gradually, tere rub (them) donee until miscean- 
•tur they are mixed quam Qptim<b very well, et and 
sepdne set aside, ut that faeces the dregs subsidant 
ffiay subside ; dein then cola strain liqu5rem the 
liquor, et and consfime evaporate donee until 
habeat it acquire ' idoneam a proper crassitudinem 
consistence, 

EXTRACTUM PAPAVfiRIS. 
EXTRACT OF POPPY. 

Recipe take libram a pound Capsularum of Cap- 
sules Papaveris of the Poppy contusarum 
bruised, demptis seminibus being deprived of 

l2 



1 13 BZT11ACT6. 

the Seeds i congiam d gallon Aqutt ferrentb of 
hoUing Water ; 

MacSra macerate per f of viginti tu>enty quatiior 
four horas hours ; turn then decdque boil down 
ad to qu&tuok- four octanes pints, et and c6\ik 
strain liqudrem the liquor adhuc whilst calentem 
hot ; denique lastly^ constime et)aporate eum it 
donee until bab&tt* it acquire idoneam a proper 
crassitudinem consistence. • 

£XTRACTUM RHlI. 

EXTRACT QF BBUBABB. 

Becipe take libram a pound Radicis of the Root 
Khei of Rhubarb contnts powdered ; octarium 
a pint Spiritib teniuoris of prw^ Spirit ; septem 
seven oetarios pmts Aqun ^ Water j 

Mac^ra macerate per for quBind^nmfbur days 
leht calore with a gentle heat ; dein then cola 
strain, et and sepone set aside, ut that fseces the 
dregs subsidant may subside. Effunde pour off 
liquorem the liquor, que and consume evaporate 
eum it defaecatum (when) strained, donee until 
habfot it acquire idonSam a proper crassitudinem 
consistence, 

EXTRACTUM SARSAPARILLiE. 
EXTRACt OF SARSAPARiLLA. 

Recipe take libram a pound Radicis of the Root 
Sarsaparillee of SarsapariUa conciste ^icei t 
centum a gallon Aquae ferrentis of boiUng 
water; 



EXTRACTS. 1 13 

Macera macerate per for viginti twenty qu&tiior 
four horas hours; turn then decdque boil down 
ad to quatuor four octarios pints, et and cola 
strain Hquoreoi the liquor adhuc whilst calentem 
hot ; denique lastly , consume evaporate eum it, 
doiiec untU habeat it acc^ire idoneam a proper 
crassitudinem consistence* 

^ EXTRACTUM STRAMONfl. 
EXTRACT OF STRAMONIUM. 

Recipe take libFam a pound Seminum of the Seeds 
Stramonii of Stramonium ; congium a gallon 
Aquse ferventis of boiling Water ; 

Macera macerate per for horas quatuor four 
hours in vase in a vessel leviter l^htly clauso 
covered prope near ignem the fire ; dein then 
exime take out Semina the Seeds, et and contunde 
bruise {them) in mortat^o lapid^o in a stone 
' mortar ; redde return them (when) contusa bruised 
liqudri to the liquor ; turn then dec5que boil down 
ad to quatuor four octarios pints^ et and cola 
strain liquorem the liquor adhuc whilst calentem 
hot. Denique lastly, consume evaporate eum it, 
donee until habeat it acquire idoneam a proper 
crassitudinem consistence. 

EXTRACTUM TARAXACI. 
EXTRACT OF DANDELION. 

Recipe take libram a pound Radicis * recentis of 
fresh ^ Root Tarax&ci of Dandelion conjusae 
bruised; congium a gallon Aq^ffi. ferventis of 
boiling Water ; . * 

l3 



1 14 M i&itrmkV. 

Mflf^Shi mac&aie petfyr t^inti twenty quatuor 
fbuT faoras hours \ turn then dec6que boil down 
ad to quatuor four octanos pints, et and dola 
strain ^uorem 1^ ft^vor adhuc whilst calentem 
hot J denique lastly, consume evaporate eum it, 
donee until faab&tt t^ acquire iddDea.m a proper 
crassitudmem consisten<ss. 



MISTURiE. 
MIXTVRJ^& 

MISTCRA AMMONIXCI. 
laXTVBE OF {GUM) JMMONIAC. 

R^pe take duas two drachmas drams Ammoni^ 
<lf{Gtan) Ammoniac; dimtdSum half oetanum 
a pint Aqan of Water ; 

Tare ruh Ammoni&cam the AmritonUtc euSh wHh 
Aqu& the Water instili§.tft dropped iH 'pauKftito 
gradually, donee until misc^ntur they dre mixed 
qukm optim^ very well [as ioell as pdisibl^. 

IHISTUItA AMY^^DlLARUM. 

JKTJrrrJRS OF-ALMONIXS. 

Redfpe tak^ duas two unc^is ounoes Confeetioius 
qf the COf^'Mion AmygdaHurum of Mnonds ; 
octariihn d pin;t Aqu» destBHto of dutiUed 
Water $ 



mXTUKIS. 



H5 



Adjice add Aquam the Water Confectidni to 
the Confection Amygdalarum of Almonds paulatim 
gradually inter terendum ivhiUt tubbing, donee 
until misceantur they are mixed ; deiu then cola 
strain. 



MISTtJRA ASSAFOETlTDJE. 
^IXTXTRE OF ASSAFCETIDA. 

Recipe take duas two drachmas (/rams AssafcBtidse 
of Assqfceiida ; dimidium half octarium a pint 
Aquae of Water ; 

• ♦ * 

Tere rub Assafoetidam the Assqfcetida cuin with 
Aqu& the Water instillatft dropped in paiilatim gta-- 
dually^ donee until misceantur they are ftiixed 
quitm optim^ very ioell {as well as^posribUi], 

MJSTt7RA CAMPHdRiB* 
MIXTURE OF CAMPRbn. 

Recipe "take dii^idiam half dVachmam a dram 
Campbdre of Camphor ; decein ten minima mi» 
nims Spiritiis rectificati of rectified Spirit ; octa- 
rium a pint Aquse of Water ; 

Tere rub Campli6ram the Campfior primiim 
first cum with Spiritu the Spirit, deinde then cum 
tpith AquR tf^e Water instiUatll dropped in paula- 
tim gradually^ et and cola strain. 



116 MIXTURES. 

' MISTtJRA CORNU USTI. 
MIXTURE OF BURNT {HARTS') HORN 

Recipe take duas two uncias ounces Corniium us- 
torum of burnt (Harts* J Horns; unciam an ounce 
Gummi of Gum Acaciee of Acacia coiitritipoir- 
dered; tres three octarios pints Aquae of Water ; 

Dec5que boil down ad to duos two octarios 
pints, movens stirring assTdu^ constantly; turn 
then cola strain. 

MISTtjRA CRETJE.. 
MIXTURE OF CHALK, 

Recipe ^aAre dimidiam AaZ/* unciam an ounce Cretae 
pr&eparatae of prepared Chalk ; tres three drach- 
mas drams Sacchari purificati of purified Sugar ; 
dimidiam na// unciam an ounce Acaciee Gumnii 
of Gum Acacia contriti powdered ; octanum a 
pint Aquae of Water ; 

Misce mix, 

MISTURA FERRI COMPOSlTA, 
COMPOUND MIXTURE OF IRON. 

Recipe take drachmam a dram Myrrhae of Myrrh 
contritae powdered ; viginti twenty quinqiie^ve 
grana grains Subcarbonatis of the Subcarbonate 

• Fotassx of Potass; septem seven fluiduncias 
fluid ounces cum with semisse half fan ounce) 
Aquae Rosse of Rose Water ; scrupulum a scru" 



Mtaci-uliBB. 117 

pU Sulpiiatis o/Stttphcite Tern Of Iron contfitse 
powdered ; dim\di9Lm half fluiduncrain a fluid 
ounce Spiritfiis of Spirit Myristicae of Nutmeg ; 
drachmam a dram Saccb&ri purificati of purv' 
fied Sugar ; 

Tere rub simul together Myrrbam the Myrrh cum 
with Spiritu the Spirit Myristicee of Nutmeg et and 
Subcarbonate the Subearbonate Potass» ofPotasSy 
que and his to these^ inter whilst terendum tri' 
iurating, adjice add pnmiiiny?r«^ Aquam the Water 
Ilosse of the Rose, cum with Saccbaro the Sugar, 
delude then Sidpb^tem the Sulphate Ferri of Iron. 
Immitte put misturam the mixture statim immedi" 
ately in into idoneum a proper vas vitreum glass 
vessel, que and obtQra stop id it. 

The snlphurie acid of tiie milpliftte of iron hayiBg a 
greater affinity fbr the potass of the subcarbonate than for 
the iron, unites with it, forming a sulphate qf potatt in 
solution; whilst the Carbonic add of the subcarbonate, 
thus set free, unites witii the iron, formmg a subearbonate 
of tron, which is held mechamcaUy in solution by the 
myrrh. 

The mixture should be kept excluded frofn the air, 
otherwise the iron will rabidly absorb oxygen ; it is best, 
therefore, to make it when required to be used, and should 
be sent out in draughts. It may not be improper to re- 
mark, that any medicines containingi substances speedily 
affected by the atmosphere, are best sent in this form. 

MISTtTRA GUAUCI. 
MIXTURE OF GUAIACUM. 

Recipe UUce drachmam a dram cum with seikiisse 
hgtlf (a dram) Oummi^^resmae of the Qum-^esin 



118 MI&TUABS. 

GuaiiUd ofGuaiacum; dims two drachmas drams 
Saccbliri purificati of purified Sugar ; duas two 
fluidrachmas fluid drams Mucilagmis of the 
Mucilage Gummi of Gum Acacias of Acacia ; 
octo eight fluiduncias fluid ounces Aquae of the 
Water Cinnamomi of Gnnamon ; 

Tere rub Guaiacum the Guaiacum cum with 
Sacch&ro the Sugar^ delude then cum with Mucila- 
gine theMucilagCt que and his to these^ inter whilst 
terendum triturating^ adjice add Aquam the 
Water Cinnamomi of Cinnamon paulatim gra*- 
dually, 

MISTtTRA MOSCHI. 

MIXTURE OF MUSK, 
Recipe take Moschi of Musk, Acaciae Gummi oj 
Gum Acacia contriti powdered^ Sacchari purifi- 
cati of purified Sugar y singuldrum of each drach- 
mam a dram ; Aquae Rosae of Rose Water sex 
six fluiduncias fluid ounces ; 

Tere ruh Moschum the Musk cum with Sac- 
charo the Sugar^ deinde then cum with Gummi 
the Gum, Aqu^L.the Water Bjossh of the Rose instil- 
lat& being dropped in paulatim gradually* 

SPIRITUS. 
SPIRITS. 



ALC6H0L. 

Recipe take congium a gallon Spiritib rectificati 
of rectified Spirit ; tres three libras pounds Sub- 
carbonatis of the Subcarbonate Potassse of 
Potass ; 



SPIRITS. 119 

Injice throw in libram abound Subcarbonatis q/* 
the Subcarbonate Potassse of Potass (pnus first ca- 
lefactam heated ad to trecentesimum the 300th 
gradum degree) Spiritiii to the Spirit, et and macera 
macerate per for viginti twenty quatuor/our horas 
hours, movens stirring saepiils frequently ; turn 
then Spiritiii to the Spirit, [tirhen'] efiuso poured off, 
adjice add Subcarbonatis Potas^ae of, the Subcar- 
bonate of Potass quod that which est t^ reliquum. 
left, calefactum heated ad to eundem the same gra- 
dum degree ; deniquc lastly, balneo aquoso with 
a water bath, destillet Alc5hol let the Alcohol distil, 
quod whic?i est is seirandum to be kept in vase in 
a vessel obtuiato stopped. 

Specif icum the specific pondus we^ht Alcoholis 
of Alcohol est is ad to pondus specif icum the spe- 
cific weight Aquae destillatae of distilled Heater, ut 
as. 815 ad to 1.000 [octingentae 800 e't and quin- 
decim 15 (partes sequales equal parts sunt are) ad 
tomille 1000 (of the like equal parts)."] 

The water contained in the rectified spirit having a 
greater affinity for the alkali than for the alcohol, unites 
with it, and remains in the retort whilst the alcohol is 
brought over by distillation. 

SPIRITUS AMpiONt^. 
SPIRIT OF AMMONIA. 

Recipe take tres three octanos pin^. Spiritiis tenu- 
loris of proof Spirit ; quatiior yo«r unciM ounces 
Muriatis of the Muriate Ammoniac of Ammonia j 



120 SPIRITS. 

sex nx uiicias ouncet Subearbooatia of the Sub^ 
earhonate Potassae of Fotan, 

Misoe tnix9 et and destiUet let there dktil oct%- 
riuA a pint cum with semisse half [a pinf] lento 
igae witk a slow fire in receptac&lum into a receiver 
tnge&ctuni meuie cooL 

A mwiate ofpotau is fonxied by llie unioa of the potesB 
of llie subcttbonate with the muiiatio and of tho muriate 
of ammonia ; the ammonia and caitionic acid tfans li- 
berated unite and fonn ocarbuwtte ofammonia^ which, com- 
biniog with the alcohol, is brought orer by distillation. 

SPIRITUS AMMONIA AROSfATlCUSL 
AAOMATIC SPIRIT OF AMMONIji. 

Recipe talce Corticis of Bark CinpwndtfA of Cm- 
namon contusi bfimed^ C^opbyU5nifn qf 
Cloves coDtusdnim brui^d» aingludrum ^ each 
duas two drachoiaB d^wns t qv^ai^rfou^ m)<9a« 
ounces CortIci3 of the Pfel (4iUQnum (^Lemons; 
diniiifiam halfnhnm a pound Subc^rbpnatisqf 
the Subcarbonate Pptasssp of Potass } quinque,/Sbe 
uncias ounces Muriatis <^ the MuHate Axamor 
mar; of Ammonia ; quatiior four octarios pints 
Spiritilks rectificati of rectified SpitUi ooDgium 
a gallon Aqu» of Water ; 

Misce mix et and destillent let there distil sex 
six ootsani pints* 

In addition, t^ tfa(9 former procesi, ^ epui$ }^8^ ^tjfts 
up the aromatic properties of the spices ordered* ^ 



spiRiTua AMuomm pgetidus. 

FOSTID SPIRIT OF AMMONIA, 

ReeSpe take duos two octarios pints SpiritCks of the 
Spwit AmmoniK of Ammonia ; duas two uneKas 
ounces Assafoetldce of Ass(tfatida ; 

]{ii^eFa macerate ^€vfor duodecim twelve horas 
hours, turn then lento igne with a tilow fire destillet 
octarius let a pint distil cum with semisse half 
(q pint) ia r^ceptAciiluin into a re^^mr frig^siatom 

SPIRITUS AMMONIA SUCCINATUS. 

SUCCINATBD SPIRIT OF AMMONIA. 

Recipe take tres three drachmas drams Mastiches 
p/ Mastich : novem nine fluidrachmas Jfuu^ 
drams SpintCbs rectificati ofrectyied Spirit]; aua- 
tuordecim /qur^een mmima minims Olei of ^he 
Oil Ifayandulse of Lavender ; quatuor /our ipH 
ma^s^ minms Olei of the Oil Succini of Amber ; 
decem ten fluiduncias fluid ounces Liqudris of 
the i4iqyfOr Ammomee of Ammonia; 

Macera macerate M asticheri the Mastich in Spi- 
ntu in the Spirit, ut that liquetur it may he dis' 
solved, et and effunde pour o^f tincturam defaeca- 
iam the clear tincture ; turn then adjtee add c^t^ra 
the either [ingredients'] et and ag^U shake onuua 
the whole simul together. 



122 SPIRITS. 



SPIRITUS ANISL 
SPIRIT OF ANISEED. 

Recipe take dimidiain AaZ/'libram a pound Semi- 
num of the Seeds Anisi of Anise contusorum 
bruised; congium a gallon Spiritds tenuioriao/ 
proof Spirit ; quod that which sit may be satis 
sufficient Aquae of Water ad to prohibendum 
prevent empyreuma empyreuma ; 

Macera macerate per/or viginti twenty quatiior 
four horas hours ; tiun then congius destillet let a 
gallon distil lento igne with a slow fire. 

SPIEITUS ARMORACl^ COMPOSlTUS, 
COMPOUND SPIRIT OF HORSERADISH. 

Recipe take Radicis recentis of the fresh Root Ar- 
moraciss of Horseradish concisse sliced^ Corticis 
eksiccati of the dried Peel Aurantii of Orange^ 
singuloruni of each libram o pound ; Myristjfcse 
Nucleorutn of Nutmegs contusorum bruised 
- dimidiam half unciam an ounce ; SpintC^ tenu- 
loris of proof Spirit congium a gallon; Aquae of 
Water quod that which sit may be satis suffident 
ad prohibendum to prevent empyreuma empy^ 
reuma; 

Macera macerate per for viginti quatiior tcoen^ 
four horas Jwurs ; turn then destillet congius let a 
gallon distil lento igne with a slow^fire. 



SPIRITS. 123 

SPIRITUS CAMPH5EiE, 
SPIRIT OF CAMPHOR. 

Recme take quatiior /our uncias ounces Camphdrae 
of Camphor ; duos two octarios pints SpiritCks 
tecXh&CA^i of rectyied Spirji ; 

Misce mix, ut that Camph6ra the Camphor 
liquetur may be dissolved. 

SPIEITUS CARttl. 
SPIRIT OF CARRAWAY. 

Recipe take Seminum of the Seeds Cariii oj Car^ 
ravoay contusdrum hrinsed libram a pound cum 
with semisse half (a poundj ; Spirit^ tenuioris 
of proof Spirit congium a gallon ; Aquas of 
Water quod that which sit may be satis sufficient 
ad prohibendum to- prevent empyreuina empy^ 
reuma ; 

Macera macerate per /or viginti quatuor twenty ^ 
four hoiias hours ; turn then destillet congius let a 
gallon distil lento igue with a slow fire. 

SPIRITUS CINNAMOMI. 
SPIRIT OF CIIfJSrAMON. 

Recipe take scrupiilos quinque . fi:oe scruples, 
pondere by weight, Olei of Oil Cinnani5mi of 
.Cinnamon ; quatiior/our octarios pints cwni with 

m2 



1 24 spiRiff • 

semiase half (a pint) SpintCis rectificati of recti- 
fied Spirit ; 

Adjice add Spit^tutn the SpitU fMo to the Oil, 
et and affunde pour thereto tantum so much Aquae 
Water, ut l^t pdst after destillatidtiein dxsHUatUm 
supersit there may remain quod l^t which sit may 
he satis suffident ad to prohibendum prevent em- 
pyreuma empyreurha ; tHm tAen lento igne vAth a 
slowfre destillet congius let a galUfn ^HL 

SPIRYTUS GOLCHICI AMMONIATUS. 

AMMONIATED SPIRIT OF MEADOW 

SAFPRON. 

Recip^ take duas two nhdas oundss SekHittUm 6f 
the Seeds Cotohici bf Meado0) Saffron contu- 
sorum bruised; octaiium a pint SpiiitAs Am- 
mon!® Aromatici of the Aromatic Spirit of 
Ammonia j 

Mac^ra macerate per/or quatuordecim ^tmrfeen 
dies days, et and cola strain, 

SPIRITUS JUNlPfeRI COMPOSIXUS, 
COMPOUND SPIRIT OF JUNIPER, 

Recipe take Bacdwum of iBerries Juniperi of 
Juniper contusarum bruised libram a pound; 
Seminum of Seeds Cariii ofCarraway contuso- 
mmbrnisedf Semiaum of the Seeds Foenicdli 
cf Fennel qontusdrum bruised^ singulorum of 
each unciam im ounce cum with semisBe half 



SPIRITS. lio 

(an ouncey ; SpiritCb tenuioris of proof Spirit" 
congium a gallon ; Aquae of Water quod that 
which sit may be sa^is sufficient ad prohibendum 
to prevent empyreuma empyreuma ; 

Macera macerate perj^ viginti quattior twenty- 
four boras hours ; turn then destillet congius let 
a gallon distil lento igne with a slow fire. ^ 

SPIRITUS LAVANDtJLiE. 
SPIRIT OF LAVENDER, 

Redfpe take duas two libras pounds Florum recen- 
tium of fresh Flowers Lavandulae of Lavender ; 
con^um a gallon Spiritils rectiticati of rectified 
Spirit; quod that which sit may be satis sufficient 
Acfase of Water ad to prohibendum prevent 
em^yrevLmA empyreuma; 

Macera macerate per/or viginti quatiior twenty- 
four boras hours ; turn then destillet congius let a 
gallon distil lento igne with a slow fire. 

SPIRITUS LAVANDCL-E COMPOSITUS. 

COMPOUND SPIRIT OF LAVENDER. 

Recipe take SpiritAs of Spirit Lavandulae of La- 
vender tres three octarios pints ; SpintiLs of 
Spirit Rosmarini of Rosemary octarium a 
pint ; CortTcis of Bark Cinnamomi of Cinnamon 
cX)ntusi bruised^ Myristicae Nucledrnm of Nut-- 
«n£g«.contusdrum bruised^ singulorum o/" eacA 
dimidiam half unciam an ounce; Fterocavpi 

M 3 



126 tl^lRlT*. 

Ligni cf red Saunders Wood concisi diced uq- 
ciam an ouffce f 

MacSra macerate per/ortjuatuordecim fourteen 
dies daysy et and cola siram, 

SFiRiTUS Mentha viferitm. 

SPIRIT OF PEPPERMINT. 

Recipe take pond ere by toeight scrupulos sex six 
scruples culn mth semisse half (a scruple) OlSi 
of Oil Menthn piperkae (f peppermint ; octanes 
quatiior four pints cum with semisse tialf (a 
pint) Spiritiis rectificati of rectified Spvrvt ; 

Adjfee add Spintum the Spirit Oleo to ihA Oil, 
et and affunde pour thereto tantum so mncA Aquae 
Water, ut th<xt supereit there may remain post 
q/)(^ destillatidnem disHUation quod thai which 
sit may be satis sufficient ad to prohibendum pre-^ 
ventetn^yreumhempyreUma; turn then lento igne 
with a slow fire tLestiHet coiigii)(S'*te^ a gettUm 
distil. 

SFIRITUS MENTHJE VIRIDIS. 
SPIRIT OF SPEARMINT. 

Recipe take pondSre by weight scrupiilos sex mix 
scruples cum with semisse half (a scruple) Olei 
of Oil Mentbs viHdis of Spearmint; quatiior 
four octanos pints cum with semisse half (a 
pint) Spiritib rectificati cf rect^ed Spirit; 

Adjice add Spiritum ^e Spnrii Ol^o to the OU, 
et and affunde pour thereto tantum so much Aquae 



znRiTB. 127 

Water, ut that post after destillationem distilla' 
Hon supersit thxre may remain quod that which sit 
may he satis u^fficient ad to prohibendum prevent 
enipyreuma empyreuma ) turn then lento igne with 
a ^^Jirt d^tillet cot^giKS let a gallon distil* 

S]PIRITUS MYRISTXCJE. 
SPIRIT OF NUTMEG. 

Recipe take Myristicse Nucledrum of Nutmegs 
contirsrdrum bruised uncias duas two ounces ; 
Spifitfta tenmoris of proof Spirit congium a 
gallon ; Aquae of Water quod that which sit 
may be satis sufficient ad prohibendum to pre- 
vent empyreuma empyreuma ; 

Macera macerate per for viginti quatiior twenty- 
four boras hours ; tum then destillet congius let a 
gallon distil lento igne with a slow fire, 

SPIMIT OF PIMENTA. 

Recipe take Baccarum of Berries Fimentse of 
Pimenta contusarum bruised duas two uncias 
-ounces ; SpintiUs tenuioris of proof Spirit con- 
^um a gallon ; Aquse of Water quod that 
'which sit may be satis sufficient ad prohibendum 
to prevent empyreuma empyreuma ; 

Miil;^ *w»6^irt6 'per/or vf gi Mi quat^c^r twenty- 
^fifltr h^i^as heurs ; M&ea '4ken lento igne loith a sloio 
jire <lest^tet congStis let <i gaUon '(&til. 



] 28 Sf iRitft. 

SPIRITUS PULEGII. 
SPIRIT OF FENNYROTAL. 

Recipe take scrupiilos septem seven scruples, 
pondere by weighty Olei of Oil Puleg(i of Penny' 
royal ; q^uatiior four octarios pints cum toith 
semisse half (a pint) Spiritiis rectificad of reo 
tified Spirit; 

Adjice add Spirituin the Spirit Oleo to the Oil, 
et arid affunde pour thereto tantum so much Aque 
Water^ ut that post after destillationeim distilta-' 
tion ^upersit there may remain quod that which sit 
may he satis sufficient ad fo prohibendum j[>reven< 
empyreuma empyreuma ; turn then lento igne with 
a slow fire destillet congius let a gallon distil, 

SPIRITUS ROSMABINI. 
SPIRIT OF ROSEMARY. 

Recipe take unciam an ounce pondere hy weight 
Olei of the Oil 'Ko%va2J\m of Rosemary ; congium 
a gallon Spiritiis rectificati of rectified Spirit ; 

Adjice add Spintum the Spirit Oleo to the Oil, 
et and affunde pour thereto tantum so much Aquae 
Water, ut that post after destillationem distilla^ 
tion supersit there may remain quod that which sit 
may be satis sufficient ad to prohibendum prevent 
empyreuma empyreuma; turn then lento igne 
with a slovyfire destillet congius let a gallon distil* 



T1NGTUEE«^ 129 



TlNCTURiE. 
TINCTURES. 



Omnes all ITincturje Unclures debent oiLght 
pneparati to h/e prepared in vn&is vilt^ii in glass 
vessels clsnisis stopped (close), et and agitaii to be 
^shuken ssepiia often inter \xihxlst macerandum ma^ 
cemUng. 

TINCTCRA AL5ES. 
TINCTURE OP ALOES* 

Recipe take Extracti of Extract Aides spicatse of 
spiked Aloes contriti powdered dimidiam half 
unclam an ounxe^ Sztraotii^Eitroct^Glycyr- 
rbizae of lAquorice unciam an ounce cum with 
Eeanasehalf fan ounce) ; Aquee of Water octa- 
num a pint ; SpirMs rectificati of rectified 
Spirit quatiior /our fluiduncias fluid ounces ; • 

Macera macerate per for quatuordecim fourteen 
dies daysy et and cola strain. 

TINCTtTRA AL5ES COMPOSITA. 
COMPOUND TINCTURE OF ALOES, 

Recipe iake Extracti ef Extract Aides spicatse of 
spiked Aloe^ contriti powdered^ Stigm&tum 
«f Stigmata Crod of Saffron, singulorum of 



130 TINCTURES. 

each tres three uncias ounces ; Tinctune 
of Tincture Myrrhee of Myrrh duos two octa- 
rios pints; 

Mac^ra macerate per /or quatuordecimybur/een 
dies days^ et and cola strain, 

TINCTURA ASSAFGETID-ffi. 
TINCTURE OF A8SAF(ETIDA. 

Recipe take quatuor/ou r uncias ounces Assafoetidse 
of Assafcetida; duos ^o octarios pinto Spiritfts 
rectificati.o/* rectified Spirit'; 

Mac^ra macerate per /or qxiatnord^cim fourteen 
dies days, et and cola strain, 

TINCTORA AURANTII. 

TINCTURE OF ORANGE (PEEL). 

Recipe take Corticis recentis of fresh Peel Aurantii 
of Orange tres thrise uncias ounces ; Spintds 
teniudris of proof Spirit duos two octanos pints; 

MacSra macerate per for quatuordeclni four* 
teen dies days^ et and cola strain, 

TINCTtRA BENZOYNI COMPOSlTA. 

COMPOUND TINCTURE OF BENJAMIN. 

Recipe take tre^ three uncias ounces Beuzoini of 
Benzoin ; duas two uncias ounces Bals&mi of Bat' 
sam Styi^is of Styrax colati strained ; un<Hain 
an ounce Bals&mi of Balsam Toliitani of Tabu ; 



TINCTURES. ]31 

unciam dimidiam half an ounce Extracti of Ex- 
tract Alogs spicats of spiked Aloes ; duos two 
octanos pints Spiriths rectificati of rectified 
Spirit; 

MacSra macerate per for quatuord^im/our^eeyt 
dies days^ et and cola strain. 



TINCXeRA CALUMBiE. 
TINCTURE OF CALUMBA. 

Recipe take duas two uncias ounces cum with se- 
misse half {an ounce) Calumbse of Calumha 
concisffi sliced ; duos two octanos pints Spiritfks 
tenuioris of proof Spirit ; 

Macera macerate per/pr quatuord^cim /our^een 
dies day Si et and cola strain, 

TINCTtJRA CAMPH5R-ffi COMPOSITA. 

COMPOUND TINCTURE OF CAMPHOR. 

Recipe take Campb5rse of Camphor duos.^coo 
scrupiilos scruples ; duri Opii of hard Opium 
contriti powdered, Addi Benzoici of Benzoic 
Acidy singulorum of each drachmam a dram; 
Spint(iB tenuioris of proof Spirit duos two octa- 
nos pints ; 

Macera macerate per for quatuord^cim/ot/r^een 
dies days, et and cola strain. 



132 TiHGTUSBS. 

TINCTORA CANTHABIDI& 

TINCTURE OF SPANISH FLY. 

Recipe take drachmas tres three drams Caniha- 
ridis of Spanish Fly contuss bruised ; octarios 
duos Upo pints Spirit^ tenuioris of proof Sfnrit ; 

Macera macerate net for qusLtaordecim fourteen 
dies days, et and cola strain. 

TINCTdRA CAPStCI. 

TINCTURE OF CAPSICUM. 

Recipe take unelam an ounce Baccilrum of the 
Berries Capsiei of Capsicum; duos two oetanos 
pints SpidtCbi tenmoris of proof Spirit ; 

Macera macerate per /or quatuordecim /our^een 
(Kes days, et and cola strmn. 

TINCTtJRA CARDAMOMI. 
TINCTURE OF CARVAMm^ 

Recipe take uncias tres three ounces Seminum of 
Seeds Cardamomi of Cardamom contusonim 
bruised; octarios duos twa pints ^^ritfys t^pui^ 
pris of proof t^ptrii ; 

MacSra macerate per for quatuor^Sckn /our^em 
^es days^ et and cols^ strain, 

TINCTtJRA CARDAMOMI COMPOSlTA. 
COMPOUND TIN(!T^RE QF CARDAMOM. 

Recipe take Seminum of Seeds Cardamomi of 
Cardamom, Seminum of Seeds Cariii of Carra- 



TIVCTURBS. 133 

way. Cocci (and) of Cochifi^alt singulorum of 
each contritorum bruised duas two drachmas 
drams ; Corticu (^Bark Cinnatadmi €f Cinnamon 
contusi bruised dimidiam half unciam an ounce j 
passarum of dried Uvaruni grapes [raisins'], 
acinis the stones demptis being taken out^quatuor 
four uDCias ounces ; SpintiU tenuiorU Qf proof 
Spirit duos two octarios pints ; 

^ Macera macerate per for quatuordecim/^tirtoen 
dies daySf et and cola strain* 



TINCT&RA CASCIRILLJL 

TIKCTUMM OF CASCAJEtlLLA- 

Recipe take Cortioia of Bark Caao&nUn of Casoa^ 
riUa conUiti powdered quatiior four uncias 
ounces s Spirit^ tenuiens of proof Spirit duos 
two octar¥o$ pints ; 

MacSra macerate per for quatuord^tm/owr^eit 
dies days, et and cpla strain, 

TTNCTCEA €AST0R£I. 

TINCTURE OF CASTOR. 

Recipe toZreduas two uncias ounces Castorei of 
Cantor contriti powdered } Spirittks rectificati of 
rectified Spirit duos two octariQ? pints ; 

M^oSra maoeri^te per far septem ieven dku days, 
t% and ooIbl strain. 



134 TINCTURES. 

TINCTORA CATfiCHU. 
TINCTURE OF CATECHU* 

Recipe take uncias tres three ounces Extracti of the 
Extract Catechu of Catechu ; uncias duas two 
ounces Corticis of the Bark Cinnamdmi ofCinna- 
mon contusi bruisid -, duos two octarios pvnU 
Spint(is tenuioris of proof Spirit ; 

MacSra macerate iperfor quatuordecim/ourfeen 
dies days, et and cola strain, 

TINCTtJRA CINCHONA. 

TINCTURE OF CINCHONA {BARS). 

Recipe take Corticis of the Bark Cinchonae lanci- 
foliK of lance-leaved Cinchona contriti powdered 
septem seven uncias ounces ; Spiriti^ tenuioris 
of proof Spirit duos two octarios pinfo ; 

Macera macerate per for quatuordgcim four- 
teen dies days, et and cola strain, 

TINCTORA CINCHON-E AMMONIATA. 

AMiiONIATED TINCTURE OF CINCHONA 

{BARS), 

Recipe take Corticis of the Bark Cinchonse lanci- 
fou8B of lance'leaved Cinchona contriti powdered 
quatiior /oMr uncias ounces ; Spiritds aromatici 
of aromatic Spirit Ammoniee of Ammonia duos 
two octarios pints ; 



TINCTUAES. 135 

Mac^ra macerate per /or decern ten dies dayi, 
et and cola strain. 

s 

TINCTtjRA CINCH5NJE COMPOSITA* 
COMPO UND TINCTURE OF CINCHONA {BARK.) 

Recipe take Corticis of the Bark Cinchdnse lanci- 
foliee of lance'leaved Cinchona contnti powdered 
duas two uncias ounces ; Corticis of the Peel 
Aurantii of Orange exsiccati dried unciam an ounce 
cum with semisse half (an oz.) ; Serpentariae 
Radicis of Serpentary Root contuss bruised tres 
three drachmas drams; Stigia&ivanoftheSt^ma^ 
ta Croci of Saffron drachmam a dram ; Cocci of 
Cochineal contiiti powdered duos two scrupiilos 
scruples ; Spiriti^ tenuioris of proof Spirit 
yi^ntitwenty^mdixnciasjiuid ounces; 

Macera macerate per for quatuordecim ybur^een 
dies days, et and cola strain, 

TINCTtJRA CINNAMOMI. 

TINCTURE OF CINNAMON. 

Recipe take Corticis of Bark Cinnamomi of Cinna- 
mon contusi bruised tres three uncTas ounces ; 
Spirited tenuioris of proof Spirit duos ttioo 
octarios pints ; 

Macera macerate per for quatuordecim four- 
teen dies days, et and cola strain. 

TINCTtJRA CINNAMOMI COMPOSlTA. 

COMPOUND TINCTURE OF CINNAMON. 

Recipe take Corticis of Bark Cinnamomi of Cin-- 
namon contusi bruised sex six drachmas drams ; 

N 2 



136 TIMCTUABS. 

Senitium of Seedt CMrdamomi of Cardamom 
contusorum bruised tres three drachmas drams ; 
FructCb of the Fruit Piperis longi of long Pepper 
conttf ti potPtlered, Ibialcis of root Ztngiberis of 
mnger ccmci^ slv^^ singuldmm of each duas 
tmo dracbmafi drains ; SpintCks teniuoris of proqf 
Spirit duos two octarron pint9 ) 

Macen macerate "per for quatuordecimybnf feeii 
dies daysy et and cola strmn. 

TINCTURA PIOITAUS. 

Tincture of maitALis. 

Re<;!pe take Folidrum o/* Leaves Digit&lis o^ the 
Foxglove ex^ccatdrum dried quatuor/b«r uncias 
ounces $ SpHtib tenutoris of proff Spirit duos 
^199 octarios pints ; 

Macera macerate per for quatuordecim/otcr^een 
dies daySf et and isoui «lfizm« 

TINCTffRA 0]fcNTlANJfi COMK)StTA. 
COMPOUND TINCTURE OF GENTIAN. 

Reope take Radicis of the RootGeatianm of Gen* 
tian conciss sliced duas two uucias ounces ; 
Corticis of the Peel Aurantii of Orange exsiccati 
dried unciam an ounce ; Seminum of Seeds Car- 
damomi of Cardamom contusorum bruised dimi- 
diam /taff untiam an ounce ; Spirittis teniuoris 
of proof Spirit duos two octanfos/Hii^ ; 

MacSra macerate per for quatuordecim ./vurMn 
dies dtfjft, et ttnd cdia strain. 



TINCTtTRB-S, 197 

TINCTtJRA GUAIICI. 

TINCTURE OF GUAIACUM. 

Recipe take Grummi-resTns of the Gum^resin 
Guai^i of Guaicum contntse powdered libram 
dimidiam half a pound ; Spiritiis rectificati of 
rectified Spirit octanos duos two pints ; 

Macera macerate per for quatuord ecim /ourteen 
dies days, et and cpla strain. 

TlNCXeRA OUAIACI AMMONIATA. 

AMMONIATED TINCTURE OF GUAIACUM. 

Recipe take Gummi-resinse of the Gum-resin 
Guai&ci of Guaiacum cbntrits powdered uncias 
quatiior/otir ounces; Spirit{is aromatici o/* aro- 
matic SpirU Ammonise of Ammonia octarium a 
pint cum mth semisse haif (a pint) ; 

MacSra macerate per for quatuordecim /our ^een 
dies days, et and cola strain^ 

TINCTtTRA HELLEB5RI NIGEL 

TINCTURE OF BLACK HELLEBORE. 

Recipe take Radicis of Root HeIIeb5ri nigri of 
. black Hellebore concisse sliced quatiior ybur 

uDcias ounces ; Spiritib tenuioris of proof Spi- 

rit duos two octanos pints ; 

Macera macerate per for quatuordecim ybur^en 
dies days, et and cola strain, 

- n3 



)3d TINCTUaBS. 

TINCTCRA HUM&LI. 

TINCTURS OF MOP- 

Recipe take Strobilonim^ of the StrMles UamiUi 
0^ the Hop ^uinque^t^e uncias ounces ; Spintiis 
tenuioris of proof Spirit doos two octanos 
pints; 

MaC^ra nmcerate pernor (^t^tor^i^im fourteen 
dies days, et and cola .^rain« 

TINCTURA HYOSCYAMI, 
TINCTUJRE OF HENBANE. 

Recipe take Foliorum of Leaves Hyoscy^rai of 
Henbane exsicoatoram dme^qaftturor/our uncias 
vtmces \ Spiriltfis tetitiSorb of pfoof Spirit duos 
two octar¥os pints ; 

Macera macera^ ip&cfor quatuord^ciiiiyetirie^it 
dies daySy et and cola strain, 

TINCTtTRA JAL1PJS« 

TINCTURE OF JALAP. 

Recipe take Radicis of the "Root Jal^ae of Jalap 
conttitae powdered octo eight uncias mincer ; 
Spiritiis tenuioris of proof Spirit duos iu^o octa^ 
nospintsj 

^ Maeera macerate per/or quattiordecim/cwrfeefi 
dies days, et and cola strain. 

• See Note, page K)9f 



TINCTVftBS. 139 

TINCTCRA KIJNO. 

Recipe take Kino of Kino contnti powdered trcs 
threi uncjias ounces ; SpiritCks rectilicati of ree^ 
tified Spirit duos two octarios pints ; 

Mae^va maoerate per jfbr qimtuQird«cim/»«r£eefi 
dies da^»t et and eola stram* 

TINCTCRA MYRRIiaE:* 

TINCTUnS OF MTnnH. 

Recipe take M3rrrhae of Myrrh contuse bruised 
quatiior /ovr uncias imnoes ; SpirhOs rectificati 
of rectified Spirit tres three octarios pitits ; 

Macera macerate ^rfor qaatuordecim/ouriee;n 
^iies daysy et €md eota strain* 

TXNCTUEA OPII. 

TINCTURE OP OPJtTM> 

B i e clp fe ^ke OpYi duri of hard (^pimn oontriti 
pomiered duas two tmcSas ounces cum with se«. 
fnfisse half {an oz») ; SpMttls tentriforis of proof 
Spirit duos two octarios pints ; 

Mae^fti macerate per for quatuord^cim fourteen 
dies days, et and eoSa strain. 



140 TIMCTUVE^. 

TINCTtJBA RHfil. 
TiNCTURE OF RHUBARB. 

Recipe take Radicis of the Root Rhei of Rhubarb 
conclsse sUced duas two uncias ounces ; Semi- 
num of Seeds Cardamdmi of Cardamom contu- 
sorum bruised diraidiAra haffnnciBin an ounce; 
Stigm&tam of the Stigmata Croci of Saffron 
duas two drachmas drams ; Spirit0s tenuioris of 
proof Spirit duos two octanos pints; 

MacSra macerate per for quatuord^imyb«rfeeii 
dies days, et and cola strain. 

TINCTORA RH£I COMJPOSITA. 

COMPOUND TINCTURE OF RHUBARB. 

Recipe take Radicis of the Root Rhei of Rhubarb 
concisse sliced uncias duas two ounces; Radicis 
of Root Glycyrrhizffi of Liquorice contus» 
bruised unciam dimidiam half an ounce ; Radl 
CIS of Root Zingib^ris of Ginger concisse sliced, 
Sdgm&tum of the Stigmata Croci of Sajron, 
singuld^m of each duas two drachmas draii» j 
SpiritOii tenuioris of proof Spirit octarium a 
pint; Aquse of Water duodecim twelve fluid- 
uncias Jluid ounces ; 

MacSra macerate per for dies quatiiord^iin 
fourteen days, et and cola strain. 



TIMCTVIBS. 141 

TINCXeR^ SCILL^. 
TINCTURE OF SQUILL. 

Recipe take Radicis cf Root SqilliB ^ SqmUl 
rec^ns fietofy exsiccatse dried quatiior /our uneias 
ounces ; SpirMs tenuioris of proof Spirit duas 
two octailoft pi*it$ f 

Macera macerate per fot dies qutitiuordecim 
fourteen days, et cmd cola strain* 

TINCTt^RA SENNiB. 
TINCTURE Of SiSNNA^ 

Recipe take Foliorum of Leasts Sennas of Senna 
uncias tres three ounces ; Seminum of Seeds 
Canii <^ Carrawai/ oonliisdnim bruised drach- 
mas tres three drams ; Seminum of Seeds Car- 
damSiai bf CdtUxkn^m ifeontusdrum bruised 
drachmam a dram ; Uvarum passarum of dried 
Or apes [Ramns^, Hd[ti!s ihe stones demptw being 
t^en out, unciaii quattior j^»r owiices ; Spiritiis 
tenuioris tjf proof Spirit octartos duos two 
pints ; 

Macera maieerate per for quatuordMm four* 
teen dies days, et and cola strain * 

TINCTCRA l%RFBKTAE!iE. 
TINCTUHn OF SSRPJ&^^ABT. 

Recipe ta^< Radicis of the Root Serpentai^se of 
Serpentary «ndas tres three ounees ; Sptritiis 



142 TINCTURES. 

tenutoris of proof Spirit octarios duos two 
' pints ; 

Macera macerate per/br quatnordecimybtirte^ii 
dies daysy et and cola strain* 



TINCTCRA VALERIANiB. 

TINCTURE OF VALERIAN. ' 

Recipe take Radlcisqf the Root Valerians of Fa- 
Urian uncias quatuor/otcr owfices^ Spirit^ te- 
niuoris of proof Spirit octanos duos two pints; 

MacSra macerate per for quAtaordiSciin fourteen 
diea days, et and cola strain. 

TINCCTRA VALERIANJE AMMONIATA. 

AMMONIATED TINCTURE OF VALERIAN. 

Recipe to/reRadicis of the Root Valerianse ofVa^ 
lerian uucias quatiior four ounces $ Spiritds 
aromatici of aromatic Spirit AmmoniSB of Am- 
monia octanos duos two pints s 

MacSra macerate per for dies quatnordecim 
fourteen days^ et and cola stram. 

TINCTCRA ZIN6IB£RIS. 
TINCTURE OF GINGER. 

Recipe take Radicis of the Root Zingib^ris of 
Ginger concisse sliced uncias duas too ounces ; 



PI^BPARATIONS OF iBTBBt. 143 

Spiitt^ re6tificati of rectified Spirit ocUrTos 
duos two pints s 

MacSra macerate per for quataordecim/owr- 
teen dies days, et and coin strain. 



JETHEREA. 
PREPARATIONS OFM THEtL 

JETHER &ULPHURYCUS. 

SULPHURIC JETHEB. 

Recipe take SpiritCks rectificati of rectified Spirit, 
Acidi sulphuric! (ancQ of sulphuric Add, sin- 
gulorutn of 6ac&, pondere hy weight, libram a 
pound cum with semisse ha^ (a. pound) ; 

Infunde pour Spiritum the Spirit retortas vitrese 
to a glass retort, que and adjice add Acidum the 
Add ei to it paulatun gradually, ssepibs frequently 
a^tans shakmg {it),et and csLvensiaking care ne lest 
calor the heat excedat should exceed centesimum 
the hundred vigesimum (and) twentieth gradum 
degree, donee until misceantur they are mixed, 
Dein then impone place (them) cauti^ cautiously 
in arenam in sdnd, priha first calefactain heated did 
to ducentesimum the two hundredth gradum de« 
gree, ut that liquor the Uquor ebuUiat may boil 

2uam celerrim^ as quickly as possible, que and 
&ther the Mther transeat pass over in tubulatum 
ii^o a tubulated receptaculum receiver, cui to whivh 
Vecipiens a receiving vas vessel sit should be apta-^ 



144 PUBfAKATIONrOP JBTHBB. 

XwKkJti$edt refHgQr&tuin coated glacYc with ice ?el 
or 2Lq\A water^ DesUUet liquor let the Uquar 
duiilp donee until %)lqw 9^me gniinfor h/^09^ pars 
'pari incipiat ihall (ejfiii tiransire topcus &ver, qu» 
wfticA conspidatur may be seen sub under ^there 
the JEiher m fundo at the bottom receptaciili of 
the receiver. Liquori to the Uquor qui which 
restat remains in retortft n ^A« retort mrsus og^ain 
afiundf j»«»r duodecim ^eboe uociaa oic»ce« Spiri- 
ttts rectificati of rectified Spirity ut that Mther the 
JEther destillet may distil simili modo in a similar 
manner.* 

JETHER RECTIFICATUS, 

Rectpe take quatnordMm fourteen fhiidundas 

fluid o%mees Mt)ukh snlphurfd of sufyhwfic 

Mther ; dimidiam l^ajf unciam an omce Potaane 

fusse offu9od Pota$s ; und^cim eleven fluidunc^ 

fluid ounces Aque desti\l&\»qf^till^ fV^teri 

"Ptivabmflrst liqua ^solve Potasaam the Poteut 
in duabus in two fluidunciis^id ounces Aquee of 
the Watery que and adjice add ^th^rem the 
Mther ei to it, agitans shaking {them) asafdu^ 
asnduouslyy donee until mi^ceantur they become 
mixed; turn theuy caldre unth a heat circ!ter of 
about centesiini the hundredth vfgesimi {and) 
twentieth gnkdta degree^ destillent bet there distil 
duodecim twelve fliiiduncuB fluid ounces MthMs 

* See tbe remarkB in the Pre&ce re^MBCdiig JEther, and 
nptpvrationt of Jfithcr. 



PREPARATIONS OF ATHER. ' 145 

• 

of JEther ex from reXorXk amplft a large retort in 
vas refirigeratum into a cooled vessel ; agita shake 
simul together destillatum the distilled (portion) 
cum with novem nine fliiidunciis/fui(2(mnc6« Aquae 
of the water, et and sepdne set (tfiem) aside ut thM 
Aqua the . water subsidat may subside. ' Denique 
lastly, efifuiide pour off supern&tantem the super* 
natant iBtfaSrem rectificatum rectified JEther, et 
and serva keep {it) vase in a vessel b^ne well ob- 
turate stopped. 



OL£UM iBTHERjeUM. 

Post q/'ter destillationem the distillaHon Mthens 
Bulphiirici of siUphuric Mther, lenito calore the 
heat being decrecuec?, destillet liquor let the liquof 
distil iterum again, donee untU spuma nigra a 
black froth intumescat swells vp ; turn then pro« 
tinils immediately rem5ve remove retortam the 
retort ab igne /rom the fire, Liquori to the liquor 
qui which restat remairis in retort^ in the retort, 
adjice add aquam watery ut that pars oleosa 
the oily part supernSltet may swim, Aufer take 
off banc . this, que and. admisce mix ei to it 
quantiun as much as^ sit may be satis sufft" 
dent Liqudris of Water Calais of Lime . [Lime- 
water'] ad saturandum to saturate Acidum the 
Acid quod which inest is present, et and agita 
shake (them) simul together. Denique Uzstl^, 
exime take off separatum the separated sethereurri 
ethereal ol^um oil. 



146 FRE^ARATIONS OP jBTttCft. 

SPIRITUS ^TH£RIS AROMATICUS. 

Aromatic WmiT of jETStsn. 

Recipe take drachmas tres three drams Corticis 
of Bark Cinnamomi gf Cinnamon contusi 
bruised ; drachmam a dram cum with semisse 
ha^ (a dram) Seminum of Seeds Cardamdnv 
of Cardamom con tritprum powdered ; Fructfts <^ 
Fhiit RpSris longi of long Pepper contriti pow- 
dered, Kadlcis rf Root Zingiberis of Ginger 
concise sUced, singuldnim of each drachmam a 
dram; SpaAitA ^f tlpUit Mth^m sulpburici of 
sulphuric Mther octarium a pint ; 

M«e^ra Hiaetnate ^vfdrejpkmstA^mf^ 
dies day9 \k vafiie vittSo ill a)^fiss iyeisel 6bt^tftCo 
stoj^y^, tt and coIa strain. 

StiRlTUS kTH^felS NiTittCt- 
NITRIC SPIRIT OF ^THER. 

Recipe take SpintCks re«it!ficati of reeled SpMi 
oc^rlds dnm two pkits ; Acidi i^ltrici ojf nt^Hc 
Acid pbttdere by weight unclas ties thr9e 
ounces; 

Adjice add Acidum ihe Acbd Spintiii to the 
Spirit paulatim gmduatltft ^t and misce mix, 
cavens taking care ne lest calor the heat excedat 
should exceed cehtesimum ithe hundred (and) 
vigesihuim twentieth gradum degree; ivim then 
Icni cal5re with a gentle heat 'deistillent let dis'tH 
\iginti quattior twenty-four fimdunc^K fluid ounces. 



SPiaiTUS iETHfiRIS SULPHURyCI. 

SPIRIT OF SULPHURIC JET HER. 

Recipe take JStberis rectificati of rectified JEther 
octanum ditnidium half a pint ; Spmtta^ recdfi- 
cad of rectified Spirit octarlum a pint; 

3PJRITU)? ^TmB.ia SJ^J^J^^VBXQl CQ^r 

P03|TttS. 

COMPOUND SPIRIT OF SULM^URIC .STMMJU 

Recipe take Spmttis of Spirit Mthlins sulphunci 
of sulphuric JEtf^^ Q^t^riuip, a pint; OVA 
^therei ofMthereal Oil inuidrachmas duas two 
fluid drams ;' 

Misce mix. 



VINA. 
WINES. 

VINtTM AL5£S. 
WINE OF ALOES. 



Bjecipe tai!r«'£xtracti of Extract Ald^ spicaUi^ of 
sjnked Aloes ui^cias octo ^ght ounces; Cortiqis 
of Bark Canellfle of Canella uncias duas two 
oi^nce^ ; ^pirMs ienuions of proof Spirit^ Aquee 

o 2 



148 WINES. 

destillatse (and) of distilled water, singulorum of 
each quatiior/oi^r octarids pints ; 

. Tere rub Aloen the Aloe in pulverem into a 
j^owder cum with aren& alb^ white sand, purgatft 
cleansed sordibusyrom impurities ; etiam also tere 
rub Corticem the Bark Canellse of Canella in pul- 
▼erem into a powder ; que and his to these mistis 
mixed inter among se themselves \i, e. together"], 
afiuude poitr Spiritum the Spirit, et and Aquam 
the water, Macera niacerate per for quatuordecim 
fourteen dies days, subinde frequently movens 
shakings et and cola strain^ 

VINUM COtCHtCI. 
WINE OF MEADOW SAFFRON. 

Recipe take libram a poun(2 Radicis recentis o/* 
fresh Root Colchici of Meadow Saffron cancisse 
sliced; quatuor four fluiduncias fluid ounces 
SpintC^ tenuioris of proof Spirit ; octo eight 
fluiduncias ^uu2 ounces Aquae destillatee of dis- 
tilled Water ; 

Macera macerate per /or quatuordecim fourteen 
dies days, et and cola strain, 

VINUM IPECACtJANHiE. 
WINE ^PF IPECACUANHA. 

Recipe take Radicis of Root Ipecaciianhse of 
Ipecacuanha cbntusss bruised uncias duas two 
ounces ; SpiritAs tenuioris of proof Spirit duo- 
decim twelve fluiduncias ^utci ounces; Aqine 
destillatss of distilled Heater viginti twenty 
fluiduncias^z/id ounces ; 



WINtf. 149 

Mac^ra macerate per /or quatuordSciin/o«rl€efi 
dies days, et an4 coU strain. 

yWUM OPl(I. 
fFINE QI' OPIUM. 

Recipe take Extract! of Extract Opii of Opium 
unciam an ounce. $ Cortkis qf Bark Cioiiamomi 
of Cinnamon contusi bruised, Caryophylldrum 
of Cloves canCusorum bruised^ singulorum of 
each drachinatn a dram ; SpiritOs^ teniiioris of 
proof Spirit sex six. il^iduncias jAitd ounces ; 
Aquee destillatee of (kstilled Water dec^n^ ten 
fluid uDcias^uuf ounces, 

MaeSra macerate per for dies octo eight days^ 
et and eola strain. 

VINUM VERATl^L 
WINE OF {WHiTJE) MMH>M90HB. 

Itectpe take Radicis of Root Vemtn of white 
Hellebore concise sliced uncias octo e^ht 
ounces; SpintC^s temudris. of proof Spirit 
octarium a pint ; Aquse destiilatie of distilled 
Water octaiimB a pint cum ufith semisse half 
iapi^t)s 

Mapdra macerate per for dies qita|uaidlcim 
fhurteen days^ et and cola ^rotn. 



o 3 



150 PREPARATIONS OF VINEGAR. 

ACETICA. 
PREPARATIONS OF VINEGAR. 

ACfiTUM COLCHICI. 
VINEGAR OF MEADOW SAFFRON. 

Recipe take Radicis recentis of fresh Root Col- 

cluci of Colchicum concisse sliced unciam an 

. ounce ; Acidi acetici diluti of dilate acetic Jdd 

octarium a pint) Spiritfts tenuioris of proof 

Spirit fluidunciam ajluid ounce ; 

Macera macerate Radicem the Root Colqhici 
of Colchicum cum with Acido the Acid in vase 
vitr^o in a glass vessel clauso clqsedi per for 
tres three dies days -, dein then exprime express et 
and sepone set aside^ ut that fseces the dregs 
subsidant may sUhnde ; denique lcistly\ liquori to 
the liquor defscato strained adjice add Spiritum 
the Spirit* 

ACETUM SCILLiE. 
VINEGAR OF SQUILL. 

Recipe take Radicis of Root Scillse of SquiU re« 
ehns' fresh exsiccatse dried libram a pound; 
Acidi acetici diluti of dilute acetic Acidoctanw 
sex six pints ; Spiritiis tenuidris of proof Spirit 
octai^um dimidium half a pint; 

MacSra macerate Radicem the Root Scillse of 
Squill cum unth Acido the Acid, leni caldre with 



PREPARATIONS OF HONEY. 151 

a gentle heaty in vase vitr^ in a glass vessel clauso 
tlosed per for viginti quatiior twenty-four horas 
hours ; dein then expniQe express, et and sepone - 
set aside iit that faeces the dxegs subsidaut may 
subside ; denique lastly, liqudri defsecato to the 
cleared liquor adjiceadd Spin turn the Spirit. 



MELLITA- 
PREPARATIONS OF HONEY. 



MEL DESPUMATUM. 

CLARIFIED HONEY. 

Liqua dissolve Mel the Honey in balneo aquoso 
in a water bath ; turn then aufer take o^spumam 
the scum. 

» 

MEL BOKACIS. 
HONEY OF BORAX, 

Recipe take Subboratis of Subborate Sod« of 
Soda contiitse powdered drachmam a dram ; 
Mellis of Honey jlespumati clarified unciam an 
ounce ; 

Misce mix. 

MEL ROS^. 

HONEY OF THE ROSE. 

Recipe take Fetaloriitn of the Petals Ross Gal- 
I1C8B of the French Rose {red rose"] exsiccatorum 



152 PRBPARATIONS OF HOMBY« 

dried uaclas quat&or f9ur <mncfs -, Aqu« fer- 
vends rf boHuig Water octarlos. Ufts three pints ; 
Meilift of Hoiiey despumUti cUvri^d Hbras quio- 
que^e pounds ; 

Macera macerate Petftla <Ae Petals Ross of 
<^ jRo«€ in Aqu& in fikc Witcr per for boras sex 
^ ^ottr« ; deinde then adjice add Mel the Honey 
liquori colato to the strained liquor, et and balneo 
aquoso in a water bath dec5que boil down ad to 
idonSam a proper cfassiliiduiem consistence, 

OXYMEL SIMPLEX. 

SIMPLE OXTMMLr 

Recipe take Mollis of Honey despiimati clarUied 
libras duas two pounds ; Acidi acetici diluu of 
dilute acetic Acid octarmm a pint ; 

Dec5que boil down in vase vitreo in a glff^f 
vessel^ lento iene with a slow fire^ ad to iddnjbim 
a proper crassitudmem cKmmtence, 

OXYMEL SCILL^. 
OXYMSL QFSdUILL. 

Recipe take Mollis of Honey despumati clarified 
libras tres three pounds; Aceti of f^megar 
Scillee of Squill octarios duos two pints ; 

Dec5que boil dawu in ymo vitreo in a glass 
vessel^ lento i^ne udtb a ^.low Jlre^ ad to idoneam 
a proper crassitudinem consisimce. 



SYRUPS. 153 

» 

SYRUPI. 

SYRUPS. 

Syrupi Syrups conserventur should be kept in 
loco in a place ubi where calor the heat nunquam 
never excedat exceeds quinquagesimum the Jifty 
quintum^i(/t griadum degree, 

SYRtJPUS ALTHJE^. 

SYRUP OF MAnSHMALLOWS. 

Recipe take Radicis recentis of fresh Root Al- 
thaeae of Marshmallows contusse bruised libram 
dimidiani half a pound ; Sacchari purificati of 
purified Sugar libras duas two pounds ; Aqiise 
of Water octarios quatiior /owr pints ; 

Decoque boil down, A^jiiam the Water cum with 
Radice the Root ad to dimidmm half et and ex- 
prlroe express liquorem frigefactuni the cooled 
liquor, Sepone set oMde per for viginti qufitiior 
twenty-four horas hours, tit that feeces the dregs 
subsidant may subside^ turn then eflunde pour off: 
liqu5rem the liquor, atque ayid, adjecto Sacch&ro 
the Sugar being added, dec5que boil down ad to 
iddneam crassitudinem a proper consistence. 



SYRUPUS AURANTIORUM. 

SYRUP {OF THE PEEL) OF ORANGES. 

Recipe take Corticis recentis of fresh Peel 
•Aurantldnim of Oranges uncias duas two 



1^1 SYUVfS. 

ounces ; Aquae ferventis of boiling Water octa- 
num a pint ; SacchlLri purificati of purified 
Sitgar libras tres three pounds ; 

Mac^ra macerate Corttceni the Peel in Aqu& in 
the Water j^erfor hor^s duod^iua twelve h^rs^ in 
vasQ i» a ve^fel levit^ lightly claMsp coqerec^ j tpn 
/fen efiUnde /M>ur q/f liquorem the liqiwr, que Ufnd 
adjice a(2(2 ei to it baccbliruin /A€ Sugar, 



SYBtrjPUS CROGL 
S¥BtrP OF SAFPROir. 

Recipe take Stigm&tum of St^mataQtKicx ofSaf 

fron uncTam an ounce; Aquas ferventis of hoiJmg 

Water octanum a pint ; Sacch&ri pu|-ificati q/^ 

purified Sugar , libras duas 'two pounds cum 

with semisse half (a pound) ; 

Macera macerate SUgiaata the Stigmata Croci 
of Sc^rvn in Aqu& in the Water per /of hioras 
duodlcim twehse hours, in vase in a 96»^2 levit^ 
{t^A% ekuso covered; ifiwthen c6ia,jtrain liqi^o* 
rem the liquor, et and adjice add S^ec^^rum ih0 
Sugar, 

SYRCPUfl LIMdNUM. 

Recipe take Succi of Juice Limonnm of Lemons 
colati 9 <r€ri7»ec{ octarliuyi a piM ; Saopbari pvri* 
ficati qf purified Sugpf Hbras chias twopotmds ; 



STKUP8. 1 55 

Liqoa diisohe Sacch&nim the Sugar in Siiceo 
in the Juice Limoiium of Lemons eddem niodo ih 
the tame manner quo in tohich preeceptiim ektitii 
directf9d de tonceming Syi^po simplici iimpte 
8^rup. 

SYRtyPUS MORI. 
SYRUP OF MULBERRY. 

necme take Succi of Juice Mori of Mulberry 
colati strained octanum a pint ; Sacchari puri- 
fic&ti of purified Sugar libras duas two pounds ; 

Liqua dissolve Saccharum the Sugar in Succo 
in the Juice Mori of Mulberry eodem modo in 
the same manner quo m which praeceptum est it is 
directed de concerning Syrupo simplici simple 
Syrup, 

SYROTUS PAPAVfiBIS. 
. SYRUP OF {WHITE) POPPY. 

Recipe take Capsulanim of Capsules P^pavSris of 
fwhitej Poppy t exsiccatarum dried et and con- 
ttmrum bruised, den^ptis seminibtis the seeds 
being taken away^vmcins quataordecini ^uH^cfn 
ounces ; Sacchari pnrificati of purified Sugar 
libras duas two pounds ; Aquee ferventis ofboii* 
ing Water congios duos two gallons cum with 
semisse half (a gallon) ; 

Mac^ macerate Capsiilas the Capsules vtk 
^ikefikv^ %he Wifter per far vigmti qualildr twenty^ 



156 SYRUPS. 

four horas h'iurs ; turn then balneo aquoso in a 
water bath dec5que boil down ad to congium a 
gallon^ et and exprime express fortit^r strongly. 
Decdque boil down Liquorem colatum the 
strained Liquor iterum again ad to octarios duos 
two pints, et and cola strain adhuc whilst ferven- 
tem hot, Sepone set aside per /or horas duo- 
decim twelve hours, ut that faeces the dregs subsi- 
dant may subHde ; turn then dec5que boil down ' 
liquorem defsecatum the clear liquor ad to octa- 
rium a pint, et and adjice add Sacch&rum the 
Sugar eddem modo in the same rhanner quo in 
which prseceptum est it is ordered de concerning 
Syrupo simplici simple Syrup, 

SYRtJPUS RHAMNI. 
SYRUP OF BUCKTHORN. 

Recipe take Succi recentis of the fresh Juice 
Baccarum of the Berries Rhamni of Buck" 
thorn octarios quatiior /our pints ; RadJcis of 
Root Zingiberis of Ginger coucissr sliced, Bac- 
carum of the Berries Pimentse of Pimenta con- 
tritjkruia powdered, singuldrum of each unciam 
dimidiam half an ounce ; Sacchliri purificati of 
purified Sugar libras tres three pounds cum 
with semisse half fa pound) ; 

Sepone set aside Succum the Juice per for tri- 
diium three days, ut that feces the dregs subsTdant 
may subside, et and cola strain. ' Adjice acid Ra- 
dicem tlie Root Zingiberis of Ginger et and Baccas 
the Berries Pimentae of Pimenta octario to a pint 



SYRUPS. 157 

Succi of the Juice defsecati Hrained ; turn then 
macera macerate leni calore with a gentle heat per 
for horas quatiior /owr hours, et and cola strain ; 
quod that which est is r^liquum left dec5que hoil 
down ad to mensuram the measure octani of a 
ppU cum with sermsse half (a pint) ; misce mix 
liquores the liquors ; ei and adjice add Sacch&rum 
the Sugar eodem modo in the same manner quo 
ifi which pneceptum est it is ordered de concerning 
Svrupo simplici simple Syrup. 

SYRtTPUS RHCEADOS 
SYRUP OF THE RED POPPY. 

Recipe take Petalorum recentium of fresh Petals 
Rho^ulos of the red Poppy libram a pound ; 
Aquffi ferventis of boiling Water octarium a 
pint cum with fluidunciis duabus two fluid 
ounces; Sacch&ri purificati of purified Sugar 
libras duas two pounds cum with semisse half 
(a pound) ; 

Adjice add Fet&la the Petals Rhoe^os of the 
red Poppy paulatim gradually Aquse to the Watery 
cale&ctee heated balneo aquoso in a water bath, 
movens stirring subinde frequently ; turn then, 
vase the vessel remdto being removed, macera 
macerate per for horas duodecim twelve hours ; 
dein then exprime express liqudrem the liquor, et 
ofid sepdne set aside, ut that feeces the dregs sub- 
sidant may subside ; denique lastly, adjice add 
Sacch^rum the Sugar, e5dem modo in the same 
manner quo in which est it is praeceptum or^ 

p 



158 «^Hl^|>3. 

i^ted de cm^isrjiin^ Syrupo simpllfci dmple 
S^rup, 

SYRtrPUS BXySM. 
SYRITP OF ROSE. 

Recipe take Petaldrum of the Pekds Rose eenti* 
fofese * of the Damask R&se •exsicca<;orum drM 
uncias septem senen ounces 4 Sacebftri purificad 
of purified Sugar libras sex six pounds ; Aqu» 
ferventis of boiling Water octarios quatiior /our 
pints ; 

Macera moderate Pet&la the Petals Rosse of the 
Rose in Aqu& in the: Water per /or horas duodecim 
twehie hours^ et and cola strain. Consume eveh 
porate liquorem colatum the strained^ liquor bai- 
neo aquoso in a water bath ad to octanos duos 
two pints cuHV with semisse ha^f (a pintj ; dein 
then adjioe add SacchSLrum the Sugar ^ eodeni 
modo in the same manner quo in which eat it is 
prsceptum ordered de concerning Syrupo simpUfci 
simple Syrup, 

SYRt)^Pl/S l&ARSAPlRILLiB. 
SlYRUP OF 8AR8APARILLA. 

Red^e take libram a pound RadTcis ef the Root 
'Saraap&ritke of SarsaparUla condsee sliced'^ 
congiucn a gaUon Aqute ferventis of boiUMg 
Water.; libram a pound Sacch^ri purificad of, 
purified Sugar ; 

* iCenttfollA, hundred or mtmy'-ieavedm 



s.YUvrs. 159 

Mfko^rft fmcesrate Radiceni the. Root m Aqu& in 
ike fVater ^per for viginti tweniy quatuor four 
horns hours ; turn then decdque boil doton ad ia 
quatiior four octarios pints, «t and cola straifi 
liquorem the Uquor adbuo whilst ctAexktem hot; 
dein <to( adjiee add Sacch^m the Sugar, et and 
consume evaporate ad <& idpBcaai qras^itudlD^ia 
a proper consistence. 

SYRi&PUS SENNJE. 

SYRUP OF SENNA. 

Rec^ take Folioruin of Leaner Seona of Senna 
uncias duas tfsfo ounces ; SemiDum of Seeds 
Foeniculi of Fennel contusdrum bruised unciam 
an ounce ; Mamie of Manna uncias tres three 
ounces ; Sacch&ri purificad of purified Sugar 
Ubram. a pound ; Aquas fervends of boiling 
Water octarium a pint ; 

Maeera mMieraie Folia the Leaves Sennse of^ 
Senna el and Semina the Seeds F^vadliii of Fen^ 
nel in Aquft in the Waiter^ leni calore with a gentle 
heat, per for hofam an hour* Cofat strain liquo- 
rem the'Jiquor, et and misce mix cum with hoc 
this Mannam the Manna et and Sacch&rum the 
Sugar } dein then decdque boil down ad to idooteqi 
crassitudmem a proper consistence. 

SYRCPUS SIMPLEX. 

SIMPLE SYMUP. 

Rectpe take Sacdi&ri pifrific&ti of purified Sugar 
libntiB duaa two pounds cum. with semisse haif 
(a pound) ; Aque of Water octanum a pint ; 

p2 



160 SYRUPS. 

Liqua dissolve Saccb&rum the Sugar in aquft in 
the water balneo aqudso in a water hath ; turn 
then sepone set aside per for viginti quatiior 
twenty-four horas hours ; dein then aufer take off 
spumam the froth, et and efiunde pour off liquo- 
rem purum the pure liquor k from fscibus the 
dregs f si i/'sint there be quae any, 

SYRtJPUS TOLUTANUS. 
SYRUP OF TOLU. 

Recipe take Balsami of the Balsam Tolutani of 
Tolu uDCiam an ounce ; Aquae ferventis of 
boiling Water octarium a pint ; Sacch&ri 
purificati of purified Sugar iibras duas two 
pounds; 

Coque boil Balsamtim the Balsam in Aqu& in 

the Water per for boram dimidi&m half an hbur 

in vase clauso in a covered vessel, movens stirring 

subinde frequently, et and cola strain liqudrem 

refrigeratum f/»e cooled liquor; dein.^^en.adjioe 

add SaccbSu*um the Sugar, eodem modo in the 

same manner quo in which est it is prseceptum 

ordered de concerning Syrupo simplici simple 

Syrup. 

SYRI^PUS ZINGIB£RIS. 

SYRUP OF GINGER. 

Recipe take Radicis of the Root ZingibSris of 
Ginger concisas sliced uncias dtias two ounces ; 
Aquee ferventis of boiling Water octarium a 
pint ; Sacch&ri purificati of purified Sugar Iibras 
duas two pounds ; 



CQimcvtdirs. 161 

Macera macerate Radicem the Root Zingib^rift 
of Ginger m Aqu& in ike Water ^perfor horas qua- 
tuor four hours^ et and cola strain ; dein then 
adJTce add Sacch&oim the Sugar^ eodem modo in 
the 9Qme manner quo in which pneceptum est U 
is ordered de concerning Syrupo aiuiplici simple 
Syrup. 



CONFECTICNES, 
CONFECTIONS. 



Si i^ ConfecUoDes Confections^ servat® kept 
diuloii^y indurescantx^u^dgroiff hard^ sunt they 
are humcctande to he moistened AquA with Water ^ 
ut that idon^ crassitudo a proper consistence 
vestitultur may he restored, 

CONFECTIO AMYGDALAHUM. 
CONFJSCTION OF ALMONDS. 

Hecipe take Amygda^rum dutcium of sweet AU 
monds unciam an ounce ; Acacise Gutnmi of 
Gum of Acacia contriti powdered drachmam a 
dram ; Saccb&ri punlicati efpurtfi^d Siugar uu- 
cuun dimidiam half an ounce ; 

AmygdSlis the Almonds priits,/Sr9^ -maceratis 
being macerated in Aqu& in the Water ^ aue and 
pelliculis the pelJiQles [or outer skins'] clemptis 
taken aweary contunde bruise omnia the whole 
simul together^ donee imtiL sit there he corpus 
unum one body [i. e. until they become incor^^ 
porated."] 

r 3 



162 CONFECTIONS. 

CONFECTIO AROMATICA. 

AROMATIC CONFECTION. 

Recipe take Corticis of Bark CinnaiHoini of Cin» 
namon, (and) MyristicaeNuclednim of Nutmegs^ 
singuloniin of each uncias duas two ounces ; 
Caryophyllorum of Cloves unciani an ounce; 
Seminum of Seeds Cardamomi of Cardamom 
UDCiani diniidiam hcUf an ounce; Stigm&tum 
of the Stigmata Crpci of Saffron exsiccatdnim 
dried uncias duas ttvo ounces ; Testarum of 
Shells prspamtarum prepared uncias sedecim 
sixteen ounces; SaccMri purificati of purified 
Sugar contriti powdered libras duas two pounds; 
Aquae of Water octanum a pint ; 

Tere rub arida the dried [ingredients'] simal 
together in into pulverem subtilissimum a very 
fine powder ; turn then adjice cuid Aquam the /Fa- 
ter paulatini 'gradually y et and misce mix donee 
until sit there be corpus unum one body [i. e. untii 
they become incorporated^] 

CONFECTIO AURANTIORUM. 

CONFECTION OF ORANGES. 

Recipe take recentis of fresh Corticis exterioris 
outer rvnd Aurantiorum of Oranges^ sepaAli 
separated radiil^ with a grater [i. e. grated] 
libram a pound ; Sacchari purificati of purified 
Sugar libras tres three pounds ; 



i 



CONFECTIONS. 1 63 

Contunde bruise Corticem the PeeU in morta- 
rio lapidSo in a stone mortar ^ pistillo ligneo with 
a wooden pestle ; turn then^ adjecto Saccharo the 
Sugar being added, contunde bruise iterum again, 
donee until sit there be corpus unum one body 
[i. e. until they become incorporated,"} 

CONFECTIO CASSIA. 
CONFECTION OF CASSIA. 

Recipe take Pulpae recentis of the fresh Pulp 
Cassise of Cassia libram dimidiam half a pound ; 
Mannse of Manna uncias duas two ounces ; 
Fulpse of the 'Pulp Tamarindi of the Tama- 
rind unciam an ounce j Syrupi of Syrup Rosae 
of the Rose octanum dimidium half a pint ; 

Contunde bruise Mannam the Manna ; turn 
then, balneo aquosotoi^yi a water bath, liqua dissolve 
(it) in Syrupo in the Syrup ; deinde then admisce 
mix ' therewith pulpas the pulps, et and consume 
evaporate humorem the moisture, donee until ido- 
nea crassitudo a proper consistence tiat be formed, 

CONFECTIO OPII. 

CONFECTION OF OPIUM, 

Recipe take Opii dun of hard Opium contrlli 
powdered drachmas sex six drams ; FructCks of 
the Fruit Piperis longi of long Pepper unciam 
an ounce ; Radicis of Root Zingiberis of Ginger 
uneias duas two ounces ; . Seminum of Seeds 
CariSii of Carraway uncias tres three ounces ; 
Tragacanthge of Tragacanth contritse powdered 



\64 COMFBCTIOK8. 

drachmas diias two drams j Syrupi of Sprup 
octaiium a pint f 

Contere rub Opium the Opium cum with 
Syrupo calefacto the heated Syrup; turn then 
adjice add csetera the other (IngreSentsJ contrita 
powdered, et and roisce mix. 

CONFECTJO PIPtBIS NIGRT.* 
CONFECTION OF BLACK PEPPER. 

Recipe take Piperis nigxi of black pepper ; Radicis 
of the Root Helenii of Elecampane, singqldnim 
of each libram a pound ; Seminum of the Seeds 
Foenic^H of Fennel tres three, libras pounds; 
Mellis o/'Hon^y; Sacch&ri pxiMcsti of purified 
Sugar, singulorum of each libras duas two 
pounds ; 

Tere rub wridtL the dry (irtgredienis) simul to^ ' 
gether in into pubr^rem subtilissimum a veryjhe 
powder; dein then, adjecto Melle the Honeyt being 
added, coDtundepoimd {them) togetherydonec uaM 
sit there be corpus unum one body [i. e. until they 
become incorporated,'] 

CONFECTIO ROSiB CANIN-aE. 
CONFECTION OF THE DOG ROSE, 

Recipe take Pulpse of the Pulp Rosse caninse of 
the dog Rose libram a pound ; Sacob&ri puri- 
&^\x.of purified Sugar contriti powdered uncias 
viginti twenty ounces ; . 

' I ■■ ■ II I I , ,, , 

* Thit prepantion is DotUDg more than Wavd't Bute^ 
flo long, snd peifaaps justly, cdabtaled as a euro for the 
pilas. 



CONFECTIONS. 1 65 

Exp5ne expose Pulpam the Pulp in balneo 
aquoso in a water bath, leni calore in a gentle 
heat ; turn then adjice add Saccharum the Sugar 
paulatim gradually, et and tere rub simul toge- 
ther donee until sit there be corpus unum one 
body [i. e. until they become incorporated,] 

CONFECTIO ROSifi GALLlC-ffi * 
CONFECTION OF THE RED ROSE, 

Recipe take Petalorum of the Petals Ross Gal- 
iicee of the red Rose nondum not yet explica- 
torum unfolded (i. e. the buds)^ abjectis un- 
guibus the claws being rejected, libram a pound ; 
Sacch^ii puriiicati of purified Sugar libras tres 
three pounds ; 

Contunde bruise FetJUa the Petals in mprtario 
lapideo in a stone mortar ; turn then, adjecto 
Saccb&ro tlie Sugar being added, contunde bruise 
(them) iterum again donee until sit there be 
corpus unum one body [i.e. until they become 
incorporated.] 

CONFECTIO RUT^. 
CONFECTION OF R UE, 

Recipe take Foliorum of the Leaves Rutse of Rue 
exsiccatorum dried, Seminuni of Seeds Cariii 
of Carraway, Baccarum of the Berries Lauri of 
Bay, singuldrum of each unciam an. ounce 



Rosa GallSca, French Rote* 



166 COVVECTIOHS. 

cum with semisse half fan ounce) ; Sagapeni 
of Sagapentan undam dimidiam ka^ an 
ounces Fructib of the Ermt i^perit nigri ^J 
blade Pepper drachilias dtias two dramt; Mellis 
of Honey deapuinati darkled, vmcias aedeoim 
sixteen ounces ; 

Tere rub arida the dry (ingredients J simul to- 
gether in into pulverem subtilisslinum a very fne 
powder j turn then^.^vi^^txi MeUe the Bbmey being 
addedt misoe mix omnia the whole (together. J 

CONFECTIO SCAMMON&S. 
C02^E€TI02T OF SCAtiMONT. 

Recipe take Gummi-resmse of iAe Qnun^esin 
Scammonese of Scammony contritae powdered 
undfam an ounce cwn with semisse fialf (an 
ounce) ; Caryo^bylldnim of Cloves contusonim 
bruised^ Radicis ofUhe Root Zmgiberis of Gin' 
ger contritse powdered^ singulornm of each 
drachmas ser six drams ; Olei of Oil Cariii oj 
Carraway fluidrachmam dimidiam half a fixdd 
dram; SycupL of Syrup Hosqe of the Rose 
quantum as much as sit may be satis sufi' 
dent ; 

Tere rt^ arida the dry (ingredients) smvi lo- 
gether in into pulvSrem snbtiiissl^mum a very fine 
powder ; tum then^ instillato Syrupo the Syrup 
being dropped in, tere rub (them) iternm (tgain s 
dein afterwards, Oleo the Oil Cariii of Carraway 
adjecto being addedj misce mix omnia the whoie 
(together). 



CONFBCTIOIIS. 16^ 

CONFECTIO SENN^. 

CONFECTION OF SENNA. 

Recipe take Fofidnim of Leaves Sennse of 
Senna uncias octo €^^hi ounces ; FructOs of the 
Fruit Caricse of Figs libram a pound} Pulpa of 
the Pulp Tam&iindi q/*^^ Tamarind^ Pulpse of 
the Pulp Cassiffi of Coma, Pulpas of the Pulp 
Prun5ruiii o/" PrMwes, singulonmi q/* eac/i libram 
dimidiam half a pound; Sera^fnum of Seeds 
Cortandri of Coriander uncias quatuor four 
ounces ; Radicis of the Root Glycyrrhizae of Li^ 
quorice uncias tres three ounces g Sacch&ri puri- 
ficati of purified Sugar libras duas two pounds 
cum with semisse half (a poundj ; 

Tere rtdf F^IaH the Lefoces Seonse (tfSetma oum 
with Seminibus the Seeds Coriandri of Coriander^ 
et and sep^ra separate uncias decern ten ounces 
pulvSris misti of the mixed powder crtbro with a 
neve. Dec6que hoiil down residiium the residue 
cum with ¥t\kcX^ihe Fruit Cancae of Figs et and 
Radice the Root Glycyrrhtzae of Liquorice ex from 
octanis quatiior four pints Aquae of Water ad to 
dimidium one half; delude then expnme express, 
et and cola strain. Consume evaporate Liquorem 
colatttta the ttrained liquor baln^ aquoso in a, 
water bath donee until octanus a pint cum with 
aemiBse half fa pint) restet remains ex from toto 
the whole ; turn then, adjecto Sacchto) the Sugar 
being added, fiat Syrupus let a Syrup be made. 
Denique lastly, contere rub Pulpas the Pulps cam 
with Syrupo the Syrup paulatim gradually, ef and, 
pulv^re cribraCo the sieved powder injecto being 
thrown in, raisce mix omnia the whole (together)^ 



168' FOW0EES. 



PULVERES. 
POWDERS. 



PULVIS AL5ES COMPOSITUS. 
COMPOUND POWDER OF ALOES. 

Recipe take Extract! of Extract Ald^ spicatae of 
spiked Ahes unciam an ounce cum with semisse 
half (an oz.J ; Gummi-resinse of Gum-renn 
Guaiaci of Guaiacum unciam an ounce ; PulvSris 
compositi of the compound Powder Cinnamomi 
of Cinnamon unciam dimidiam half an ounce; 

Tere rub Extractum the Extract AlSes of Aloes 
et and Gummi-resinam the Gum-resin Guai&ci of 
Guaiacum separatim separately in pidverem into 
a powder ; dein then misce trair (them) cum with^ 
Pulvere composito the compound Powder Cinna- 
mbmi of Cinnamon. 

PULVIS CINNAMOMI COMPOStTUS. 
COMPOUND POWDER OF CINNAMON. 

Recipe take Corticis of the Bark Cinnamomi of 
Cinnamon uncias duas two ounces ; Seminum of. 
the Seeds Cardamomi of Cardamom uncTani an 
ounce cum with semisse half (an oz.J ; Radicis 
of Root Zingiberis of Ginger unciam an ounce ; 
FructCks of the Fruit Pip^ris longi of long Pep- 
per unciam dimidiam half an ounce ; 



POWDERS. 169 

Tere rub (them) simul together ^ ut that pulvis 
subtilissitnus a very fine powder fiat may he 
made. 

PULVIS CONTRAJERVJE COMPOStTUS. 

COMPO UND PO WDER OF CONTRAJER VA. 

Recipe take Radicis of the Root Contrajervse of 

Contrajerva contritse powdered uncias quinque 

five ounces; Testarum prseparatarum of prepared 

Shells libram a pound cum with semisse half 

(a pound) ; 

Misce mix. 

PULVIS CORNU USTI CUM OPIO, 

POWDER OF J^URNT {HARTS') HORN 
WITH OPIUM. 

* 

Recipe take Opii duri of hard Opium contriti poW' 
dered drachmam a dram ; Cornuum of fHarts^) 
horns ustdrum burnt et and prseparatorum pre^ 
pared uDciam an ounce ; Cocci of Cochineal con- 
triti powdered drachmam a dram ; 

Misce mix. 

PULVIS CRET^ COMPOSXTUS. 
COMPOUND POWDER OF CHALK, 

Recipe take Cretee prseparatse of prepared Chalk 
libram. dimidiam half a pound; Corticis of Bark 
Cinnamomi of Cinnamon uncias^ quatuor four 

o 



170 POWDERS. 

ounces ; Radicis of the ^oot Tormentiite of Tor- 
mmtiiU Gummi of the Gum Acaciae of Acacia, 
singulomm of each uncias tres three ounces ; 
FnictAs of the Fruit Piperis longi of long Pepper 
UDciain dimidiain hatf' an ounee ; 

Tere rub (them) separatim separately in tnto 
pulT^rem subtiliMiiiium a verp /hse powder ; dein 
themwaacQ mx» 

PULVIS CRETJE COMPOSlTtJS CUM OPIO. 

COMPOUND POWDER OF CHALK WITB 

OPIUM. 

Recipe take Pulv^ris cempoaiti ofcmapoaiud Pom' 
der Cretae qf Chalk uncias sex six ounces cum 
with semisse half fan oz.J ; Opii tiuri of hard 
Opium contriti pourcfercdscnipiilosquatuor /ottf 

■scruples i 
Miace mix, 

PULVIS IPECACUANHiE COMPOSITUS. 
COMPOUND POWDEn OF IPECACUANHA, 

Redpe take Radicis of Root Ipecacuanha oflpe^ 
cacuanha contrittB powdered, Opii dun of hard 
Opium contiiti powdered, singulomm of each 
drachmam a dram; Sulphatis ofSulphateFotaS' 
sa ^f Potass contritse powdered unciam a» 
ounce s . 



FOWDS&ft. 171 

PULVIS KINO COMPOSITUS. 
COMPOUND POWDER OF EINO. 

Rectpe take drachmas quind^cim fifteen drams 
Ktno of Kino ; Cortieis of the Bark Cianamomi 
of Cinnamon unci^m dimidiam i^{^ an ounce ; 
Opii duri of hard Opiwn drachmara a dram ; 

Tere rub (them) separatim separately in into 
pulverem subtilissiiDuni a very fine powder, deia 
then misce mix, 

PULVIS SCAMMONfi-aS COMPOSITUS. 
COMPOUND POWDER OF SCAMMONY. 

Recipe take OumiDi-resinae of Gum-resin Scam^ 
monese of Scammony^ Extract! duri of hard 
Extract Jal^se of Jalap^ singulorum o/* each 
uncias duas two ounces $ mdicis of Root 
Zin^beris o/* Ginger uiiciam dimidiam half an 
ounce } 

Tere rub (them) separatim separately in into 
pulverem subtiiissimum a 'oery fine powder^ dein 
then misce mix, 

PULVIS SENN^ COMPOSITUS^ 

COMPOUND POWDER OF SENNA, 

Recipe take Foliorum of Leaves Sennse of Senna^ 
Supertartratis of Supertartrate Potassee of Pot' 
ass, singulorum of each uncias duas two ounces ; 

o 2 



172 



POWDBBS. 



Gummi-resiDS of Gum-resin Scammon&e of 
Scammony uDCiam dimidiam half an ounce; 
RadTcis of Root Zingiberis of Ginger drachmas 
duas two drams ; 

Tere ruh Gummi-resinam the Gum-resin Scam- 
monese of ScfLmmony per hy ^% itself csetera the 
others simul together^ in into pulverem subtilissi- 
nmin a very fine powder, turn then misce mix. 



PULVIS TRAGACANTH^ COMPOSlTUS. 
COMPOUND POWDER OF TRAGACANTH. 

Recipe take Tragacantbae of Tragacanth contrlts 
powdered^ Gummi of the Gum Acaciae of Acacia 
contriti powdered, Amj^li of Starch, singuldrum 
of each uncKam an ounce cum with semisse half 
fan oz,J f Sacch&ri purificati of purified Sugar 
uncias tres three ounces ; 

Tere ruh Am^lum the Starch et and Sacch&mm 
the Sugar simul together in pulverem into a pow- 
der ; tum then, Tragacanth^ the Tragacanth et 
atid Gummi the Gum Acacis of jicacia adjectis 
being added, misce mix omnia the whole (to* 
getherj. 



Fiixa. 173 

PILULJE. 
PILLS. 

TlLtlaM AL6BS COMPOfiSTiE. 

COMPOUND FILLS OF ALOES. 

Recipe take Extract! of Extract A\6^ spicatse of 
spiked Aloes contriti powdered unciam an ounce ; 
Extract! of the Extract Gentiaiue of Genti€M 
unciani dimidiam half an ounce $ Olei of the Oil 
Cariii of Carraway minima quadraginta forty 
minims; Syrupi simplicis o/'nmpZe Syrup quan* 
turn as much as sit may be satis sufficient / 

Contunde bruise (them) simul together donee 
until sit there he carpus unum one body {i. e. un^ 
they become inoorporated^^* 

VlLtiLM ALO£S CUM MYRRH A. 
riLLS OF ALOES WITH MYRItB. 

Recipe take Extract! of Extract A15&S 9pidLt8ft of 
spiked ^toesnndfasduas two ounces; Stigm&tum 
of Stigmata Croci of Saffron^ Myrrhse {and) <jf 
Myrrh^ singulorom of each unciam an ounce ; 
Syrupi simpHcis of simple Syrup quantum as 
much as sit may be satis sufficient ; 

Tere r«6Extractum the Extract A15^ of Aloes 
et CBnd Myrrham the Myrrh separatim separately 

a 3 



y 



174 PILLS. 

in into pulverem a powder ; turn then contunde 
pound omnia all simul together^ donee until sit 
there he corpus unum one body [i. e. until they 
become incorporated], 

PILtJL^ CAMBOGI^ COMPOSITE. 

COMPOUND PILLS OF GAMBOGE, 

Recipe take Cambogise of. Gamboge contiitae pow* 
dered dracbmam a dram ; Extracti of. Extract 
A15es spicatae of spiked Aloes contriti powdered, 
drachmam a dram cum unth semisse half (a 
dram) ; Zingiberis of Ginger dimidiam half' 
drachmam a dram ; Saponis of 5oap drachmas 
duas two drams ; 

Misce mix Pulveres the Powders inter amongst 
se themselves' (i. e. together) ; dein then, adjeclo 
Sapdne the Soap being added, contunde pound- 
-omnia all simul together donee until sit there be 
corpus unum one body [i. e. until they, become 
incorporated], 

Pl'LtJuM FERRl COMPOSITE. 
COMPOUND PILLS OF IRON 

Recipe take Myrrhs of Myrrh contritse powdered 
drachmas duas two drams f Subcarbonati^ of 
Subcarbonate Sodae of Soda, Sulphatis of Sul' 
phatfi Ferri of Iron^ Sacchari (and) of Sugar, 
singttlorum of each drachmam a dram ; 

Tere rub Myrrham the Myrrh cum with Sub- 
carbonatis the Subcarbonate Sodae of Soda; turn 
then. Sulphate the Sulphate Ferri of Iron adjectft 



PILLS. 173 

being added, tere triturate (Ihem) it^rum again; 
dein then contunde pound omDia all simul toge" 
ther donee until sit there be corpus unum one 
body [i, e. until they become incorporated^ . 

PILtJLiE GALBANI COMPOSlT-aE. 

COMPOUND PILLS OF GALBANUM. 

Recipe take Gunami-resinse of Gum-resin Galb&ni 
of Galbanum unciam an ounce ; Myrrhse of 
Myrrh, Sagapeni (and) of Sagapenum, singuld- 
rum of each unciam an ounce cum wUh semisse 
half (an oz.)\ Gummi -resins of Gum-resin As- 
6afoetid8eo/!^s5a/b?<u2a unciam dimidiam half an 
ounce; Syrupi simplicis of simple Syrup quantum 
as much as sit may be satis sufficient; 

Contunde jpound (them) simul together donee 
until sit there be corpus unum one body £i. e. until 
they become incorporated], 

PILtJL^ HYDRARGtRI. 
PILLS OF MERCURY. 

« 

Recipe take Hydrarg^ri purificati of purified Mer- 
cury drachmas duas two drams ; Confectidnis of 
Con/ec^ion Rosee Gallics of Red Rose dnLchmaa 
tres three • drams ; Radicis of Root Gljcyrrhiza 
of Liquorice contiitse powdered drachmam a 
dram / 

Tere rub Hydrargj^m the Mercury cum with 

'Confectione the Confection donee until globiiH 

globules conspiciantur are seen non no ampliils. 



176 ' FI]>L«. 

longer; delude then^ Radioe the Root Glycyrrhizse 
of Li^wniee adlectft being oMed^ contunde pound 
omnia aU simul together donee until sit there be 
corpus unum one "body [i. e. untU they become 
incorporated,^ 

FlJMhm HTDRARGtRI SUBMURIATIS 

COMPOSYTiE. 

COMPOUND PILLS OF THE SUBMUniATE 

OF MERCURY. 

Recipe take Submuriatis of Submuriate Hydrar- 
gfri ofMercurys Sulpbureii praecipitati <f pre* 
eipitated Sulphuret Antimomi of Antimony^ 
singiildram of each drachmas duas two drams; 
Gummi-resinsB of the Gum-resin Giiai&ci of 
Guaiacum contritee powdered semunciam half 
an ounce; SprritCks rectifi6ati ofrevtijied Spirit 
drachmam dimidiam half a dram ; 

Tere rub Submuriatem the Submuriate Hydrar- 
gfn of Mercury cum with Sulphureto preecipitato 
the predpUated Sulphuret Antimonii of Antimony, 
dein then oiiiti itith Gumttit-resifti the Gum-resm 
GuaiSlci of Guatacumf et and adjice add Spiritum 
the Spirit, ut that iddnea crasskudo a proper Con- 
tistence fiat may bejbrmed. 

PILtJiiiE SAMNIS CUM OWO. 

PILLS OF SOAP WITH OPIUM. 

Rectpe take Opti duri o^ hard Opium contrid jnm9* 
^ dered uncTam dimidiam half an ounce; Saponin 
dari (^ hard Soc^ uncias duas two ounces ^ 



rRBPA&ATIONS FROM ANIMALS. • 177 

• Contunde pound (them) simul together donee 
until sit there he corpus unum one body [i. e. 
until they become incorporated], , 

PILtJLiE SCILL-ffi COMPOSITE. 
COMPO UND PILLS OF SQ. UILL, 

•Recipe take Radicis of Root Sci\\» of Squill rec^ns 
fresh exdiccatee dried et and coivtritse powdered 
drachmam a dram ; Radicis of Root Zingiberis 
of Ginger contritae potodered,Sapdni8 dun (and) 
of hard SoapfSiDgviorum of each drachmas tres 
three drams } Ammoniaci of Ammoniac con- 
triti /powdered drachmas duas two drams ^ 

Misce mix Pulveres the Powders inter among se 
themselves (i. e. together) ; deinde then contunde 
pound (them) cum with Sap5iie the Soap, et and 
adjice add quantum as much as sit maif be satis 
stij^cient Syrupi simplicis of simple Syrup^ ut th(U 
idoaea crassitudo a proper consistence fiat may be 
formed. 



pr^parata ex ANIMALIBUS. 

PREPARATIONS FROM ANIMALS. 

ADEPS PR^PARATA. 

PREPARED LARD. 

CoDCide cut Adipem the Lard in firustiila into small 
pieces, turn then, iiquefactam (when) melted 



176 ' PBfiJiABATIONS FROM ANIIIALS^. 

leni igne with a slowjire*, exprime expreu per 
tliTo^h lintdum linen. * 

CORNU USTUM. 
BURNt {HAMTff) HORN. 
Ure hum frustiE piece* Cornuum of {Harfs) Hams 
igne aperto in an open fire donee until idbes- 
oant ihetf become ^hite peattiis thoroughly} 
delude then oontere triturate et and preep&ni 
prepare {them) eod6m>inodo in the same manner 
quo in which pneceptiim est it is ordered de cofi- 
ceming Cretft Chalk. 

Hartshorn, when hiimt» is said to conskt of phosphate 
«f Hm&f carinmate of Htne, and A small portion of pkoi- 
phate of magnesia ; whilst the animal matter is disponed 
hj the heat employed. 

< SEVUM FB^FABJLTUM. 
PMEPABED SUET. 
Concide cut Sevum the Suet in into frustiSiia small 
pieces ; turn then leni igne mth a gentle fire ex- 
pnme express lique^tum the dissolved {Sueit) 
per through linteum linen. 

SPONGJ A USTA. 
BURNT SPONGE. 

Concide cut Spongiam the Sponge in friistiila into 
sfnall pieces, et and contunde bruise (it), ut tJiat 
separetur it may be separated kfrom rebus alie- 
nis any things adherentibus adhering thereto ; 
turn then ure burn (it) in vase ferreo in an iron 



* The heat shoald not »ceed 97 degrees^ lest ih» Laid 
become disoolouredt 



PLASTERS. 179 

vessel clauso covered,' dooec unHl fiat it become 
nigra black et and friabilis friable ; denique 
lastly, t^« rub (it) in into pulv^rem subtilisst- 
mum a very fine powder. 

The constituent parts of burnt sponge appear to be 
carbonate and phosphate of time, suhoarfwnate cf mdop 
ch arcoalf and io^ne. 

TEST^ PR-aSPARAT^. 

PREPARED SHELLS. 

JUava wash Testas the Shells, pnhs first purg&tsui 
cleansed sordibus from impurities, aqud, fer«- 
T9nte in boiling water ; turn then prseplurajore- 
pare (them) eod^m modo in the same manner 
quo in which prseceptum est it is ordered de con» 
ceming Cret& Chalk. 



■^^^^■^■■ iM li- i I" I iii-ti I NU ipii 11 1 ir i ^ Piii 1 ■> M ill | i» i,t i m * i 

BMPLASTRA. 

■ 

PLASTERS. 



BMPLASTRUM AMMONIACI. 

PLASTER OF AMMOJ^AC. 

Kedfpe take Ammoni&ci parificati of purified Am* 
moniac uncias quinque five ounces ; Aclfdi ace- 
tici diluti of dilute acetic Acid octanum dimi- 
djfum half a pint ; 



180 PLASTERS. 

Liqua dissolve Ammobi&cuni the Ammoniac in 
Acido in the Add ; dein then consufne eoapo- 
rate liquorem the liqitor . in vase ferreo in an 
iron vessel f balneo aquoao in a water bath ; movens 
stirring assidu^ constantly^ donee until iddnea 
craasitudo a proper consistence 6at is made, 

EMPLASTRUM AMMONlICI CUM HYDRAR- 

GtRO. 

PLASTER OF AMMOmAC WITH MERCURY. 

Recipe take Ammoni^ci purificati of purified Am- 
fhoniac libfram a pound ; Hydrargj^ri purificati of 
purified Mercury uncias tres three ounces ; Olei 
sulphurati of sulphurated Oil iluidrachmam a 

' fluid dram ; 

Tere ruh Hydrargj^rum the Mercury cum with 
Oleo sulphurato the sulphurated Oil donee wM 
globiili globules conspiciantur are seen non no 
ampliiis longer; deinde then adjice add paulatim 
gradually Ammoni^cum lique&ctum the dissolved 
Ammoniac, et and misce mix omnia all (together). 

Hie mercury becomes oxidized with a minimum of 
oxygen. 

EMPLASTRUM CANTHARIDIS. 

PLASTER OF SPANISH FLY. 

Recipe take libram a pqund Cantbandis of Spa* 
nish Fly tritse rubbed in pulverem subtilissimuch 
into a very fine powder; libram a pound. cum 
uith semisse half (a pound) Emplastri of the 



rJ.A9TER^< 181 



Plaster Cera of Wax; dmi^f^m Mf libram 
a pound Adipis preparatee of prepared Lard ; 

Emplastro U> the Plaster et and Adipi Lard, 
liquefaetis dissolved simul together ^ et and remdiis 
removed ab igne/rom thefre^ paul6 a little wox.^" 
quadEi &€y<)r6 concrescant ' i^ey become solvit iin« 
fiperge sprinkle in CaQthandem the Spanish Fly 
atque and misce mir omnia the whole {together)* 

£MPLA STRUM OERJB. 

PLASTER OF WAX. 

Hatnpe take Cerae flavae of yellow Wax, Sevi prae- 
parati of prepared Suetl singulomm of kach 
libras tres three pounds; Reslnae fiavae of yellow 
Resin libmva a pound it 

Liquefac dissolve {them) simul together^ et and 
co\ek strain. 

EAfPLASTBUM CUMINI. 
PLASTER OF CUMIN {SJ^SJDiS^. 

Recipe take Seminum of the Seeds Cumini of Cu" 
min, Seminvmi of the Seeds CaHii of Carraway^ 
Baecarum of Berries Lauri of Bay, singulomm 
of each uncias tres three ounces $ Picis abietinae 
of Burgundy Pitch libras tres three pounds ; 
Cerae flavae of yellow Wax uncias tres three 
ounces iO\&i of Oil Olivae ofOiive, (and) Aquae of 
Wafer, singulotum of each Huidunciam a fluid 
ounce cum with semisse half {ajluid ounce) ; 

Pici to the Pitch et and Cerae Wax liquefaetis 
melted simul together adjice cuid anda the dried 
(ingredients), trita rubbed in pulverem into a 

R 



182 PLASTERS* 

powder, CHSum the Oil Oiks of OUve, et and 
Aquam the Water i turn then dec6que boil down 
ad to idoneam crassitudinem a proper con- 
sistence ; 

EMPLASTRUM GALBANI COMPOSlTUM. 
COMPOUND PLASTER OF GALBANUM. 

Recipe take Gummi-resins of the Gum-resin Gal- 
b&ni of Galhanwn purificatse purified uncias 
octo eight ounces ; Emplastri of Plaster Plumbi 
of Lead libras tres three pounds ; Terebintbmse 
vulgaris of common Turpentine dracbmas decern 
ten drams-, Resinae of Resin Ahieti^ of the Spruce 
Fir contrite powdered uncias tres three ounces ; 

Gummi-resiQ8& to the Gam-renn Galbani ofGal- 
banum et and Terebintbinse the Turpentine, lique- 
factis melted simul together, adjice add prim6^r^l 
Resinam the Resin Abieds of the Spruce Fir, 
delude then Emplastrum the Plaster Plumbi of 
Lead, lique&ctum melted lento igne with a skio 
fire, atque and misce mix omnia the whole (to^ 
. gether,) 

EMPLASTRUM HYDRARGtRI. 

PLASTER OF MERCURF. 

• Recipe take Hydrargyri purificati of purified Mer- 
- cury uneias tres three ounces ; Olei sulpburati of 

sulphurated Oil flaidrachmam a fiuiddram; 

Emplastri of -Plaster Plumbi of Lead libram a 
> pound f 



FLA8T££S. 183 

Tere rub Hydrargjfrum the Mercury cum wit?i 
OlSo sulphurato the sulphurated Oil donee until 
globiili globules conspiciantur are seen non no 
aaipliilu longer ; turn then adjice add paulatim gra-' 
dually Emplastnim the Plaster Plumbi of Lead 
liquefactum melted^ atque and misce mix omnia the 
whole {together,) 

In tbis plaster |he metal Is oi^di^ with, a ndfdfi[i>uvi^ of 
oxygen* 

EMPLASTRUM OPII. 
PLASTER OF OPIUM. 

Recipe take Opii duri of hard Opium contriti pow* 
dered unciam dimidiam half an ounce ; Resinse 
of Resin Abietis of the Spruce Fir contiitee poto- 
dered uncias tres three ounces; Emplastri of 
Planter Plumbi of Lead libram a pxmnd; Aquae 
of Water dimidiura half octarium a pint ; 

Emplastro liquefacto to the melted Plaster 
adjice add Resinam thei Resin Abietis of the Spruce 
Fir, Opium the Opium, et €Lnd Aquam the Water ^ 
et and lento igne with a slow fire dec5que h<M 
down, donee until omnia the whole coeant unite 
in 'crassitudinem into the consistence emplastri of 
plaster. 

EMPLASTRUM PICIS COMPOSlTUM. 
COMPOUND PLASTER OF PITCH. 

Recipe take Picis abietins of Burgundy Pitch libtas 
duas two pounds ; Resinee of Resin Abietis of the 

r2 



184 PLASTERS. 

j^ttce Rr libram a pound ; Reslnae Aavee ofyeU 
low Resin, Cere flavse of yellow Wax, BiDgulonim 
of each uncias quatiior four ounces ; Ol^i ex- 
press! of the expressed Oil MyristiciB of Nutmeg 
unciam an ounce ; Olei of Oil OIivbb of Oliver 
-^ Aqus ofWaier^ singulorum of each fluiduncias 
duas twojluid ounces ; 

Hci to the Pitchy Resinee ResvUt et and Cers 
Wax, liquefactis dissolved simul together, adjice 
add prhaiunflrst Realnam the Resin Abietis of the 
Spruce Fir, dein then Ol^um the Oil Myristibse of 
Nutmeg, Olhim the Oil 01iv» of -Olive, et and 
Aquam the Water. Denique lastly, misce mix 
omnia the whole, et and dec5que boil down ad to 
idpneam a proper crassitudinem consistence. 



EMPLASTBUM FLUMBI- 

PLASTER OF LEAD. 

Recipe take Ox^di semivitrSi of the semivitreous 
Oxide Plumbi of Lead, tnd rubbed in pulvSrem 
gubtUissKmum into a very fine powder, libras quin- 
quefive pounds J Olei ofOU Olivie ofOlme con- 
^um.a gallon ) Aqua of ^<Uer ootarios duos 
two pints } 

Coque boil ^them) simul together lento igne with 
a slow flrCf assidii^ constantly movens stirringf 
donee unti^ Oleum the Oil et and Ox^nm the Oxide 
Flumbi.q/'Iieac^ cdeant cohere in crassitudinem into 
the consistence Emplastri of a Plaster, Autem 
hut oportebit it will be necessary adjicere td add 



PLAStEBS. 185 

pauliilum a little Aquae ferventis of boiling JPTa- 
ter, si if fer^ almost omnis all ea that quae which 
adhibita est is employed in principio in the begin" 
ning fuerit shall have been absumpta consumed^ 
ante before ^em the end coctidiiis of the boiling. 



EMPLASTRUM RESINiB, 
PLASTER OF RESIN^ 

Recipe take Reslnae flavae of yellow Resin Hbranr 
dimidiam half a pound ; Emplastri of Plaster 
Plumbi of Leadlibras tres three pounds ^. 

Emplastro to the Plaster Plumbi of Leady lique* 
facto dissolved lento igne with a slow fire^ adjice 
add Resinam contritani the powdered Resin^ et and 
misce mix. 

EMPLASTRUM SAPONIS. 

PLASTER OF SOAP. 

Recipe take Saponis duri of hard Soap concTsi 
sUcedUhram dimidiam half a pound; Emplastri of 
Plaster Pluinbi of Lead libras tres three pounds ; 

£mplastro liquefacto to the melted Plaster ad^ 
misce m,ix Saponem the Soap ; turn' then dec5que 
boil down ad to iddneam crassitudinem a proper 
consistence. 



r3 



186 CBRATBS; 



CERATA. 
CERATES. - 



GERATUM CALAMINE. 

CEHATE OF CALAMtim, 

Recipis take Calaminse prseparatee of prepare Cot- 
laminet (and) Cerse flav» of yelUm>iVax,migiAb' 
rum <if 6acA libram dimidiam half a pound; 
OlSi of Oil OliFse of Olive oclarium a pint ; 

Misce mix Ol^um the Oil cum with Cerd lique- 
&ct& t^ meUed Wax ; turn ^/i«it remdve remove 
(them) ab /rom igue the fire^ et and, ubi when 
prim&m^r«Hentescant t^ 6i;^in to thicken^ adjice 
add Calamioam ihe Calamine, et and assidii^ con^ 
stanthf move <(ir, donee untU refrix^rint they sfiall 
have cooled. 

CERATUM CANTHARfDIS. 
CEMATJS OF nJPANISH FLY. 

Recipe take Cantharidis of Spanish Fly, tritse 
riAbed in pulvSrem subtilbsimum into a very 
fine powder^ drachmam a dram; Cerati <^ 
Verate Cetacei of /Spermaceti drachmas sex six 
drama; 

Cerato to the Cerate, emolfito softened igaewith 
the fire, adjice add Canthandem the Spanish Fly^ 
et and misce mix. 



CXAATBB. 187 

CERATUM CETACjBI. 

CMJiATE OF SPERMACETI. 

Recipe take CetacSi of Spermaceti uncKam dimi- 
diam half an ounce ^ Cere albs of white 
Wax uncias duas two ounce* ; Olei of Oil Ollvs 
o/lOZipe fluidunciasquatuor/otir^utd ounce*} ^ 

Adjice add Ol^um the Oil Cetaceo to the Sper^ 
maceti et and Cerae Wax Hquefactis diisolved simul 
together, et and move stir spathft lign^d with a 
wooden 9patula donee until refnxSrint they shall 
have cooled. 

CERATUM PLUMBI ACETATIS. 
CERATE OF THE ACETATE OF LEAD. 

Rectpe take Acetatis of the Acetate Plumbi ef 
Lead contrite powdered drachmas duas two 
drams $ Cerse albse of white Wax uncias duas 
two ounces s Olfei- of Oil 01iv« of Olive octa« 
rium dimidlum half a pint ; 

Liqua dissolve Ceram the Wax in fluidunciis 
septem in seven fluid ounces Olet of th^ Oil ; turn 
then his to these .adjice add paulatim gradually 
Acetatem the Acetate Plumbi of Lead contrltam 
rubbed separatim separately cum with r^liqup 
Oleo the remaining Oil, et and move stir (them) 
spftth& lign^ with a wooden spatula^ donee unM 
c5ierint they shall have united. 



188 CERATES. 

CERATUM PLUMBI COMPOSITUM. 
COMPOUND CERATE OF LEAD. 

Recipe take Liquoris of Liquor Subacetatis of 
the Subacetate Plumbi of Lead fluiduncias dues 
two Jiuid ounces dim with semisse half (a fluid 
cuncej ; Cerae flavae of yellow Wax uncias 
quatiior four ounces ; Olii of Oil 01iv« of 
Olive iluiduncias novem nine fluid ounces ; 
Camphdrse of Camphor drachmam dimidiani 
half a dram ; ^ 

Misce mix Ceram liquefactam the melted Wax 
cum with fluiduneiis octo eight fluid ounces Olei 
of the Oil ; turn then remove remove (Ihem) ab 
igne/rom the fir e^ et. andy ubi when i^nxa^m first 
lentesoant they begin to thicken, adjice add pau- 
latim gradually Liquorem the Liquor Subacetatis 
of the Subacetate Plumbi of Lead, et and move 
stir assidu^ constantly spatbsl lign^ with a wooden 
spatula, donee until refrixerint they shall have 
cooledi Denique lastly^ cum with his these 
misce mix Camph6ram the Camphor, liquatam 
dissolved in reliquo Oleo in the remaining OH. 

CERATUM RESINS. 
CERATE OF RESIN. 

Recipe take Resins flavee of yellow Resin, (and) 
€erae flavs of yellow Wax, singulorum of each 
Kbram a pound ; Olei of Oil Oliys of OUve 
octanum a pint ; 



CBRATBS. 189 

Liquefkc ^melt Rednam the lUsin et and 
Ceram the Wax simul together lento igae with a 
slow fire ; dein then adjice add Oleum the OxL^ 
et and . exprime express Ceratum the Cerate 
adhuc whilst yet. calens hot per through ImtSuAi 
linen, 

CERATUM SABINiE. 

CERATE OF SAVINE, 

Recipe take ]foliorum recentium of fresh Leaves 
Sabinse of Sdnjine contusorum bruised libram a 
pound; Cerse flavae of yellow Wax librani dimid- 
lam half a pound ; Adipis pneparatse of pre* 
pared Lard libras duas two pounds ; 

^Incdque boil in Folia the Leaves Sabinae of 
Savine Adipi to the Lard et and Cerse Wax lique- 
factis melted simul together ; tmn ihen exprime 
express per through lint^um linen. 

CERATUM SAPONIS. 

CERATE OF SOAP. 

Recipe take Saponis duri of hard Soap uncias 
octo eight ounces ; Cere flave of yellow Wax 
uncias decern ten ounces ; OxjMi semivitrei of 
the semioitreous Oxide Plumbi of Lead contriti 
powdered ]ihrani a pound ; OlSi of Oil OlTvse of 
OUve octarium a pint ; Aceti of Vinegar con- 
gium a gallon ; 

Coque 6oi{ Acetmn the Vinegar cum withOx^do 
the Oxide Plumbi of Lead^ lento igne with a slow 



190 OINTMENTS. 

fire^ assidu^ constantly movens itirringy donee 
until cdeant they unite in iinum into one ; dein 
then adjice add Saponem the Soap^ et and coque 
boil iterum a^ain simili' modo in a similar manner, 
donee until humor the moisture eonsumptus fuerit 
be evaporated penitite thoroughly i denique lastly, 
eum with his these misce mix Ceram the Wax, , 
priite Jirst liquefactam dissolved ex Oleo in the 
Oil. 

CERATUM SIMPLEX. 
SIMPLE CERATE. 

Reeipe take Olei of Oil Olivse of Olive fluiduncias 
quatiior four fluid ounces ; Cerae flavse of yellow 
fVax uneias quatuor/our ounces ; 

Adjice add Oleum the Oil Cerae liquefactse to the 
melted Wax, et and misee mix. 



UNGUENTA. 
OINTMENTS. 



UNGUENTUM CANTHARlDIS. 
OINTMENT OF SPANISH FLY. 

Recipe take Cantharidis of Spanish Fly eontiitae 
rubbed in pulverem subtiiissimum into a very 
fine powder uncias duas two ounces; Aquae 
destillatae of distilled Water fiuiduncias octo 
eight fluid ounces ; Cerati of Cerate Resinee of 
Jtesin uncias octo eight ounces ; 



OINTMENTS. 191 

Dec6que boil down Aqnam the Water cum toith 
Cantharide the Spanish ¥ty ad to dimidium half^ 
et and cola strain ; Liquori colato to tlie strained 
Liquor immisce mix in Ceratum the Cerate, dein 
then vapdret let it evaporate ad to iddneam cras- 
situdinem a proper consistence* 

UNGUENTUM CETACfel. 

OINTMENT OF SPERMACETI. 

Recipe take Cetacei of Spermaceti drachmas sex 
six drams ; Cene albae of white Wax drachmas 
duas two drams; Oiei of Oil OlTvee of Olive 
fluiduncias tres three fluid ounces ; 

Liquefacta being melted simul together lento 
igne with a slow fire, move s^r (them) assidii^ 
constantly donee until refrixerint they shall have 
cooled. 

UNGUENTUM EL£MI COMPOSlTUM. 
COMPOUND OINTMENT OF ELEMI. 

Recipe take Elemi of Elemi libram a pound ; 
Terebinthinae vul^ris of common Turpentine 
uncias decern ten ounces ; Sevi prseparati of 
prepared Suet libras duas two pounds ; Olei of 
OiZ Olivae of OUve fluiduncias duas two .fluid 
ounces ; 

Liquefac melt Elemi the Elemi simul to^ 

'gether cum with Sevo the Suet ; tum then re- 

m5ve remove (them) xb from igne the fire^ et 

and his to these misce mix Terebinth inam the 



192 OINTMENTS. 

Turpentine et and Ol^um the 'Oil statim. imme' 
^Rafely ; deinde then exprime express per through 
linteum Unen. 



0NGUENTUM HYDRARGtRI FORTIUS. 
THE STRONGJER OINTMENT OF MERCURY. 

Recipe take Hjdrwrgfri purificati of pur^ied 
Mercury libras duas two pounds ; Adipis prse- 
paratse of prepared Lard Tiginti trl^ twenty^ 
three uncias ounces ; Sevi prseparati of prepared 
Suet unciam an ounce ; 

Tere rub primikm first Hydrargjh^nn the Mer* 
cury cum with Sevo the Suet et and exigiio a little 
.Adipis of the Lard^ donee until globuli globules 
conspiciantur are seen non no ampliils longer ; deia 
then adjice add quod that which est is reliquum 
left Adipis of the Lard, et and misce mix. 

The mercury absorbs oxygen from the atmOqphere 
during its .trituration with the fisit, and is converted into 
the state of an oaade. 



UNGUENTUM HTDRARGtRI JtflTlUS. 

THE MILDER OINTMENT OF MERCURY. 

Recipe take Unguenti fortidris of the stronger 
Ointment Hydrargj^ri of Mercury libram a 
pound ; Adiplb prs^ratse of prepared Lard 
libras duas two pounds ; 

Misce mix. 



6l»TM«lfT«. 193 

UNGUENTUM HTDBAROtRI NITRATIS. 
OINTMENT OF NITRATE OF MERCURY. 

Recipe take Hydrargj^ri purificati ofpurUied Mer» 
cury uucjfam an ounce ; Acidi nitrici of nitric 
AM fluidrachmas imdecim eleven fluid drams ; 
Adipis pneparatse q/'prerpared Iiard uncias sex 
nx<mnce8} "Olei of OiZ' 01iv» of OUve fi^id- 
uncias quatiior four fluid ounces ; 

I^iqua dissolve priinikm fitst Hydraittj^m the 
Mercury iD.Acido in fkeAdd^ dein then misce 
mix liqudr^ tk^ liquor adbuc whUst yet calentem 
hot cum vfith Adipe the Lard et an^ Oleo th^ OU 
liquefactis melted simul together. 

A nUrdie of mercury is here fonne^ bj the u^oti of the 
jDoetal with the add, in the same manner as in the pr^ 
paration of '* Hydrargyri NUrtco-oxydum,** which see. 



UNGUENTUM HYDRARGtRI NITRICO- 

,03CtDI. 

OINTMENT OF NITRIC^OXIDE OF 
MERCURY, 

BeQtpe take Nitrico-oxj^di of Nitric-oxide H^- 

. drargj^ of Mercury unciam an ounce ; Cene 

idte of white Wax uncias duas two ounces ; 

Adipis pneparatse of prepared Lard uncias sex 

nx ounces ; , , - • 

Adjice add Nitnco-oxj^dum the Nitruyoxide 
Hydrargjhi of Mercuryftritvaai rubbed in p^ulvSrem 
tubtilisstmum info a veryflne powder ^ Cem to the 

s 



194 OINTMENTS. 

Wax et and Adipi lAird liquefactis melted simul 
together, et and misce mix. 



UNGUENTUM HYDRARGtRI PR^CIPITATI 

ALBI. 

OINTMENT OF WHITE PRECIPITATE OF 

MEBCXmY. 

Recipe take pnecipitati albi of white precipitate 
Hydrargjh^ of Mercury drachmam a dram ; 
Adipis prseparatse of prepared Lard unciam an 
ounce cum with semisse half {an ounce) ; 

Adjice add Hydrargj^rum precipitatum the pre^ 
cipitated Mercury Aaipi to the Lard^ lique&ctse 
melted lento igne with a slow fire^ et and misce 
mix. 



UNGUENTUM PICIS NIGRiE. 
OINTMENT OF SLACK PITCH- 

Recipe take Picis nigrse of black Pitch, Ceiw 
flavae of yellow Wax, Resinse flava of yeUow 
Resin, singulorum of each iincias novem nine 
ounces ; (M\ of Oil Olivae of Olive octanum a 
pint ; 

Lique&c melt (them) simul together, et and ex- 
prime express per through linteum linen. 



OINTMBNTS. 195 

UNGUENTUM PICIS LIQUlDiE. 

OWTMENT OF LIQUID PITCH, 

Recipe take Picis liquidse of Uqmd Pitch* (and) 
Sevi prseparati of prepared Suet, singulorum of 
each libram a pound ; 

Liquefac melt (them) simul together, et and ex- 
prime express per through linteum cloth. 

UNGUENTUM SAMBtJCI. 

OINTMENT {OF FLOfFERS) OF ELDER. 

Recipe take Florum of Flowers Sambuci of Elder ^ 
Adipis praeparatse of prepared Lard, siDguldrum 
of each libras duas two pounds ; 

Ine5que hoil in Fldres the Flowers Sambuci of 
Elder Adipi to the Lard, doDec until fiant they 
become friabiles /ria^Ze ; turn then exprime express 
per through linteum linen. 

UNGUENTUM SULPHtJRlS. 

OINTMENT OF SULPHUR. 

Rec'Tpe take Sulphiiris sublimati of suhUmed Sul^ 
phur uncias tres three ounces ; Adipis prceparatae 
of prepared Lard libram dimidiam half a 
pound; 

Misce mix. 



• Tar. 
s 2 



106 OINTMBNTI. 

UNGUENTUM SULPHtRIS COMPOStTUM. 

COMPO&ND OINTiiENT OF SlTLPltUE. 

Recipe take Sulpbiiris sublimati of sublimed Sul" 
phur libram dimidiam half a pound ; Radicis 
of Root Veratri of white Hellebore contiitee 
. powdered uncias duas two ounees $ NitFatiro^ 
iVt^ra^tf Potassse of Potass drachmam a dram ; 
SapoDis mollis of soft Soap libram dimidiam 
fuilf a pounds Adipis pr»parat8& o/" prepared 
Lard libram a pound cum with semisse half {a 
p&und) ; 

Misce mix. 

UNGUENTUM Vi^RATRI. 
OiNTMENt OF WHITE JffEttEJBOSE. 

Recipe take Radicis of the Root Veratri of white 
Hellebore x^ontritse powdered uncias duas two 
ounces ; Adipis prseparatse of prepared Lard 
uDcias octo eight ounces; Ol^i of Oi^ Limonum 
of Lemons minima viginti twenty minims ; 



Misce mix. 



UNGUENTUM ZINCI. 
OINTMENT OF ZINC. 



Recipe take Oxj^di of the Oxide Zioci o^ Zmc 
unciam an ounce; Adipis prsparatse of prepared 
Lard uncias sex six ounces ; 



Misce mix. 



LlNIMENTf. 197 



LINIMENTA. 
LINIMENTS. 



LINIMENTUM ^RUGlNIS. 

LINIMENT OF VERDIGRIS. 

Recipe take ^ruginis of Verdigris contritse pow* 
dered . unciam an ounce ; Aceti of , Vinegar 
fluiduDcias septem seven fluid ounces ; Mellis 
of Honey despumati clarified uncias quatiior- 
decim fourteen ounces s 

Liqua dissolve ^ruginem the Verdigris in Aceto 
in the Acidy et and cola strain per through linteum 
linen ; dein then,' instillato Melle the Honey being 
dropped in, dec5que boil down ad to idoDeam 
crassitudinem a proper consistence. 

LINIMENTUM AMMONIA FORTIUS. 
STRONGER LIIHMENT OF AMMONIA. 

Recipe take fluidunciam a fluid ounce Liquoris of 
the Liquor Ammonise of Ammonia ; fluiduDCias 
duas two fluid ounces Olei of Oil Olivse of 
Olive s 

Agita shake (them) simul togetlier donee until 
inisceantur they become mixed. 

s 3 



19S LiimiBVTs. 

LINIMENTUM AMMONITE SUBCARBONATIS. 

LINIMENT OJ^, TffE SUBCARBONATE OF 

AMMONIA. ' 

Recipe take Liq'ttdris of liquor Subcarbonatis of 
the Subcarbonate Amifaoniae of Ammonia fluid- 
iiDciam a fluid ounce yOiei of Oil Olivse ofOUve 
fluiduDcias tres three fluid ounces s 

Agita shake (them) siiuiil together donee until 
misceantar they become mix^d, 

LINIMENTUM CAMPHORiE. 
LINIMENT OF CAMPHOR. 

Recipe take Camph5rse of Oainphor uncTam ditni* 
diam half an ounce-, Olei o/*OiZ Ollvae ofOUve 
fluiduucias duas two fluid ounces ; 

Liqua dissolve Campboram tJie Camphor in Ol^ ' 
Mi the OiL 

LINIMENTUM CAMPHORS COMPOSlfTUM. 

COMPOUND LINIMENT OF CAMPHOR. 

Recipe take Campbdrse of Camphor uncTas duaa 
two ounces ; Liquoris of Liquor Axbmonm of 
Ammonia fluiduncias sex six fluid ounces; Spi- 
nt(ks of Spirit Lavandulae of Laxender octamim 
a pint J 

Misce mix Liqudrem the lAquor Animonise of 
Ammonia cum with Spiritu the Spirit ,• turn then 



X^INIMSNTf. 109 

destillet octu-Tus let a pint (U$Hl ex from retort& 
vitrei a gletss retort, lento igne toith a slow fire ; 
demque hHly, liqua dissohe Camphdram the Cam- 
phor in hoc hi this. 

XINIMENTUM HYDJlARGtRI. 
UNIMENT OF MEJtqURY. 

Recipe take Unguenti fortioria of stronger OmU 
ment Uydrarff}ri of Mercury , Adipis prseparatse 
of prepared Jjard, singulorum of each uncias 
quatiior four ounces ; Camph^ne of Camphor 
uneiam an ounce-) SpintCb rectificaU ofrectiied 
Spirit mintfiia qvAtidikim fifteen minims $ Li- 
quoris of Liquor Ammoniae of Ammonia flnidr 
unciaa k^^Xvlot four fiuid ounces ; 

Vtmhrn first tere ruh Camph5ram the Camphor 
cum with Spintu the Spirit, deinde then cum with 
Adipe the Lard et and Unguento Ointment Uy- 
draq^ri of Mercury ; deni^ue lastly, Liquore the 
Liquor Ammonise of Ammonia instiliato being 
dropped in paulatim by Utile and Utile, misce mix 
omnia the whole {together), 

LINIMENTUM SAPONIS COMPOSlTUM. 

COMPOUND UNIUENT OF SOAP- 

llecipe take Saponis duii of hard SoapvoiclBB tres 
three ounces ; Campbdne of Camphor vBCiam an 
ounce ; S^iti^ of Spirit l£o9manm of Rosemary 
ocUrium a pini^ ; . ^. 



200 CATAPLASMS. 

Liqua dmohe Camph5ram the Camphor in Spi- 
ritu in the Spirit ; deiti then adjice add Saponem 
the Soap, et and macSra macerate baln^o in a 
bath areoe of sand donee until liquetur it be du- 
solved, 

LINIMENTUM TEEEBINTHlNjE. 
LINIMENT OF TURPENTINE. 

Recipe take Cerati of Cerate Resinae of Resin 
llbram a pound ; Olei of the Oil Terebinthinae 
of Turpentine octanum dimidium half a pint; 

Adjice add Oleum the Oil Terebinthinae o/^ Tttr- 
pentine liquefacto Cerato to the melted Cerate^ 
et and misce mix. 



CATAPLASMATA. 
CATAPLASMS. 

CATAPLASMA FERMENTI. 
CATAPLASM OF YEAST. 

Recipe to^e Farinse of Flour libram a pound; Fer- 
menti of the Yeast Cerevisise of Ale octanum 
dimidium half a pint ; 

Misce mir, et and adhibe apply calorem lenem 
a gentie heat donee untU coeperint they h^^ 
intumere to swell. 



CATA^LAlMf. 201 

CATAPLASMA SINAPIS. 
CATAPLASM OF MUSTARD. 

Recipe take Seminum of Seeds Sinapis of Mus» 
tardt SQxmtk}xtti of Seeds JJAm usitatissimi o/* 
common Flax, singuldrum of each contritorum 
powdered libram difiiidiam half a pound ; Aceti 
caGdi of hot Finegar quantum as much as sit 
mai^ be aatii^st^Ment } / 

. Misee mix, . ut that crassitudo the consistence 
Catifi^iii&tis of, a.Catapfofim Qptt may he formed. 



202 



TABULA.* 



Ottendens showing, qua radone m nAat proportion 
OpYum Opium, et and praeparata qusedam certain 
preparations ex from Antimonyo Antimony, Anenlco 
Arsenic, et and Hydraigyro Mercury, contio^tur 
are contained in quibusdam m some Medicamentis 
composltis compound Medicines* 



ConfectYo OpYi confection of Opium continet 
contains granum a grain Opii of Opium in cir* 
citer in about triginta thirty et and sex six gra- 
nis grains. 

Hydrargyrum cum Crbta Mercury with Chalk 
continet contains granum a grain Uydrargj^ of 
Mercury in circiter in about granis tribus three 
grains. 

LinYmentum Hyorargyri Liniment of Mercury 
continet contains drachmam a dram Hydrargj^ 
of Mercury in circiter in about drachmis sex six 
drams, 

• This Table should be cominittedto memorj. 



TABLJS. 203 

LiauoR ArsbnicXlis Arsenical solution qoDtiDet 
contains granum a grain Arsenici aibi sublimati 
of Sublimed White Arsenic in fluidrachmis 
duabus in two fluid drams. 

LiouoR Hydraroyri OxymuriItis Liquor of 
Oxymuriate of Mercury contmet contains gra« 
num a grain Oxymnnatis of the Oxymuriate 
Hydrargj^ri of Mercury in fluidunciis duabus in 
two fluid ounces. 

PiLUL js Hydrargyri the Pills of Mercury con- 
tinent contain granum a grain Hydrargyri of 
Mercury in granis tribus in three grains. 

PiLULJB Hydrargyri SubmuriItis coMPOsYx-aE 
the compound Pills of Submuriate of Mercury 
continent contain granum a grain Hydrargyri 
Submuriatis of the Submuriate of Mercury in cir« 
citer in about granis quatiior /our grains, 

TihVLM Saponis cum OpYo Pills of Soap with 
Opium continent contain granum a grain Opii of 
Opium in granis quinque in five grains. 

PuLVis CoRNU usTi CUM Opto the Powder of 
burnt (Harts^J Horn with Opium continet am- 
tains granum a grain Opii of Opium, in granb 
decern in ten grains, 

PuLvis Crbtje coMPostTus CUM Opto the com' 
pound Powder of Chalk with Opium continet 
contains granum a grain Opii of Opium in scru- 
piilis dudbus in two scruples. 



204 TABLB. 

PuLVis Ipbcacuanhje composYtu^ compound 
Powdier of Ipecacuanha coiittnet contdmsgnamm 
' a grain Opii of Opium in granis decern m ten 
grains, 

PUI.VIS Kmo coHfi&sYf us canymmd 'Powder of 
Kino coHtinet contains ptinum a grain Opii of 
Opmm in fterupiilo tft a scruple. 

ViNUM AntimonYi tartarizXti Wine, of tarta- 
rized Antimony contjhet contains granum* a grain 
Antiinpmi tartarizati of tartarized Antimony in 
flaidrachmb quatuor in/our fiuid drams » 

UnoubntuM' HvDfiARGT ri fortYus tkc Stronger 
Ointment of Mercury continet contains dracb- 
mam a dram Hydrargj^ of Mercury in drachmis 
• duabus in two drams. 

lJK<>0fcK*uM HYf>RARdYRi uiT^vsthe MUderOiui^ 
ment of Mercury eontinet cofUainsdmchmam a 
dram Hydrarg]^ of Mercury in drachmis sex in 
six drams. 



INDEX 

NOMINUM NOVORUM, 

INDEX OF NEW NAMES, 

Ostendens thomng ad to qa(^d nomen what name prions 
Hiarmacopceiae of thefomwrPharmacopana quodque 
each pertinet relateM. 



Bb 



NOmYnA nova. NOMYnA PRIORA. 

KEW NAM^ FORMER I9AM6S. 

A. 

Addum acetkum dilu- Addum acetYcum. 
turn. 

■ ■ arseniosum. Oxj^dUm Arsenic! album. 
Arsenicum album. Arsenid Oxydum. 

« subli- Arsenic! Oxjrdum subl!- 
matum. matum. 

C. 

Calumba. Calumbse Radix, 

Cantbftrls. Lyita. 

Cantii&is vesicatorla. Lytta Vesicatorta: 

Ceratum Gantharldis. . Ceratum Lyttse. 

■ PlumbiAcetatis. "^ Plumbi Super- 

acetat!s. 
CuciirobColocyiithis^P(e- Cucttmis Colocynthis, 
p6num pulpa, Pomrwn pulpa, 

T 



206 INDBX. 

£. 

ElaterYi Pep6nes, Elaterli Poma, 

Emplastrum CantharYdis. Emplastruni Lyttae. 

I. 

InfusumLinicomposYtum. Infusum Lini. 
— — Rosee composl- .. Rosae* 

turn. 

Sennse composl- Sennse. 



turn. 

M. 

MagnesYae Subcarbonas. Magnedise CarbonaSf 
Marmor album. Lapis calcarlus. 

Matonia Cardamomum; Elettarla Cardamomum. 

P. 

Pix abietloa. Fix arida. 

-— ni^ra. Resina nigra. 

Plumbi Acetas. Plumbi Superacetas. 

T. 

Tinctura CantbarXdit. Tmctura Lytta?. 

V&U. 

Vinum AntimonYi tartari- Liquor Antimonli tartari- 

zati. zati. 

Unguentum CantharYdis. Unguentum Lyttse. 

I Picis Digne. ■ Resinse ni- 

grae. 



INDEX 

NOMlkuM PRIORUM, 

INDEX OF FORMER NAMES, 

Ostendens shotuing ad to qiiod nomen what name hujus 
VolumYnis of this Volume quodque' each pertinet 
relates. 



NOMtNA FRIORA. NOmYnA NOVA. 

FORMER NAMES, NEW NAMES, 

A. 

AcYdum ac^tifcum. Acldum acettcuin dilu- 

tum.' 
ArseBYci Oxj^dum. Arsenicum album. 

■ subli- Arsenicum album subli- 

matum. matum. 

C. 

Calumbse Radix, Calumba. 

Ceratum Lyttse. Ceratum CantbarYdis, 

Plumbi Supera- Plumbi Acetat!s« 

cetatis. 

Cuctimis Colocynthis, Pa- Cuciimis Colocynthis, Pe-o 

morum Ptdpa, p6num Pulpa, 

t2 



906 INDKX* 

Blaterii FwIm, Elaterii Peji^net. 

Elettarla Cardamomum. Matonla Cardatnomum. 
Emplastrum Lyttse. Emplastrum Canthaildu. 

I. 

InfiUum Lini. Infiisiun Lini composX- 

tum. 
*— ^ Rosse. Rofise compos!- 

— ^— fiennse. — - Sennae compos!- 

tum 
I4. 
Lapis calcartufl. Mannor album. 

Liquor Autimonli * tartan- Yiniim ADtimooYi tartan- 

zati. zati. 

Lytta. Cautharis. 

Lytta vesicatoila. Casth^s vesicatorla. 

M. 

Magnesfo Carbooas. Magnesias Subcarbooas. 

O. 

Oxj^dum ArsenYci album. Acidum arseniosum. 

p. 

PixarYda. Fix abietlna. 

Plumbi iSuperaeetas. Plurabi Acetas. 

R. 
ResJtoa nignu . Cix vSgnu 

T. 

Tinctiira Lyttae. Unctura CanthaiYdis. 

V&U. 
Unguentum Ly ttsk Unguentum CaHtbarYdk. 

■ ResInainYgrap. Unguentum Picis nigrae. 



"^VU OF THWf PHARMACOPCQtlA* 



SUPPLEMENT. 



Ik the following table those medicines most likely to hi 
taken in an OTer-dose, or for the pmpose of destrojdng life, 
haTe a reference made to their antidotes at the bottom of 
each page, that, when called to a case of poisoning, the 
young practitioner may know, at a single glimce, what he 
should give to afford relief. The after treatment, which 
will always Tary with circumstances, has not been consi- 
dered, as there will be time to deliberate upon this wheh 
a poison shall have been coimteracted. 

To speak of those poisons which are not here enumerated, 
would, perhaps, be irrelevant ; for by far the greater part of 
them are in thia country rarely taken, either by. the suicide, 
or fh>m mistake, (which arises from ^eir not being generally 
known,as well as fh>m the difficulty of procuring them;) whUst 
some others are of such deadly tendency, as to admit of no 
relief; but as numberless accidents hare happened, and noore 
may occur, from the carelesa^ manner of keepingT Oxalic 
Acid, the author trusts the following obsenrations will be 
found of use, as they apply not only to this, but to poisons 
of the same dass. 

' '* Little knowledge haf yet been acquired of the treatment of thU 
kind of p<riM>ning ; for, in truth, it is commonly beyond the control of 
art before medical aid can be procured. Yet neitlier the chemical action 
nor the abiorpdon of the poiaon is so rapid, as not to be obviated by the 
prompt employment of certain remedies. 

*' Ijie first object of the practitioner in all cases of poisoning is, to re- 
move tiie deleterious substance from the stomach. In the case of 
poisoning with oxalic acid, however, it may be inconvenient, or even 
dangerous, to attempt this by ordinary means. For, first, as to emetics, 
either the vomiting is so tpeedy and continual that they are un. 
necessary, or it is never pnmerly accomplished ; in which case emetics 
will too often fiul in their met} besides, during the time lost before 

» 3 



210 SUPPLEMENT. 

Iheir opendoa, the acid woukL in general, have acted loiw enou^ te 
prore erratiuUfy fiital. And then with r^ard to ainmle diluttoL to 
advantageously lued to promote yoniting in most kinds of poisoiimg, 
we have seen that it prcnnotes the ahsotpiion of ozaiic acid : so that it 
could not besafUy used, unless there were a certainty that it would be 
Ibllowed by vmniung. Lastly, the method latdy proposed of withdraw, 
ing liquid poisons fttmi the stomach by a tube and ochausting syringe^ 
n^it be properly wplled to oxalic acid ; but it should be roneinbered, 
that the i^eat rapUDty of its yctloa requires « reitedjr more easily and 
generallT attainable, which remedy must, be an antidote or counter, 
poison.*'^ 

JDr. CSbWftison, amd Dr, Cokideft E t per im e nt al IrnqtOrp on PoUimktg 
te OtaOe Addt kuoskd. «| Uie^ EdMurgk Medical Jimmai 
J&- 4prfi; 18SS. 

Vtom the same interesting paper, it appears that the beat antidotes 
•re clfl/fcand tmigiietia. 



The do$et in the table aw suck as aw usually gkren to 
adults ; and must, of courise, ' always vary with tbe age, 
eonsHhiiion, ^. o^ibe patients l*h0 ibllowfng pn^kirtibBii 
maysenre te assbt in presdibing s— 

Under I yeiir the dose should be, ^ of wbat would be i^ven 

toanadult. 
Syean - - - | !.: .. .' 

» - - r - * -r r 

4 - - - ' + — 

? - - ' ' i 

H - - . . J . ^ 

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A LIST OP ABBREVIATIONS 

USED IN 

PRESCRIPTIONS, &c. 



A, or aa. — oya, ana, sigiru&es qf each. It is placed after 

two or more substances, thus : 

9>. Tiucturse lavandulse, 

— ' cinnamomi, aa 5ij. 

i,e. take of tincture of lavender, and of tincture of 

cinnamon,of each, two drachms, 
Ahdom, -— Abdomen, the 6ell^» 
Abs»febr, — Absente febre, the fever being absent. 
Ad 2 vie. — Ad duas vices, at two takings. 
Ad. gr, acid. '•^ Ad gratam aciditatem, to an agreeable 

acidity. 
Ad libit, — Ad libitum, at pleasure. 
Add, -^ Adde, €uid ; addantur, let them be added ; ad- 

dendus, to be added, 
Admov. — Admoveatur, let it be applied; admovean- 

tur, let them be applied, 
Adsi. febre '^ KdsidxAe iehrey the f^er being present, 
Aggred, febre — Aggredtente febre, the fever coming 

on, 
Altem, horis — Alternis horis, at every other hour, 
Alvoadst, — Alvo adstricto, the belly or bowels being 

bound, 
Aq, bull, — Aqua bullYens, boiling water. 



238 

Aq. /<rrv.— A<jua fervens, boiling water. 
Bu ind. — Bis indies, twice daUy. 
BB, Bbdi, — Barbadensis, Barbadoes. 
Bidl. — Bulltat, let it boU; bullYant, let them boil. 
Carul. — Caerul^uSy blue. 

Cap, or Capt, — Capiat, let him take [i. e. let the pa- 
tient take.] 
C. m, — Cras mane, to-morrow morning. 
Coch. ampl. — Cochleare amplam, a large spoonful. 
Coch. infant. — Cochleare infantis, a child's spoonfid. 
Coch. fiui^n.-^ Cochleare magnum, a large spoonful 
Coch. mod. — Cochleare modicum, a middHng'sized 

gpoonfuly i. e. a dessert spoonful. 
Coch. parv. — Cochleare parvum, a little spoor^id, or 

tea^poonfid. 
Col. — Colatus, strained. 
Colat. -— Colatur, let it be strained, 
Colat. — Colaturse, ^or to the strained piqaoT,] 
Co/bt/.-— Colentur, let them, be strained, 
Comp, — Composltus, compound. 
Cont. rem. — Continuentur remedia, let the medicines 

be continued. 
Co^.— Coque, &oi/; or, coquantur, let them £i,e.ihe 

tfigredients] be bcdled. 
Crast. — Crastlnus, ojf to-morrow, 
Cuj. -^ Cujus, of which. 
CujusL — Cujuslibet, of any. 
Cyath, thece — C.y&tho these, in a cup of tea. 
Deb. spiss. — Debtta spissitudo, a proper consistence, 
Decub. —7 Decubitus, lyin^ down, 
De d. in d, — De die in diem, from day to day, 
D^.alvi — Dejectlones alvi, throti/ings down of the 

boweUy — stools. 
JDet, — Detur, let U be given; dentur, let them be 

pven. 
Jheb. alt. — Diebus alternis, every other days^ 
Deb. tert. — Diebus tertiis, every third dayst 
Dim, — • Dimidius, one half. 



239 

Dir, prop, *— Directione propria, wUh a proper direc* 

tion. 
Donee edv, his dej. — Donee alyus bis dejiciatur, until 

the bowels are twice moved. 
Donee alv, sol.fuer, -^ Donee alvus soluta fu^rit, until 

the bowels shall have become relaxed. 
Ejusd, — Ejusdeni, of the same, 
Enem. — Enema, a c^«/er ; plural, enem&ta, cfy^^^ri. 

It is derived from the Greek cvttj/it, to inject, and 

is of the neuter gender. 
JSset sup, alut, — Extende super alutam, spread upon 

leather, ' . 
F' pil, jnJ.^-'FsLC pilfilas duod^eim, nudce twelve pills, 
jFeb, dur, — Febre durante, during the fever. 
Fern, intern, — Femorlbus intemis, to the inner part of 

the thighs. 
Ft, embrocate — Fiat embrocatlo, let an embrocation be 

made'. 
Ft, gargar, — Fiat gargarysma, let a gargle be made. 
Ft, haust, — Fiat haustus, let a draught be made. 
Ft, mist, -— Fiat mistura, let a mixture be made. 
Ft. pil, jn;.— Fiant piliilse duodScim, let twelve pills be 

made, 
JFV. pulv, — Fiat pulvis, let a powder be made, . 
'Ft, or F, vemes, — Fiat venseseetio, let blee&ng be 

performed, 
jPtf/. <7rm. — Fistiila armata, a prepared pipe, i.e. a 

clyster-pipe and bladder prepared for use, 
Fl. — Fluldus, liquid. 

Gel, quav, — Gelati(n4 qu&vis, in any sort of jeUy* 
G, G, G. — Gummi guttae Gambto, Gamboge drops. 
Gr, — Granum, a grain ; or grana, grains, 
Gtt, -^ Gutta, a drop; or guttse, drops, 
Gutt, quibusd, — Guttis quibusdam, with a few drops. 
Har, pU, sum, m*. — Harum pilalarum sumanttir tres, 

let three of these pills be taken, 
Hor. decub, — Horn decubitus; at the hour of lying 

dmvn, i. e. at going to bed. 



240 

Hot. torn, — Hor& sommi, at the hour ofdeep^ i. e. at 

bed4ime. 
Hor, un, spaiio — Horae unius spatio, at the ejpiration 

of an hour. 
Hor, ifiterm. — Horts intermedlis, at intermediate hours* 
Indi — Indies, daily. 
In pulm, — In puunento, in gruel. 
Inj, enem — Injiciatur enema, let a dytter be given, 
Itot, dot. — LatSri dolente, to the affected side, 
M, — Misce, 'mix; also mensur^, by measure; and 

manipiilus, a handfid. 
Mane pr, — Mane primo, early in the morning. 
Min. — Minimum, the 60th part of ajluid-drachni. 
Mitt. ^- Mitte, send; mittatur, let it be sent ; mittan- 

tur, let them be sent. 
Mitt. sang, ad Jxvj. saltern. — Mittatur sanguis ad un- 

cYas sedScim saltern, let blood be taken away to six^ 

teen ounces at least. 
Mod. prase. — Modo prsescripto, in the manner pre* 

scribed. 
Mor. sol, — More solYto, in the usual manner. 
^, — Numero, in number. 
N. M. — NuK moschata, a nutmeg. 

0. — Octarius, a wine pint. 

01. lini s. i. — 01^ urn lini sine igne, linseed oil without 
Jire, [i. e. cold drawn.] 

Ornn. bid. -— Omni biduo, every two days. 

Omn, bih. — Omni biborio, every two hours. , 

Omn. hor. -^ Omni bora, every hour. 

Omn, »Mm.— Omni mane, every morning, 

Omn. noct. — Omni nocte, every night. 

Omn. quadr. hor, -— Omni quadrante horae, every quar* 

ter of an hour. 
Oz.—^ The ounce avoirdupoise weight, 
P, — Pondo by weight, 
P.M. — Partes aequales, equal parts. 
P. D, — Fbarmacopoeia Dublinensis, pharmacopoeia of 

JhtbHn, 



241 

P. E. — Pharmacopoeia Edinensis, pharmacopceia of 

Mdmburah, 
P, L, — Pharmacopoeia Jjondineasls, pharmacopona of 

London, 
Part, vie, — Partltis viclbus, in divided dotes. 
Per, op, emet, — Peracta operatYone emetlci, the oper* 

ation of the emetic being finithed. 
Post sing, sed, /ig. — Post singulas sedes liquidas, after 

each liquid or loose stool, 
P, r. n.— Pro re nata, occasionally y [i.e. according to 

circumstances,] 
P. rat, at, -^ Pro rattone setatis, according to the state 

of age : [i. e. accordingto the age of a person.] 
P, or Pug, — Pugillus. This word in Pliny signifies 

a handful, but it is intended to mean a gripe between 

the finger and thumb, 
Q, P. — Quantum placet, as much as you please, 
Q, s, — Quantum sufficiat, as much as may be sufficient, 

QqC' hor, — Quaque hora, at every hour. 

Quor, — Quorum, of which, 

1^, — Recipe, take. 

Red, in pulv* — Redactus in pulvSrem, reduced to 

powder, 
jRedig, in pulv, — Redigatur in pulv^rem, let it be re* 

duced to powder, 
Reg, umbil, — Regio umbilici, the region of the nav^l, 

[i. e. the parts about the navel,] 
Repet,-^ Repetatur, let ii be continued ; or repetan^ 

tur, let them be continued, 
S, A, -— Secundum artem, according to art, 
Semidr, — Semidrachma, half a drachm, 
Semih, — Semihora, half an hour, 
Sesunc, — Sesuncla, an ounce and a half, 
Sesqvih, — Sesquihora, an hour and a half 
Si n, vol, — Si non valeat, if it should not answer. 
Si op, sit — Si opus sit, if there should be occasion. 
Si vir, perm. -— Si vires permittant, if the strength 

permit, 

Y 



242 

iS^. ft. pr. — Signetur nonSlne proprio, let U bernarktd 

with the proper name; as, Tincture of LaveAder, 

instead oi Tinctura Lavandulce, &c. 
St» — Semi, half, 

St, — Stet, let it stand; or stent, let them stand. 
Sub, fin. coct, -^ Sub finem coctionis, toward* the end 

of boiling, [i. e. when boiling is just finished,] 
Sum. tal. -— Sumat talem, let him [i. e. the patien£\ take 

such as this, 
S. V. ^- Spirltus vinosus, ardent spirit, 
S. V. R, — Spirltus vinosus rectificatus, rectified spirit 

of wine, 
S, V. T. — SpirUus vinosus tenuis, weak spirit ofwine^ 

[i. e. proof spirit; half spirit of wine and half water]. 
Temp, dext, — Tempori dextro, to the right temple. 
Temp, sinist.-^ Tempori sinistro, to the left temple. 
T, O.— Tinctura Opii, tincture of Opium. 
T. O. €• — linctilra Opii camphorata, camphorated 

tincture of Opium -^paregoric, 
UU, prcescr. "— Ultimo praescriptus, the last pretcribed, 
V. O, S. — Vitello ovi solutus, dissolved in the if oik of 

V<ym. urg. — Vomitione urgente, the vonnting taking 

place, [i. e. when the vomHing begins]. 
Zz. •— Zingiber^ ginger. 



ENGLISH INDEX. 



Page 

Acid acetic dilute ••••. ••• 21 

— benzoic 21 

citric 22 

— muriatic .•... ••• 23 

' nitric ; 25 

diluted 26 

sulphuric, diluted 26 

tartaric 27 

J£ther aromatic Spirit of 146 

— compound Spirit of sulphuric 147 

■ nitric Spirit of • 146 

-^—rectified 144 

sulphuric • 143 

Spiritof 147 

Alcohol 118 

Alum, dried • 41 

Ammonia Subcarbonate of 28 

Antimonial Powder.. • 49 

Antimony, precipitatedSulphuret of 46 

— — - tartarized 47 

Arsenic, white sublimed •.••• 51 

Arsenical Solution •.. •• 51 

Bismuth, Subnitrate of 52 

Calamine, prepared ••......•..•.'• 72 

Cataplasm of Mustard .*..... •..• • 201 

Yeast. 200 

Cerate of Calamine .> 186 

■ Spanish Fly 186 

-^ Acetate of Lead 187 

Resin 188 

■I Sayine 189 

■ simple ••• ••-• 190 

Sovp 189 

■■ Spermaceti .••. ••• •<•••. 187 

■■ ■ compound of Lead ••••«•.• ■••..••*••• 188 

Y 2 



244 ENGLISH IMDKk. 

Page 

Chalk, prepared • < 44 

Confection, Aromatic 162 

of Almonds 161 

. black Pepper 164 

Cassia .^. 163 

Dog Rose .'. 164 

■ Orange Peel 162 

" Opium ...; # \CS 

red Rose ^ 165 

— — — .- Rue - 165 

■ Scammony • ; 166 

•^— ^— ^-— ^ Senna ». 167 

Copper ammoniated .^... 55 

Decoction compound of Aloes •• 96 

———'.— Barley 98 

•— — ■ Mallows 99 

■ ■ I I Sarsapaiilla 100 

of Barley 98 

Bitter-sweet .... .^. ..I. ».......« 96 

■ Cinchona Bark r 97 

Elm Bark ...• lOl 

■ Iceland Moss 99 

■ — Oak Bark 100 



Poppy 100 

•— — Quince Seeds • 97 

7 Sanaparilla 100 

•^^ — Senega ...» 101 

white Hellebore « r 102 



Extract of Aconite 105 

purified Aloes < 103 

—'——*- Chamomile • 105 

Cinchona Bark • 104 

.■■ resinous 105 

— — < Colocynth #«. 105 

compound 106 



Dandelion 113 

deadly Nightshade •••.. 104 

Elaterium •• I07 

Gentian 107 

Hemlock,. .^... ]07 

Henbane • ; «.. 109 

Hop 109 



XMGUSH iiriiKZ. 245 

Page 

Extract of Jalap 110 

■ Lettuce .,,,,. no 

Liquonce ....,..,•► 108 

' Logwood •••« •• , 108 

' Opium Ill 

— — Rhubarb 112 

■ — r— Sarsaparilla 112 

— Stramonium » , lis 

white Poppy Ill 

Hartshorn burnt ..• , 178 

Honey clarified 151 

I of Borax 151 

■ Roses , „ 151 

Infusion compound of Catechu 91 

■ Gentian * , 92 

. Horseradish 89 

— — — ^— - Linseed 92 

' Orange Feel 89 

■ Rose 94 

■ Senna *.>... 94 

■ ■ of Calumba , ,....* 90 

■ Cascarilla ♦. 90 

— — Chamomile , 88 

■ Cinchona 91 

■ ■ CloTes , 90 

■ Cusparia .♦. «. 91 

Digitalis •..•..•. 92 

Quassia , 93 

— — — Rhubarb .: 93 

■ Simarouba •• »«.... 95 

Tobacco 95 



Iron ammoniated 54 

Subcarbonate of • 5S 

— -— Sulphate of..... 56 

tartarized 57 

Lard prepared 177 

Lead^ Acetate of 70 

Lime ••• '.. 41 

Lime fh>m Shells 42 

•——-Muriate of 43 

I Liniment Camphor ... 198 

I ' campound of Camphor..,.....,,,* , 198 

I Y S 



24^ XtiaLlSH iNDXl* 

Page 

Liniment of Mercury ....»» «........<• 19d 

(- Soap compound «...,.; 199 

I stronger of Ammonia * *•• 197 

■ SulMwbonate of Ammonia 198 

Turpentine 209 

of Verdigris 197 

Liquor of Acetate of Ammonia ...< ..•• SO 

Ammonia « •..•• 29 

■ ■ Subcarbonate of Ammonia • 30 

■ alkaline Iron ...» 5S 

— — ammoniated Copper •• •• 54 

■I Subacetaie of Lead* 71 

. diluted 72 

Lime .« 42 

- Muriate of Lime i 43 

•— — Oxymunate of Mercury 65 

Potass « t 30 

■ Subcarbonate of Potass » 31 

tartarized Antimony** ««.... 48 

. cwnpound of Alum » * 41 

Magnesia » 44 

I Subcarbonate of • .••. 45 

Mercury, grey Oxide of 62 

•>*— nitric Oxide of 61 

■ Oxymuriate of • 64 

purified # •.. 67 

red Oxide of • 65 

red Sulphuretof ♦.,..... 69 

black Sulphuret of ....« *«... 69 

— — — — Submuriate of*. , » .,... 6f 

^-^— with Chalk * - 61. 

white precipitated 66 

Mixture of Gum Ammoniac ....** 114 

— - Almonds. *..««.*.* 114 

— — - AssafoBtida » • — •• 115 

' Camphor «...«• 115 

. Chalk 116 

■ ■ » Guaiacum * 117 

• .— Hartshorn, burnt • 116 

. Musk 118 

■ ' compound of Iron >..... 116 

Mucilage of Acacia (....« 95 



XMGusH iir&sx. 347 

Page 

Mucilage of Starch , ,.,.., 9^ 

Oils distilled , „.,„ 82 

Oil, .Ethereal ..,.....•...„ .*.,.•.,♦ 145 

Oil Castor , , 81. 

■ ■ Linseed , , » »...,«. -81 

■ sulphurated » ^ ,, 74 

-^ — of Almonds ,.,., „^,» 81 

■ Amber... **..„. ,...«. 85 

— r^ Turpentine, rectified.;.... „, 83 

Ointment compound of .Elemi 191 

-^-— ^- of Elder Flower *....•... 195 

' ■ > of Spanish Fly , i. *.».... 190 

■ stronger of Mercury »,,, 192 

- milder 192 

■ ■ of Nitrate of Mercuiy ,k , I95 

I nitric Oxide of Mercury 195 

■ white Precipitated Mercury... 194 

■ Pitclyliquid I95 

I I I black „. 194 

■ Spermaceti 191 

> I I Sulphur « , , 195 

. compound , , 195 

■' ' of white HeUebore 195 

■ ■ ■ — Zinc 196 

Oxymel, simple 152 

- of Squill 152 

Fills of Aloes with Myrrh , I73 

■ Mercury , 175 

* Soap withOpium... 176 

■ ■ compound of Aloes.. .? 173 

>■ ■ .. Galbanum • ,,., 175 

_— Gambdge. 174 

.. ■ ' Iron 174 

■ Submuriate of Mercury ,,„. i7g 

■^ Squill 177 

Plaster A mmoniacum • 179 

— — with Mercury , 180 

compound Galbanum ,.,, 182 

Pitch 183 

»' Cumin ...^m 181 

of Lead 184< 



S48 B1I«U81I IWDKZ. 

Plastsr of Mercury — J!? 

of Oj^um \T: 

mm^^ of Reun ^ • **** 

!!mSa^ 185 

Spanish Fly ^^ 

Wax * •• 1" 

Potass, Acetate of ^f 

■ Caibonate of ^* 

fused II 

with Lime tz 

■ Subcaiiionate of ^* 

:^ — Sulphateof "t^ 

Sulphuretof l^ 

. Super-sulphate of ..# • ^ 

— — Tartrate of ^ 

Powder antimomal -••• ^^ 

of burnt Hartshorn with Opium 169 

compound of Aloes 168 

L..^ Chalk 169 

Chalk with Opium 170 

.,_^..«_«__- Cinnamon 16* 

^__.^_-— — Contrayerva 169 

TpfTflnif***" • 170 

_- -Kino 171 

Srnmmrny •••• 171 

— - Senna 171 

^ Tragacanth 173 

Quicksilver, Vide Mercury 

Shells, prepared 179 

Silver, Nitrate of 50 

Soda^ Caibonate of 37 

— — . Subcarbonate of 38 

.- dried 39 

I. Sulphateof 39 

tartariged ..-. • •••••• •• 40 

Spirit ammoniated of Meadow Saffron 124 

fepirit compound of Horseradirfi 122 

Tiinir'"- • 124 

,^^ ■ Lavender 125 

-•—* of Ammonia » 119 

awwnAiii* ....•• 120 

. foetid 121 



Pmge 

Spirit of Ammonia succinated .#. 121 

Aniseed , ;,... .> 123 

t I Camphor ..»«...... 123 

« Garraway = .••i.....»» »•«.. 128- 

■ Cinnamon ..# • >..>»»•. 12S 

— — Lavender .> k «...» 12& 

■ Nutmeg .........«> * ......I*... 12T 

■ Pennyroyal .....'b....**... ^... ...»••.. 128 

' Peppermint ^« *•• 126 

— — Pimenta 127 

Rosemary «... 12a 

— — Spearmint .,..•.......» •....'126' 

Sponge, burnt .....».......«.*....s 17^ 

Suet» prepared ^ .• ^ 17a 

Sulphur, washed •••• 75- 

' precipitated .^..«.^ 76 

Syrup of Buckthorn > « 156 

; Ginger •« ;.r.. 160 

* . Lemons «••• •...••••••...•••- 154 

• MarshmaUovfs • % 153 

» — «— Mulberry .....«• 15^ 

I • • Oranges •' .....r. 153 

• ■ Poppy^ white •.... 155 

-i , red '. .r... .. 15% 



-**— Roses r 158 

..J Saffron ..r... 154 

■ Sars^Mtrilla ... •. '15a 

..'— • Senna : 159 

simple « .• 159 

■ Tolu ,^ 160 

Tincture, compound of Aloes .-... 129 

■ Benjamin 130 

. I !■ Camphor ....••.. 131- 

■ ■ ■ ■■* Cardamoms • 132 

■ Cinnamon ..« 195 

■ Cinchona 135 

- Gentian • 136 

— i... Rhubarb 140 

■ of Aloes «. 129 

I Assafoetida 130 

^ 1 I black Hellebore «. 137 

. ._...^ Calumba 131 



9SCf svouaB smxx* 

Page 

Tioctureof Capsicum «. 132 

II. Cardamoms ,,,.., 132 

——.*—— CaftTtiP^^ft •• 1S5 

Castor , i 135 

» Catechu ^ -... 134 

«MB^<«— — — » Ondiona Bark ••«.m«.*.»«. •»•••••••••.•••••«» 134 

ammoniated 134 

— -^-— » Cinnamon 135 

■ Digitalis 136 

ammoniated ••*»»«•.•••• ••••M««. 13T 



Ginger ....« 142 

Henbane 138 

Hop » • •««••. 138 

ammoniated Iron • , 59 

Muriate of Iron. .....—... 59 



Jalap 138 

Kino 139 

Myrrh » 139 

Opium 139 

Orange Peel 130 

Rhubarb < 140 

Senna «.. •»•...•• «• 141 

Serpentary 141 

Spanish Fly 1S2 



— Syiiih 141 

■ ^ Valerian u.....»« — 149 

Valerian ammoniated ».....•«...•.«••..•.... 14^ 

Vinegar of Meadow Safiron 150 

— — Squill ..- • 15a 

WaterofCarraway .••...«••.• ..^...•.... 85 

I Cinnamon ...• 85 

Dill 84 

distilled 84 

■■ Fennel „ 85 

■ Peppermint 86 

I ■ ■ Pennyroyal .••....•• • 87 

■ Pimenta ..••... 87 

■ ■ ■ Rose •«•... 88 

Spearmint • »•• 86 



ENGLISH INDEX. 251 

Wine Of Iron ^*|^ 

' • Meadow Saffron „...**J.V.V.*.*,' 143 

^ Opium !!!!.'!!". 149 

—— tartariaed Antimony „ ^^^^^ *" ^g 

- ■ white Hellebore 14q 

«inc. Oxide of ^„ 

Sulphate of i.^^VlVJ.\\\\\\\\\"".*!.'.*.*lV 73 



THE END, 



JLONDON: 

Printed by A. & a SpoUisWoode, 
New-Street-Square. 



I 

i